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Macedonia Facts

Macedonia Facts | The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics | People's Republic of Macedonia, Socialist Rep

Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics
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Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics
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 MACEDONIAN POLITICAL
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  
Background: Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991, but Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of the "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, although differences over Macedonia's name remain. The undetermined status of neighboring Kosovo, implementation of the Framework Agreement - which ended the 2001 ethnic Albanian armed insurgency - and a weak economy continue to be challenges for Macedonia.
 
 
Common Name: Macedonia Local Official Name: Makedonija
Abbreviated Name: The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Official Name: Republika Makedonija
Official Script Name: Macedonia Local Common Name: F.Y.R.O.M.
Former Name: People's Republic of Macedonia, Socialist Rep Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Branko CRVENKOVSKI
 
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: 1991 September 17 (from Yugoslavia)
 
Constitution: 1991 November 17 adopted, effective 1991 November 20 note: the Macedonian Parliament approved 2001 November a series of new constitutional amendments, strengthening minority rights
 
National Holiday: Uprising Day, 2 August
 
International Organization Participation: BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SECI, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 85 municipalities (opstini, singular - opstina); Aerodrom (Skopje), Aracinovo, Berovo, Bitola, Bogdanci, Bogovinje, Bosilovo, Brvenica, Butel (Skopje), Cair (Skopje), Caska, Centar (Skopje), Centar Zupa, Cesinovo, Cucer-Sandevo, Debar, Debartsa, Delcevo, Demir Hisar, Demir Kapija, Dojran, Dolneni, Drugovo, Gazi Baba (Skopje), Gevgelija, Gjorce Petrov (Skopje), Gostivar, Gradsko, Ilinden, Jegunovce, Karbinci, Karpos (Skopje), Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kisela Voda (Skopje), Kocani, Konce, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krivogastani, Krusevo, Kumanovo, Lipkovo, Lozovo, Makedonska Kamenica, Makedonski Brod, Mavrovo i Rastusa, Mogila, Negotino, Novaci, Novo Selo, Ohrid, Oslomej, Pehcevo, Petrovec, Plasnica, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Rankovce, Resen, Rosoman, Saraj (Skopje), Skopje, Sopiste, Staro Nagoricane, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Studenicani, Suto Orizari (Skopje), Sveti Nikole, Tearce, Tetovo, Valandovo, Vasilevo, Veles, Vevcani, Vinica, Vranestica, Vrapciste, Zajas, Zelenikovo, Zelino, Zrnovci note: the ten municipalities followed by Skopje in parentheses collectively constitute "greater Skopje"
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Branko CRVENKOVSKI (since 12 May 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Nikola GRUEVSKI (since 28 August 2006) cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly; note - current cabinet formed by the government coalition parties VMRO/DPMNE, NSDP, PDSH/DPA, and several small parties elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); two-round election last held 14 April and 28 April 2004 (next to be held by April 2009); prime minister elected by the Assembly following legislative elections election results: Branko CRVENKOVSKI elected president on second-round ballot; percent of vote - Branko CRVENKOVSKI 62.7%, Sasko KEDEV 37.3% Legislative Branch: unicameral Assembly or Sobranie (120 seats - members elected by popular vote from party lists based on the percentage of the overall vote the parties gain in each of six electoral districts; all serve four-year terms) elections: last held 5 July 2006 (next to be held by July 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - VMRO-DPMNE 32.5%, SDSM 23.3%, DUI 12.2%, PDSH/DPA 7.5%; seats by party - VMRO-DPMNE 44, SDSM 32, DUI 28, PDSH/DPA 11, other 5 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court - the Assembly appoints the judges; Constitutional Court - the Assembly appoints the judges; Republican Judicial Council - the Assembly appoints the judges
 
Party Leaders: Definition Field Listing Democratic Alliance [Pavle TRAJANOV]; Democratic Alternative or DA [Vasil TUPURKOVSKI]; Democratic League of the Bosniaks [Rafet MUMINOVIC]; Democratic Party of Albanians or PDSH/DPA [Arben XHAFERI]; Democratic Party of Serbs [Ivan STOILJKOVIC]; Democratic Party of Turks [Kenan HASIPI]; Democratic Renewal of Macedonia [Liljana POPOVSKA]; Democratic Republican Union of Macedonia or DRUM [Goran RAFAJLOVSKI]; Democratic Union of Vlachs for Macedonia [Mitko KOSTOV]; Democratic Union for Integration or DUI [Ali AHMETI]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity or VMRO-DPMNE [Nikola GRUEVSKI]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Macedonian [Boris STOJMENOV]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-People's Party or VMRO-Narodna [Vesna JANEVSKA, acting]; League for Democracy [Gjorgi MARJANOVIC]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Risto PENOV]; Liberal Party [Stojan ANDOV]; National Alternative [Harun ALIU]; National Democratic Party or PDK [Basri HALITI]; National Farmers' Party [Vejljo TANTAROV]; New Democratic Forces [Hysni SHAQIRI]; New Social Democratic Party or NSDP [Tito PETKOVSKI]; Party for Democratic Future [Alajdin DEMIRI]; Party for Democratic Prosperity or PPD/PDP [Abduljhadi VEJSELI]; Social Democratic Alliance of Macedonia or SDSM [Vlado BUCKOVSKI]; Socialist Party of Macedonia or SP [Ljubisav IVANOV-ZINGO]; United Party for Emancipation or OPE [Nezdet MUSTAFA]
 
International Disputes: ethnic Albanians in Kosovo object to demarcation of the boundary with Macedonia in accordance with the 2000 Macedonia-Serbia and Montenegro delimitation agreement; Greece continues to reject the use of the name Macedonia or Republic of Macedonia
 
Illicit Drugs: major transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and hashish; minor transit point for South American cocaine destined for Europe; although not a financial center and most criminal activity is thought to be domestic, money laundering is a problem due to a mostly cash-based economy and weak enforcement (no arrests or prosecutions for money laundering to date) 
 
 
 MACEDONIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  
 
Location of Macedonia: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 25,333 sq km 
Region: South Eastern Europe Land Area Land: 24,856 sq km
Capitol City: Skopje Land Area Water: 477 sq km
      
Latitude: 041 50 N Border Boundary Land: 766 km
Longitude: 022 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 22.01 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.79 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,764 m Location: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit)
Lowest Elevation: 50 m Location: Vardar River
  
Largest City in Macedonia: Skopje Skopje Largest City Population: 485,000
  
Threatened Species: 25
 
Environmental Issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 550
 
Bordering Countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 246 km, Yugoslavia 221 km
 
Natural Resources: low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land
 
Geographical Terrain: mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
 
Comparative Area of Macedonia: slightly larger than Vermont
 
Macedonia's Geography: landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe
 

 MACEDONIAN CLIMATE
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  
 
General Climate: warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
 
Natural Hazards: high seismic risks
 
 
 MACEDONIAN ECONOMY
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: At independence in September 1991, Macedonia was the least developed of the Yugoslav republics, producing a mere 5% of the total federal output of goods and services. The collapse of Yugoslavia ended transfer payments from the central government and eliminated advantages from inclusion in a de facto free trade area. An absence of infrastructure, UN sanctions on the downsized Yugoslavia, one of its largest markets, and a Greek economic embargo over a dispute about the country's constitutional name and flag hindered economic growth until 1996. GDP subsequently rose each year through 2000. However, the leadership's commitment to economic reform, free trade, and regional integration was undermined by the ethnic Albanian insurgency of 2001. The economy shrank 4.5% because of decreased trade, intermittent border closures, increased deficit spending on security needs, and investor uncertainty. Growth barely recovered in 2002 to 0.9%, then rose by 3.4% in 2003, 4.1% in 2004, and 3.7% in 2005. Macedonia has maintained macroeconomic stability with low inflation, but it has lagged the region in attracting foreign investment and job growth has been anemic. Macedonia has an extensive grey market, estimated to be more than 20 percent of GDP, that falls outside official statistics.
 
 
GDP: $15,940,000,000 USD Currency: Macedonian denar
GDP per Capita: $7,800 USD Currency Code: MKD
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Macedonian denars per US dollar - 48.92 (2005), 49.41 (2004), 54.322 (2003), 64.35 (2002), 68.037 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 11.80 % GDP of Industry: 31.90 %
GDP of Services: 56.30 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 0.00 % Population in Poverty: 29.60 %
Unemployment Rate: 37.30 % Tourism: 181,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $2,105,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $2,150,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 6,271,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 7,933,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 1,662,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 82.25% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 17.75% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 23,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $2,190,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $250,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: grapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk, eggs
 
Primary Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 6.80 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $3,196,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels, food products
 
Import Partners: Russia 13.2%, Germany 10.4%, Greece 9.2%, Bulgaria 7.3%, Italy 6%
 
Export Amount in USD: $2,047,000,000 USD - food, beverages, tobacco; miscellaneous manufactures, iron and steel
 
Export Partners: Germany 17.8%, Greece 15.3%, Italy 8.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 28.20%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 855,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
 
  
 MACEDONIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 49 Number of People with Radios: 410,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 31 Number of People with Televisions: 510,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 533,200 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,261,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 3,541 Internet Users: 159,900
 
Internet Country Code: .mk Newspapers: 53
Two Letter Country Code: MK Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 389 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: NA international: country code - 389
 
  
 MACEDONIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  

   

Highways: 5,540 km Railways: 699 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 388 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 10 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 155 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 10,688,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 5.40 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: NA
 
  
 MACEDONIAN PEOPLE
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  
 
Population: 2,050,554 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 12.02 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 80.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.77 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.26% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.57 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 213 Population Female 0-14: 199
Population Male 15-64: 711 Population Female 15-64: 701
Population Male 65+: 98 Population Female 65+: 126
 
Population 0-14: 20.10% Literacy Rate: 96.10%
Population 15-64: 68.90% Literacy rate of Males: 98.20%
Population 65+: 11.00% Literacy rate of Females: 94.10%
 
Population that is Male: 50.00 % Population that is Female: 50.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 73.97 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 9.81 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 71.51 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 76.62 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.65
 
Nationality: MACEDONIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% 
 
  
Primary Language: Macedonian
 
Other Languages: Macedonian 66.5%, Albanian 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8%
 
 
Primary Religion: Macedonian Orthodox
 
Other Religions: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, other Christian 0.37%, Muslim 33.3%, other and unspecified 1.63%
 
  
 MACEDONIAN MILITARY
  Macedonia Facts |  The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Information | Macedonia Statistics  
  
Branches: Army of the Republic of Macedonia (ARM; includes Joint Operational Command, with subordinate Air Wing); Special Force Command
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 979,576 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 808,995 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 32,350 People per year
 
Expenditures: $200,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 6.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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