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Mauritania Facts

Mauritania Facts | Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics | Mauritania

Mauritania Facts |  Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics Mauritania Facts |  Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics
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Mauritania Facts |  Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics Mauritania Facts |  Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics
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MAURITANIAN Flag
 
 MAURITANIAN POLITICAL
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Background: Independent from France in 1960, Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976, but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Opposition parties were legalized and a new constitution approved in 1991. Two multiparty presidential elections since then were widely seen as flawed, but October 2001 legislative and municipal elections were generally free and open. Mauritania remains, in reality, a one-party state. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions between its black minority population and the dominant Maur (Arab-Berber) populace.
 
 
Common Name: Mauritania Local Official Name: Muritaniyah
Abbreviated Name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania Official Name: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah
Official Script Name: Mauritania Local Common Name: Mauritania
Former Name: Mauritania Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1960 November 28 (from France)
 
Constitution: 1991 July 12
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 28 November
 
International Organization Participation: ABEDA, ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 12 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 capital district*; Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott*, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: a combination of Shari'a (Islamic law) and French civil law
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA (since 12 December 1984) head of government: Prime Minister Cheikh El Avia Ould Mohamed KHOUNA (since 17 November 1998) cabinet: Council of Ministers elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 12 December 1997 (next to be held NA December 2003); prime minister appointed by the president election results: President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA reelected with 90.9% of the vote Legislative Branch: bicameral legislature consists of the Senate or Majlis al-Shuyukh (56 seats, a part of the seats up for election every two years; members elected by municipal leaders to serve six-year terms) and the National Assembly or Majlis al-Watani (81 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: Senate - last held 17 April 1998 (next to be held NA April 2002); National Assembly - last held 19 and 26 October 2001 (next to be held NA 2006) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PRDS 98%, others 2%; seats by party - PRDS 56; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - PRDS 79%, RDU 3.5%, UDP 3.5%, AC 5%, RDF 4%, UFP 3.5%, FP 1.5%; seats by party - PRDS 64, UDP 3, RDU 3, AC 4, RDF 3, UFP 3,and FP 1 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Court of Appeals; lower courts
 
Party Leaders: Action for Change or AC [Messoud Ould BOULKHEIR]; Alliance for Justice and Democracy or AJD [Kebe ABDOULAYE]; Democratic and Social Republican Party or PRDS (ruling party) [President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA]; Mauritanian Party for Renewal and Concorde or PMRC [Molaye El Hassen Ould JIYID]; National Union for Democracy and Development or UNDD [Tidjane KOITA]; Party for Liberty, Equality and Justice or PLEJ [Daouda M'BAGNIGA]; Popular Front or FP [Ch'bih Ould CHEIKH MALAININE]; Popular Progress Alliance or APP [Mohamed El Hafed Ould ISMAEL]; Popular Social and Democratic Union or UPSD [Mohamed Mahmoud Ould MAH]; Progress Force Union or UFP [Mohamed Ould MAOULOUD]; Rally of Democratic Forces or RDF [Ahmed Ould DADDAH]; Rally for Democracy and Unity or RDU [Ahmed Ould SIDI BABA]; Union for Democracy and Progress or UDP [Naha Mint MOUKNASS] note: the Action for Change party was banned in January 2002; parties legalized by constitution ratified 12 July 1991, however, politics continue to be tribally based
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 MAURITANIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Mauritania: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 1,030,700 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 1,030,400 sq km
Capitol City: Nouakchott Land Area Water: 300 sq km
      
Latitude: 020 00 N Border Boundary Land: 5,074 km
Longitude: 012 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 754 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 910 m Location: Kediet Ijill
Lowest Elevation: -3 m Location: Sebkha de Ndrhamcha
  
Largest City in Mauritania: Nouakchott Nouakchott Largest City Population: 881,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Senegal which is the only perennial river
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 490
 
Bordering Countries: Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km
 
Natural Resources: iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil; fish
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills
 
Comparative Area of Mauritania: slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico
 
Mauritania's Geography: most of the population concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River in the southern part of the country
 

 MAURITANIAN CLIMATE
  Mauritania Facts |  Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics  
 
General Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
 
Natural Hazards: hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts
 
 
 MAURITANIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though most of the nomads and many subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for half of total exports. The decline in world demand for this ore, however, has led to cutbacks in production. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world, but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. In the past, drought and economic mismanagement resulted in a buildup of foreign debt. In February, 2000, Mauritania qualified for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and in December 2001 received strong support from donor and lending countries at a triennial Consultative Group review. Mauritania withdrew its membership in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in 2000 and subsequently increased commercial ties with Arab Maghreb Union members Morocco and Tunisia, most notably in telecommunications. In 2001, exploratory oil wells in tracts 80 km offshore indicated potential viable extraction at current world oil prices. However, the refinery in Nouadhibou historically has not exceeded 20% of its distillation capacity, and it handled no crude in the year 2000. A new Investment Code approved in December 2001 improved the opportunities for direct foreign investment.
 
 
GDP: $5,000,000,000 USD Currency: ouguiya
GDP per Capita: $1,800 USD Currency Code: MRO
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: ouguiyas per US dollar - 254.350 (December 2001), 238.923 (2000), 209.514 (1999), 188.476 (1998), 151.853 (1997), 137.222 (1996)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 25.00 % GDP of Industry: 29.00 %
GDP of Services: 46.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 4.40 % Population in Poverty: 50.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 21.00 % Tourism: 24,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.50 % Budget Revenue in USD: $421,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 30.20 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $378,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 154,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 143,220,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 84.42% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 15.58% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $1,600,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $220,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, dates; cattle, sheep
 
Primary Industries: fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 2.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $335,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
 
Import Partners: France 33%, US 10%, Spain 9%, Algeria 6%, Germany 6%, Benelux 5%
 
Export Amount in USD: $359,000,000 USD - iron ore, fish and fish products, gold
 
Export Partners: France 18%, Japan 16%, Italy 13%, Spain 10%
 
    
GINI Index: 37.30%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 786,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 50%, services 40%, industry 10%
 
  
 MAURITANIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 16 Number of People with Radios: 410,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 98,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 26,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 35,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 5 Internet Users: 7,500
 
Internet Country Code: .mr Newspapers: 1
Two Letter Country Code: MR Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +222 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: limited system of cable and open-wire lines, minor microwave radio relay links, and radiotelephone communications stations (improvements being made) domestic: mostly cable and open-wire lines; a recently completed domestic satellite telecommunications system links Nouakchott with regional capitals international: satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 2 Arabsat
 
  
 MAURITANIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 830 km Railways: 704 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 9 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 5 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Bogue, Kaedi, Nouadhibou, Nouakchott, Rosso
 
  
 MAURITANIAN PEOPLE
  Mauritania Facts |  Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics  
 
Population: 2,828,858 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 42.54 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 3.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 13.34 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.92% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.15 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 653,005 Population Female 0-14: 650,530
Population Male 15-64: 720,473 Population Female 15-64: 741,094
Population Male 65+: 26,251 Population Female 65+: 37,505
 
Population 0-14: 46.10% Literacy Rate: 41.20%
Population 15-64: 51.70% Literacy rate of Males: 51.50%
Population 65+: 2.20% Literacy rate of Females: 31.30%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 51.53 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 75.25 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 49.42 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 53.71 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 1.80% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 6,600
Number of people who died of AIDS: 610
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: MAURITANIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: mixed Maur/black 40%, Maur 30%, black 30% 
 
  
Primary Language: Hassaniya Arabic
 
Other Languages: Hassaniya Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (official), French
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim 100%
 
  
 MAURITANIAN MILITARY
  Mauritania Facts |  Islamic Republic of Mauritania Information | Mauritania Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, National Gendarmerie, National Guard, National Police, Presidential Guard
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 644,294 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 312,276 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $37,100,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 3.70
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 MAURITANIAN RESOURCES
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