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Malawi Facts

Malawi Facts | Republic of Malawi Information | Malawi Statistics | British Central African Protectorate, Nyasala

Malawi Facts |  Republic of Malawi Information | Malawi Statistics Malawi Facts |  Republic of Malawi Information | Malawi Statistics
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MALAWIAN Flag
 
 MALAWIAN POLITICAL
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Background: Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. After three decades of one-party rule, the country held multiparty elections in 1994 under a provisional constitution, which took full effect the following year. National multiparty elections were held again in 1999.
 
 
Common Name: Malawi Local Official Name: Malawi
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Malawi Official Name: Malawi
Official Script Name: Malawi Local Common Name: Malawi
Former Name: British Central African Protectorate, Nyasala Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Bakili MULUZI
 
Government Type: multiparty democracy
 
Independence: 1964 July 6 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1994 May 18
 
National Holiday: Independence Day (Republic Day), 6 July
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 27 districts; Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga (Kasupe), Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Appeal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Bakili MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Bakili MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: 38-member Cabinet named by the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 15 June 1999 (next to be held NA 2004) election results: Bakili MULUZI reelected president; percent of vote - Bakili MULUZI (UDF) 51.4%, Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA (MCP-AFORD) 44.3% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly (193 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 15 June 1999 (next to be held NA 2004) election results: percent of vote by party - UDF 48%, MCP 34%, AFORD 15%, others 3%; seats by party - UDF 96, MCP 61, AFORD 30, others 6 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court of Appeal; High Court (chief justice appointed by the president, puisne judges appointed on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission); magistrate's courts
 
Party Leaders: Alliance for Democracy or AFORD [Chakufwa CHIHANA, president]; Malawi Congress Party or MCP [Gwanda CHAKUAMBA, president, John TEMBO, vice president]; Malawi Democratic Party or MDP [Kampelo KALUA, president]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Bakili MULUZI] - governing party
 
International Disputes: Malawi and Tanzania maintain a largely dormant dispute over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and current location of historical boundary in meandering Songwe River
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 MALAWIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Malawi: Southern Africa, east of Zambia
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 118,480 sq km 
Region: Eastern African Land Area Land: 94,080 sq km
Capitol City: Lilongwe Land Area Water: 24,400 sq km
      
Latitude: 013 30 S Border Boundary Land: 2,881 km
Longitude: 034 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 20.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,002 m Location: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje)
Lowest Elevation: 37 m Location: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique
  
Largest City in Malawi: Lilongwe Lilongwe Largest City Population: 765,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 280
 
Bordering Countries: Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km
 
Natural Resources: limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
 
Geographical Terrain: narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains
 
Comparative Area of Malawi: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
 
Malawi's Geography: landlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km long, is the country's most prominent physical feature
 

 MALAWIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: sub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)
 
Natural Hazards: NA
 
 
 MALAWIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounts for 40% of GDP and 88% of export revenues. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In late 2000, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. The government faces strong challenges, e.g., to fully develop a market economy, to improve educational facilities, to face up to environmental problems, and to deal with the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth.
 
 
GDP: $7,000,000,000 USD Currency: Malawian kwacha
GDP per Capita: $660 USD Currency Code: MWK
GDP Growth Rate: 1.70 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Malawian kwachas per US dollar - 67.3111 (December 2001), 72.1973 (2001), 59.5438 (2000), 44.0881 (1999), 31.0727 (1998), 16.4442 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 40.00 % GDP of Industry: 19.00 %
GDP of Services: 41.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 28.60 % Population in Poverty: 54.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 254,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $490,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $523,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 825,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 767,250,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 3.03% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 96.97% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $2,800,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $427,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses; cattle, goats, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts
 
Primary Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 2.50 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $463,600,000 USD - food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment
 
Import Partners: South Africa 40%, UK 11%, Zimbabwe 7%, Japan 5%, Germany 2%, US 1.8%, Zambia
 
Export Amount in USD: $415,500,000 USD - tobacco, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel
 
Export Partners: South Africa 18%, Germany 13%, US 13%, UK 10%, Japan 7%, Netherlands 3%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 4,500,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 86%
 
  
 MALAWIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Malawi Facts |  Republic of Malawi Information | Malawi Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 16 Number of People with Radios: 2,600,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 0
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 38,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 49,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 7 Internet Users: 15,000
 
Internet Country Code: .mw Newspapers: 3
Two Letter Country Code: MW Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +265 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: system employs open-wire lines, microwave radio relay links, and radiotelephone communications stations international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 MALAWIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Malawi Facts |  Republic of Malawi Information | Malawi Statistics  

   

Highways: 2,773 km Railways: 797 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 144 km
Airports: 6 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba
 
  
 MALAWIAN PEOPLE
  Malawi Facts |  Republic of Malawi Information | Malawi Statistics  
 
Population: 10,701,824 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 37.13 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 90.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 23.20 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.39% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.04 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 2,358,730 Population Female 0-14: 2,347,017
Population Male 15-64: 2,810,478 Population Female 15-64: 2,884,601
Population Male 65+: 120,761 Population Female 65+: 180,237
 
Population 0-14: 44.00% Literacy Rate: 58.00%
Population 15-64: 53.20% Literacy rate of Males: 72.80%
Population 65+: 2.80% Literacy rate of Females: 43.40%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 36.59 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 119.96 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 36.05 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 37.15 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 15.96% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 800,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 70,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: MALAWIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official), Chichewa (official), other languages important regionally
 
 
Primary Religion: Protestant
 
Other Religions: Protestant 55%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 3%, other 2%
 
  
 MALAWIAN MILITARY
  Malawi Facts |  Republic of Malawi Information | Malawi Statistics  
  
Branches: Army (including Air Wing and Naval Detachment), Police (including paramilitary Mobile Force Unit)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 2,535,207 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,301,625 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $9,500,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.76
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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