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Monaco Facts

Monaco Facts | Principality of Monaco Information | Monaco Statistics | Monaco

Monaco Facts |  Principality of Monaco Information | Monaco Statistics Monaco Facts |  Principality of Monaco Information | Monaco Statistics
Europe Continent
 
Medditeranean Map
 
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Monaco Map
 
MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN Flag
 
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN POLITICAL
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Background: The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present-day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family secured control in the late 13th century, and a principality was established in 1338. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.
 
 
Common Name: Monaco Local Official Name: Monaco
Abbreviated Name: Principality of Monaco Official Name: Principaute de Monaco
Official Script Name: Monaco Local Common Name: Monaco
Former Name: Monaco Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Prince ALBERT II
 
Government Type: constitutional monarchy
 
Independence: 1419 (beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi)
 
Constitution: 1962 December 17
 
National Holiday: National Day (Prince of Monaco Holiday), 19 November
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, CE, FAO, IAEA, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO
 
Administrative Divisions: none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four quarters (quartiers, singular - quartier); Fontvieille, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Prince ALBERT II (since 6 April 2005) head of government: Minister of State Jean-Paul PROUST (since 1 June 2005) cabinet: Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; minister of state appointed by the monarch from a list of three French national candidates presented by the French Government Legislative Branch: unicameral National Council or Conseil National (24 seats; 16 members elected by list majority system, 8 by proportional representation; to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 9 February 2003 (next to be held February 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UNAM 21, UND 3 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Tribunal Supreme (judges appointed by the monarch on the basis of nominations by the National Council)
 
Party Leaders: National and Democratic Union or UND [Guy MAGNAN]; Union for Monaco or UPM (including National Union for the Future of Monaco or UNAM)
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Monaco: Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 1 sq km 
Region: Medditeranean Land Area Land: 1 sq km
Capitol City: Monaco Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 043 44 N Border Boundary Land: 4 km
Longitude: 007 24 E Border Boundary Coastline: 4 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 140 m Location: Mont Agel
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Mediterranean Sea
  
Largest City in Monaco: Monaco Monaco Largest City Population: 33,000
  
Threatened Species: 9
 
Environmental Issues: NA
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: France 4.4 km
 
Natural Resources: NA
 
Geographical Terrain: hilly, rugged, rocky
 
Comparative Area of Monaco: about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
 
Monaco's Geography: second-smallest independent state in the world (after Holy See); almost entirely urban
 

 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
 
Natural Hazards: NA
 
 
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Monaco, bordering France on the Mediterranean coast, is a popular resort, attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. In 2001, a major construction project extended the pier used by cruise ships in the main harbor. The principality has successfully sought to diversify into services and small, high-value-added, nonpolluting industries. The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. The state retains monopolies in a number of sectors, including tobacco, the telephone network, and the postal service. Living standards are high, roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan areas.
 
 
GDP: $870,000,000 USD Currency: euro
GDP per Capita: $27,000 USD Currency Code: EUR
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 17.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.90 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 22.00 % Tourism: 278,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $719,200,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $864,100,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 0 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 0 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $18,000,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: NA
 
Primary Industries: tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $636,600,000 USD - NA
 
Import Partners: NA
 
Export Amount in USD: $656,500,000 USD - NA
 
Export Partners: NA
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 41,110
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 9 Number of People with Radios: 34,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 5 Number of People with Televisions: 25,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 31,027 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 0
 
Internet Service Providers: 716 Internet Users: 16,000
 
Internet Country Code: .mc Newspapers: 251
Two Letter Country Code: MC Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 377 Electricity Voltage: 127/220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern automatic telephone system domestic: NA international: country code - 377; no satellite earth stations; connected by cable into the French communications system
 
  
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 50 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 0 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 138,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: registered in other countries: 77 (Bahamas 17, Barbados 1, Bermuda 2, France 1, Georgia 13, Isle of Man 3, Liberia 10, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 8, Norway 4, Panama 9, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4, Switzerland 2, unknown 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Monaco
 
  
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN PEOPLE
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Population: 32,543 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 9.19 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 23,090.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 12.91 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.40% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.76 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 2,539 Population Female 0-14: 2,417
Population Male 15-64: 9,959 Population Female 15-64: 10,266
Population Male 65+: 3,015 Population Female 65+: 4,347
 
Population 0-14: 15.20% Literacy Rate: 99.00%
Population 15-64: 62.10% Literacy rate of Males: 99.00%
Population 65+: 22.60% Literacy rate of Females: 99.00%
 
Population that is Male: 45.50 % Population that is Female: 54.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 79.69 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 5.35 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 75.85 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 83.74 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 7.68
 
Nationality: MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN
 
Ethnic Groups: French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21% 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 90%
 
  
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN MILITARY
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Branches: defense is the responsibility of France; the Palace Guard performs ceremonial duties
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 MONEGASQUE OR MONACAN RESOURCES
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