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Micronesia Facts

Micronesia Facts | Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics | Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts

Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics
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MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP Flag
 
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP POLITICAL
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  
Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
 
 
Common Name: Micronesia Local Official Name: Micronesia
Abbreviated Name: Federated States of Micronesia Official Name: Micronesia
Official Script Name: Micronesia Local Common Name: FSM
Former Name: Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL
 
Government Type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004
 
Independence: 1986 November 3 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeshi
 
Constitution: 1979 May 10
 
National Holiday: Constitution Day, 10 May
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
 
Administrative Divisions: 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 May 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 May 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 May 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 May 2003) cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 11 May 2003 (next to be held May 2007); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed election results: Joseph J. URUSEMAL elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA% Legislative Branch: unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote) elections: elections for four-year term seats last held 4 March 2003 (next to be held March 2007); elections for two-year term seats last held 8 March 2005 (next to be held March 2007) election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court
 
Party Leaders: no formal parties
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP GEOGRAPHY
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  
 
Location of Micronesia: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 702 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 702 sq km
Capitol City: Palikir Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 006 55 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 158 15 E Border Boundary Coastline: 6,112 km 
  
Arable Land: 5.71 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 45.71 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 791 m Location: Dolohmwar (Totolom)
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Micronesia: Palikir Palikir Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 27
 
Environmental Issues: overfishing, climate change, pollution
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
 
Geographical Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
 
Comparative Area of Micronesia: four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
 
Micronesia's Geography: four major island groups totaling 607 islands
 

 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP CLIMATE
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
 
Natural Hazards: typhoons (June to December)
 
 
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP ECONOMY
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. The Amended Compact of Free Association with the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars in annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions in order to provide annual payouts to the FSM in perpetuity after 2023. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the slow growth of the private sector.
 
 
GDP: $277,000,000 USD Currency: US dollar
GDP per Capita: $2,300 USD Currency Code: USD
GDP Growth Rate: 0.30 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: the US dollar is used
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 28.90 % GDP of Industry: 15.20 %
GDP of Services: 55.90 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.20 % Population in Poverty: 26.70 %
Unemployment Rate: 22.00 % Tourism: 11,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $127,300,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $144,200,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 192,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 178,600,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $60,800,000 USD Received in economic aid: $1,386,300,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish
 
Primary Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $132,700,000 USD - food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
 
Import Partners: US, Japan, Hong Kong
 
Export Amount in USD: $14,000,000 USD - fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
 
Export Partners: Japan, US, Guam
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 37,410
 
Labor Force by Occupations: note: 0.9% two-thirds are government employees, 34.4%, 64.7%
 
  
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP COMMUNICATIONS
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 6 Number of People with Radios: 9,400
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 2,800
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 12,400 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 14,100
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 2,000
 
Internet Country Code: .fm Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: FM Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 691 Electricity Voltage: 120 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: adequate system domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
 
  
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP TRANSPORTATION
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  

   

Highways: 42 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 6 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 141,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,423 GRT/1,551 DWT by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Tomil Harbor
 
  
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP PEOPLE
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  
 
Population: 108,004 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 24.68 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 156.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.75 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: -0.11% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.16 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 20,116 Population Female 0-14: 19,391
Population Male 15-64: 32,620 Population Female 15-64: 32,659
Population Male 65+: 1,413 Population Female 65+: 1,805
 
Population 0-14: 36.60% Literacy Rate: 89.00%
Population 15-64: 60.40% Literacy rate of Males: 91.00%
Population 65+: 3.00% Literacy rate of Females: 88.00%
 
Population that is Male: 0.00 % Population that is Female: 0.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 70.05 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 29.16 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 68.24 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 71.95 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -21.03
 
Nationality: MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP
 
Ethnic Groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other 3%
 
  
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP MILITARY
  Micronesia Facts |  Federated States of Micronesia Information | Micronesia Statistics  
  
Branches: no ministry of defense and no standing armed forces; the paramilitary Maritime Wing, a small maritime law enforcement unit, is responsible to the Division of Maritime Surveillance within the Office of the Attorney General Note: defense is the responsibility of the US
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 23,816 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18,914 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 1,305 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 MICRONESIAN; CHUUKESE, KOSRAE, POHNP RESOURCES
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