English  Your Native Language is set as English Select your native speaking language 

Martinique Facts

Martinique Facts | Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics | Martinique

Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics
North America Continent
 
Caribbean Map
 
Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics
Martinique Map
 
MARTINIQUAIS Flag
 
 MARTINIQUAIS POLITICAL
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
Background: The French began to settle this island in 1635, overcoming resistance from the local Carib inhabitants. In 1660, the suviving natives were rounded up and permanently expelled. The island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.
 
 
Common Name: Martinique Local Official Name: Martinique
Abbreviated Name: Department of Martinique Official Name: Departement de la Martinique
Official Script Name: Martinique Local Common Name: Martinique
Former Name: Martinique Territory of: France
 
Head of State: President Jacques CHIRAC of France
 
Government Type: overseas department of France
 
Independence: none (overseas department of France)
 
Constitution: 1958 September 28 (French Constitution)
 
National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July
 
International Organization Participation: UPU, WCL, WFTU
 
Administrative Divisions: none (overseas department of France)
 
Dependent Areas: overseas department of France
 
Legal System: French legal system
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995); Prefect Yves DASSONVILLE (since 14 January 2004); note - took office 8 February 2004 head of government: President of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 March 1992); President of the Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE (since NA March 1998) cabinet: NA elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils for six-year terms Legislative Branch: unicameral General Council or Conseil General (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) elections: General Council - last held March 2000 (next to be held in 2006); Regional Council - last held on 28 March 2004 (next to be held by March 2010) election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - left-wing candidates 13, PPM 11, RPR 6, right-wing candidates 5, PCM 3, UDF 3, PMS 2, independents 2; note - the PPM won a plurality; Regional Council (second round) - percent of vote by party - MIM 53.8%, PPM 30.6%; seats by party - MIM 28, PPM 9, other 4 note: Martinique elects 2 seats to the French Senate; elections last held September 2004 (next to be held September 2008); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPM 1, left-wing candidate 1; Martinique also elects 4 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 9 June 2002, second round - 16 June 2002 (next to be held not later than June 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP-RPR 1, PMS 1, MIM 1, left-wing candidate 1 (candidacy of the left-wing candidate was found invalid by the Constitutional Council; new elections will be called) Judicial Branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
 
Party Leaders: Martinique Communist Party or PCM [Georges ERICHOT]; Martinique Independence Movement or MIM [Alfred MARIE-JEANNE]; Martinique Progressive Party or PPM [Pierre SUEDILE]; Martinique Socialist Party or PMS [Ernest WAN-AJOUHU]; Movement of Democrats and Ecologists for a Sovereign Martinique or Modemas [Garcin MALSA]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Michel CHARLONE]; Socialist Revolution Group or GRS [Philippe PIERRE-CHARLES]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Jean MAREN]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for the US and Europe 
 
 
 MARTINIQUAIS GEOGRAPHY
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
 
Location of Martinique: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago
 
Continent: North America Land Area Total: 1,100 sq km 
Region: Caribbean Land Area Land: 1,060 sq km
Capitol City: Fort-de-France Land Area Water: 40 sq km
      
Latitude: 014 40 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 061 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 350 km 
  
Arable Land: 9.09 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 10.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,397 m Location: Montagne Pelee
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Caribbean Sea
  
Largest City in Martinique: Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: NA
 
Environmental Agreements: NA
 
Irrigated Land: 70
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land
 
Geographical Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano
 
Comparative Area of Martinique: slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC
 
Martinique's Geography: the island is dominated by Mount Pelee, which on 8 May 1902 erupted and completely destroyed the city of Saint Pierre, killing 30,000 inhabitants
 

 MARTINIQUAIS CLIMATE
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid
 
Natural Hazards: hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)
 
 
 MARTINIQUAIS ECONOMY
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GDP and the small industrial sector for 11%. Sugar production has declined, with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism, which employs more than 11,000 people, has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange.
 
 
GDP: $6,117,000,000 USD Currency: euro
GDP per Capita: $14,400 USD Currency Code: EUR
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 6.00 % GDP of Industry: 11.00 %
GDP of Services: 83.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 0.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 27.20 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $317,500,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $317,500,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 1,205,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,120,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 13,800 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $180,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane
 
Primary Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $2,307,000,000 USD - petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
 
Import Partners: France 62%, Venezuela 6%, Germany 4%, Italy 4%, US 3%
 
Export Amount in USD: $404,200,000 USD - refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples
 
Export Partners: France 45%, Guadeloupe 28%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 165,900
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73%
 
  
 MARTINIQUAIS COMMUNICATIONS
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 14 Number of People with Radios: 82,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 11 Number of People with Televisions: 66,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 172,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 319,900
 
Internet Service Providers: 72 Internet Users: 107,000
 
Internet Country Code: .mq Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: MB Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 596 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: domestic facilities are adequate domestic: NA international: country code - 596; microwave radio relay to Guadeloupe, Dominica, and Saint Lucia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 MARTINIQUAIS TRANSPORTATION
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  

   

Highways: 2,105 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Fort-de-France, La Trinite, Marin
 
  
 MARTINIQUAIS PEOPLE
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
 
Population: 436,131 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 13.74 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.48 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.72% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.79 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 48,988 Population Female 0-14: 47,525
Population Male 15-64: 147,082 Population Female 15-64: 146,470
Population Male 65+: 20,791 Population Female 65+: 25,275
 
Population 0-14: 22.10% Literacy Rate: 97.70%
Population 15-64: 67.30% Literacy rate of Males: 97.40%
Population 65+: 10.60% Literacy rate of Females: 98.10%
 
Population that is Male: 51.00 % Population that is Female: 49.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 79.18 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 6.95 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 79.50 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 78.85 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.03
 
Nationality: MARTINIQUAIS
 
Ethnic Groups: African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian and Chinese less than 5% 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French, Creole patois
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 10.5%, Muslim 0.5%, Hindu 0.5%, other 3.5%
 
  
 MARTINIQUAIS MILITARY
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular military forces; Gendarmerie
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 110,536 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 90,868 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 3,105 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 MARTINIQUAIS RESOURCES
  Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
  
Martinique Spa and Resort Directory
 
Martinique Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Martinique Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
Martinique Travel Books
 
Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
French Phrasebooks 
 
Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
Martinique Travel DVD's
Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique Statistics  
Martinique Videos
 

Martinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique StatisticsMartinique Facts |  Department of Martinique Information | Martinique StatisticsSearch Phrasebase