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Mauritius Facts

Mauritius Facts | Republic of Mauritius Information | Mauritius Statistics | Mauritius

Mauritius Facts |  Republic of Mauritius Information | Mauritius Statistics Mauritius Facts |  Republic of Mauritius Information | Mauritius Statistics
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Mauritius Facts |  Republic of Mauritius Information | Mauritius Statistics Mauritius Facts |  Republic of Mauritius Information | Mauritius Statistics
Mauritius Map
 
MAURITIAN Flag
 
 MAURITIAN POLITICAL
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Background: Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather and declining sugar prices have slowed economic growth leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.
 
 
Common Name: Mauritius Local Official Name: Mauritius
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Mauritius Official Name: Mauritius
Official Script Name: Mauritius Local Common Name: Mauritius
Former Name: Mauritius Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Karl OFFMANN
 
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: 1968 March 12 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1968 March 12 (amended 12 March 1992)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 12 March
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Karl OFFMANN (since 25 February 2002) and Vice President Raouf BUNDHUN (since 25 February 2002) head of government: Prime Minister Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 17 September 2000) and Deputy Prime Minister Paul BERENGER (since 17 September 2000) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms; election last held 25 February 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly election results: Karl OFFMANN elected president and Raouf BUNDHUN elected vice president; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NA% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly (66 seats; 62 elected by popular vote, 4 appointed by the election commission from the losing political parties to give representation to various ethnic minorities; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held on 11 September 2000 (next to be held by September 2005) election results: percent of vote by party - MSM/MMM 52.3%, MLP/PMSD 36.9%, OPR 10.8%; seats by party - MSM/MMM 54, MLP/PMSD 6, OPR 2 Jidicial Branch: Supreme Court
 
Party Leaders: Hizbullah [Cehl Mohamed FAKEEMEEAH]; Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER] - in coalition with MSM; Mauritian Militant Renaissance or MMR [Dr. Paramhansa NABABSING]; Mauritian Social Democrat Party or PMSD [Charles Xavier-Luc DUVAL]; Militant Socialist Movement or MSM [Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH] - governing party; Rodrigues Movement or OPR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]
 
International Disputes: Mauritius claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory), and its former inhabitants, who reside chiefly in Mauritius, but were granted UK citizenship and the right to repatriation in 2001; claims French-administered Tromelin Island
 
Illicit Drugs: minor consumer and transshipment point for heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally 
 
 
 MAURITIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Mauritius: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 2,040 sq km 
Region: Eastern African Land Area Land: 2,030 sq km
Capitol City: Port Louis Land Area Water: 10 sq km
      
Latitude: 020 17 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 057 33 E Border Boundary Coastline: 177 km 
  
Arable Land: 49.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 3.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 828 m Location: Mont Piton
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Indian Ocean
  
Largest City in Mauritius: Port Louis Port Louis Largest City Population: 172,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: water pollution, degradation of coral reefs
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 200
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: arable land, fish
 
Geographical Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
 
Comparative Area of Mauritius: almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Mauritius's Geography: the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs
 

 MAURITIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
 
Natural Hazards: cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
 
 
 MAURITIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much improved infrastructure. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 25% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on foreign investment. Mauritius has attracted more than 9,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India and South Africa, and investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector and responsible fiscal management, was well-poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
 
 
GDP: $12,900,000,000 USD Currency: Mauritian rupee
GDP per Capita: $10,800 USD Currency Code: MUR
GDP Growth Rate: 5.20 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Mauritian rupees per US dollar - 30.345 (January 2002), 29.129 (2001), 26.250 (2000), 25.186 (1999), 22.993 (1998), 21.057 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 6.00 % GDP of Industry: 33.00 %
GDP of Services: 61.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 4.20 % Population in Poverty: 10.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 8.60 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,100,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,200,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 1,285,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,195,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 91.05% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 8.95% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $2,300,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $42,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
 
Primary Industries: food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing; chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery; tourism
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 8.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $2,000,000,000 USD - manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
 
Import Partners: South Africa 20.0%, France 19.0%, India 9.0%, Hong Kong 5.2%, UK
 
Export Amount in USD: $1,600,000,000 USD - clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses
 
Export Partners: UK 25.8%, France 20.8%, US 16.0%, South Africa 10.9%, Germany, Italy
 
    
GINI Index: 0.37%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 514,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: construction and industry 36%, services 24%, agriculture and fishing 14%, trade, restaurants, hotels 16%, transportation and communication 7%, finance 3%
 
  
 MAURITIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 16 Number of People with Radios: 420,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 258,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 245,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 60,482
 
Internet Service Providers: 2 Internet Users: 87,000
 
Internet Country Code: .mu Newspapers: 76
Two Letter Country Code: MU Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +230 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: small system with good service domestic: primarily microwave radio relay international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries
 
  
 MAURITIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 1,786 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 100 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 66,004 GRT/90,017 DWT ships by type: cargo 2, combination bulk 2, container 2, refrigerated cargo 2 note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience:, Belgium 1, India 3, Norway 1, Switzerland 2
 
Ports and Harbors: Port Louis
 
  
 MAURITIAN PEOPLE
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Population: 1,200,206 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 16.34 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 576.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.81 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.86% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.00 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 153,810 Population Female 0-14: 150,464
Population Male 15-64: 409,028 Population Female 15-64: 411,070
Population Male 65+: 30,170 Population Female 65+: 45,664
 
Population 0-14: 25.40% Literacy Rate: 82.90%
Population 15-64: 63.80% Literacy rate of Males: 87.10%
Population 65+: 6.30% Literacy rate of Females: 78.80%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 71.53 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 16.65 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 67.54 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 75.58 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.08% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.92
 
Nationality: MAURITIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2% 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official), Creole, French (official), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri
 
 
Primary Religion: Hindu
 
Other Religions: Hindu 52%, Christian 28.3% (Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 2.3%), Muslim 16.6%, other 3.1%
 
  
 MAURITIAN MILITARY
  Mauritius Facts |  Republic of Mauritius Information | Mauritius Statistics  
  
Branches: National Police Force (includes the paramilitary Special Mobile Force or SMF and National Coast Guard)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 340,050 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 171,239 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $9,100,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.20
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 MAURITIAN RESOURCES
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