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Montserrat Facts

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Background: English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possesion of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003.
Common Name: Montserrat Local Official Name: Montserrat
Abbreviated Name: Montserrat Official Name: Montserrat
Official Script Name: Montserrat Local Common Name: Montserrat
Former Name: Montserrat Territory of: UK
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
Government Type: overseas territory of the UK
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Constitution: present constitution came into force 1989 December 19
National Holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June
International Organization Participation: Caricom, CDB, ICFTU, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
Administrative Divisions: 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter
Dependent Areas: overseas territory of the UK
Legal System: English common law and statutory law
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Deborah BARNES-JONES (since 10 May 2004) head of government: Chief Minister Lowell LEWIS (since 2 June 2006) cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, three other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes chief minister Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats, 9 popularly elected; members serve five-year terms) note: expanded in 2001 from 7 to 9 elected members with attorney general and financial secretary sitting as ex-officio members elections: last held 31 May 2006 (next to be held by 2011) election results: percent of vote by party - MCAP 36.1%, NPLM 29.4%, MDP 24.4%, independents 10.1%; seats by party - MCAP 4, NPLM 3, MDP 1, independents 1 note: in 2001, the Elections Commission instituted a single constituency/voter-at-large system whereby all eligible voters cast ballots for all nine seats of the Legislative Council Judicial Branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia, one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the High Court)
Party Leaders: Montserrat Democratic Party or MDP [Lowell LEWIS]; Movement for Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Roselyn CASSELL-SEALY]; New People's Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]
International Disputes: NA
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe 
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Location of Montserrat: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Continent: North America Land Area Total: 102 sq km 
Region: Caribbean Land Area Land: 102 sq km
Capitol City: Plymouth Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 016 45 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 062 12 W Border Boundary Coastline: 40 km 
Arable Land: 20.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 930 m Location: lava dome in English's Crater
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Caribbean Sea
Largest City in Montserrat: Largest City Population: 0
Threatened Species: 0
Environmental Issues: land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation
Environmental Agreements: NA
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: NA
Natural Resources: NEGL
Geographical Terrain: volcanic islands, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland
Comparative Area of Montserrat: about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Montserrat's Geography: the island is entirely volcanic in origin and comprised of three major volcanic centers of differing ages

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General Climate: tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Natural Hazards: severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1996)
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Economic Overview: Severe volcanic activity, which began in July 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. A catastrophic eruption in June 1997 closed the airports and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. Some began to return in 1998, but lack of housing limited the number. The agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land for farming and the destruction of crops. Prospects for the economy depend largely on developments in relation to the volcanic activity and on public sector construction activity. The UK has launched a three-year $122.8 million aid program to help reconstruct the economy. Half of the island is expected to remain uninhabitable for another decade.
GDP: $29,000,000 USD Currency: East Caribbean dollar
GDP per Capita: $3,400 USD Currency Code: XCD
GDP Growth Rate: -1.00 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002), 2.7 (2001) note: fixed rate since 1976
GDP of Agriculture: 5.40 % GDP of Industry: 13.60 %
GDP of Services: 81.00 %  
Inflation Rate: 2.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 6.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $31,400,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $31,600,000 USD
Electricity Production: 2,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,860,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 380 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $8,900,000 USD Received in economic aid: $122,800,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock products
Primary Industries: tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $17,000,000 USD - machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials
Import Partners: US, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, Canada
Export Amount in USD: $700,000 USD - electronic components, plastic bags, apparel, hot peppers, live plants, cattle
Export Partners: US, Antigua and Barbuda
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 4,521
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Radios: 7,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 3,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 4,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 70
Internet Service Providers: 386 Internet Users: 0
Internet Country Code: .ms Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: MH Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 1-664 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern and fully digitalized domestic: NA international: country code - 1-664
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Highways: 227 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: Plymouth
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Population: 9,439 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 17.59 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.10 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.05% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.77 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 1,125 Population Female 0-14: 1,079
Population Male 15-64: 2,957 Population Female 15-64: 3,245
Population Male 65+: 532 Population Female 65+: 501
Population 0-14: 23.30% Literacy Rate: 97.00%
Population 15-64: 65.70% Literacy rate of Males: 97.00%
Population 65+: 10.90% Literacy rate of Females: 97.00%
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 78.85 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 7.19 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 76.67 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 81.14 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 74.20
Ethnic Groups: black, white 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: English
Primary Religion: Anglican
Other Religions: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations
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Branches: no regular military forces; Royal Montserrat Police Force Note : defense is the responsibility of the UK
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 2,298 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,899 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 84 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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