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Marshall Islands Facts

Marshall Islands Facts | Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics | Marshall Islands District (Trust Territory of

Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics
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South Pacific Oceania Map
 
Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics
Marshall Islands Map
 
MARSHALLESE Flag
 
 MARSHALLESE POLITICAL
  Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics  
Background: After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network.
 
 
Common Name: Marshall Islands Local Official Name: Marshall Islands
Abbreviated Name: Republic of the Marshall Islands Official Name: Marshall Islands
Official Script Name: Marshall Islands Local Common Name: Marshall Islands
Former Name: Marshall Islands District (Trust Territory of Territory of: United States of America
 
Head of State: President Kessai Hesa
 
Government Type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
 
Independence: 21 October 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
 
Constitution: 1979 May 1
 
National Holiday: Constitution Day, 1 May
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, IDA, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO
 
Administrative Divisions: 33 municipalities; Ailinginae, Ailinglaplap, Ailuk, Arno, Aur, Bikar, Bikini, Bokak, Ebon, Enewetak, Erikub, Jabat, Jaluit, Jemo, Kili, Kwajalein, Lae, Lib, Likiep, Majuro, Maloelap, Mejit, Mili, Namorik, Namu, Rongelap, Rongrik, Toke, Ujae, Ujelang, Utirik, Wotho, Wotje
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 5 January 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 5 January 2004) cabinet: Cabinet selected by the president from among the members of the legislature elections: president elected by Parliament from among its own members for a four-year term; election last held 17 November 2003 (next to be held November 2007) election results: Kessai Hesa NOTE elected president; percent of Parliament vote - 100% Legislative Branch: unicameral legislature or Nitijela (33 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 17 November 2003 (next to be held by November 2007) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA note: the Council of Chiefs or Ironij is a 12-member body comprised of tribal chiefs that advises on matters affecting customary law and practice Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; High Court; Traditional Rights Court
 
Party Leaders: traditionally there have been no formally organized political parties; what has existed more closely resembles factions or interest groups because they do not have party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures; the following two "groupings" have competed in legislative balloting in recent years - Aelon Kein Ad Party [Michael KABUA] and United Democratic Party or UDP [Litokwa TOMEING]
 
International Disputes: claims US territory of Wake Island
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 MARSHALLESE GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Marshall Islands: Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 11,854 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 181 sq km
Capitol City: Majuro Land Area Water: 11,673 sq km
      
Latitude: 009 00 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 168 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 370 km 
  
Arable Land: 11.11 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 44.44 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 10 m Location: unnamed location on Likiep
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Marshall Islands: Majuro Majuro Largest City Population: 33,000
  
Threatened Species: 12
 
Environmental Issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
 
Geographical Terrain: low coral limestone and sand islands
 
Comparative Area of Marshall Islands: about the size of Washington, DC
 
Marshall Islands's Geography: Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is used as a US missile test range; island city of Ebeye is the second largest settlement in the Marshall Islands, after the capital of Majuro, and one
 

 MARSHALLESE CLIMATE
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General Climate: wet season from May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt
 
Natural Hazards: infrequent typhoons
 
 
 MARSHALLESE ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: US Government assistance is the mainstay of this tiny island economy. Agricultural production, primarily subsistence, is concentrated on small farms; the most important commercial crops are coconuts and breadfruit. Small-scale industry is limited to handicrafts, tuna processing, and copra. The tourist industry, now a small source of foreign exchange employing less than 10% of the labor force, remains the best hope for future added income. The islands have few natural resources, and imports far exceed exports. Under the terms of the Amended Compact of Free Association, the US will provide millions of dollars per year to the Marshall Islands (RMI) through 2023, at which time a Trust Fund made up of US and RMI contributions will begin perpetual annual payouts. Government downsizing, drought, a drop in construction, the decline in tourism and foreign investment due to the Asian financial difficulties, and less income from the renewal of fishing vessel licenses have held GDP growth to an average of 1% over the past decade.
 
 
GDP: $115,000,000 USD Currency: US dollar
GDP per Capita: $2,900 USD Currency Code: USD
GDP Growth Rate: 3.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: the US dollar is used
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 31.70 % GDP of Industry: 14.90 %
GDP of Services: 53.40 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 30.90 % Tourism: 5,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $42,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $40,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 0 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 0 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 99.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 1.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $86,500,000 USD Received in economic aid: $51,100,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens
 
Primary Industries: copra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $54,700,000 USD - foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels, beverages and tobacco
 
Import Partners: US, Japan, Australia, NZ, Singapore, Fiji, China, Philippines
 
Export Amount in USD: $9,100,000 USD - copra cake, coconut oil, handicrafts, fish
 
Export Partners: US, Japan, Australia, China
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 14,980
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 21.4%, industry 20.9%, services 57.7%
 
  
 MARSHALLESE COMMUNICATIONS
  Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 4 Number of People with Radios: 0
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 0
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 5,510 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,198
 
Internet Service Providers: 6 Internet Users: 2,000
 
Internet Country Code: .mh Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: RM Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 692 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: digital switching equipment; modern services include telex, cellular, internet, international calling, caller ID, and leased data circuits domestic: Majuro Atoll and Ebeye and Kwajalein islands have regular, seven-digit, direct-dial telephones; other islands interconnected by high frequency radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes) and mini-satellite telephones international: country code - 692; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); US Government satellite communications system on Kwajalein (2001)
 
  
 MARSHALLESE TRANSPORTATION
  Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics  

   

Highways: 64 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 4 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 795 ships (1000 GRT or over) 30,772,611 GRT/50,987,293 DWT by type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 178, cargo 53, chemical tanker 133, container 147, liquefied gas 25, passenger 7, petroleum tanker 234, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 7, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 5 foreign-owned: 730 (Australia 2, Bermuda 4, Brazil 1, Canada 6, Chile 1, Croatia 2, Cyprus 15, Denmark 1, Finland 2, Germany 194, Greece 199, Hong Kong 7, Isle of Man 1, Italy 1, Japan 7, South Korea 1, Latvia 7, Monaco 8, Netherlands 1, Norway 65, Russia 1, Saudi Arabia 1, Singapore 6, Slovenia 3, Spain 3, Switzerland 13, Turkey 20, UAE 3, UK 12, US 143) registered in other countries: 1 (North Korea 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Majuro
 
  
 MARSHALLESE PEOPLE
  Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics  
 
Population: 60,422 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 33.05 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 293.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.78 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.25% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.85 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 11,720 Population Female 0-14: 11,295
Population Male 15-64: 18,305 Population Female 15-64: 17,445
Population Male 65+: 801 Population Female 65+: 856
 
Population 0-14: 38.10% Literacy Rate: 93.70%
Population 15-64: 59.20% Literacy rate of Males: 93.60%
Population 65+: 2.70% Literacy rate of Females: 93.70%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 70.31 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 28.49 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 68.33 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 72.39 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -5.78
 
Nationality: MARSHALLESE
 
Ethnic Groups: Micronesian 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: Marshallese 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census) note: English widely spoken as a second language; both Marshallese and English are official languages
 
 
Primary Religion: Protestant 54.8%, Assembly of
 
Other Religions: Christian (mostly Protestant)
 
  
 MARSHALLESE MILITARY
  Marshall Islands Facts |  Republic of the Marshall Islands Information | Marshall Islands Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular military forces; Police Force (defense is the responsibility of the US )
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 MARSHALLESE RESOURCES
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Marshall Islands Spa and Resort Directory
 
Marshall Islands Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Marshall Islands Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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