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Namibia Facts

Namibia Facts | Republic of Namibia Information | Namibia Statistics | German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa

Namibia Facts |  Republic of Namibia Information | Namibia Statistics Namibia Facts |  Republic of Namibia Information | Namibia Statistics
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Namibia Facts |  Republic of Namibia Information | Namibia Statistics Namibia Facts |  Republic of Namibia Information | Namibia Statistics
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NAMIBIAN Flag
 
 NAMIBIAN POLITICAL
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Background: South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Independence came in 1990.
 
 
Common Name: Namibia Local Official Name: Namibia
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Namibia Official Name: Namibia
Official Script Name: Namibia Local Common Name: Namibia
Former Name: German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1990 March 21 (from South African mandate)
 
Constitution: ratified 1990 February 9 (effective 1990 March 12)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 21 March
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 13 regions; Caprivi, Erongo, Hardap, Karas, Khomas, Kunene, Ohangwena, Okavango, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Roman-Dutch law and 1990 constitution
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA (since 21 March 1990); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA (since 21 March 1990); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 30 November-1 December 1999 (next to be held NA 2004) election results: Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA elected president; percent of vote - Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA 77% Legislative Branch: bicameral legislature consists of the National Council (26 seats; two members are chosen from each regional council to serve six-year terms) and the National Assembly (72 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: National Council - elections for regional councils, to determine members of the National Council, held 30 November-1 December 1998 (next to be held by December 2004); National Assembly - last held 30 November-1 December 1999 (next to be held by December 2004) note: the National Council is primarily an advisory body election results: National Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SWAPO 21, DTA 4, UDF 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - SWAPO 76%, COD 10%, DTA 9%, UDF 3%, MAG 1%, other 1%; seats by party - SWAPO 55, COD 7, DTA 7, UDF 2, MAG 1, Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission)
 
Party Leaders: Congress of Democrats or COD [Ben ULENGA]; Democratic Turnhalle Alliance of Namibia or DTA [Katuutire KAURA, president]; Monitor Action Group or MAG [Kosie PRETORIUS]; South West Africa People's Organization or SWAPO [Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Justus GAROEB]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 NAMIBIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Namibia: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 825,418 sq km 
Region: Southern African Land Area Land: 825,418 sq km
Capitol City: Windhoek Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 022 00 S Border Boundary Land: 3,936 km
Longitude: 017 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,572 km 
  
Arable Land: 1.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,606 m Location: Konigstein
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Namibia: Windhoek Windhoek Largest City Population: 202,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 70
 
Bordering Countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 967 km, Zambia 233 km
 
Natural Resources: diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, hydropower, fish note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
 
Comparative Area of Namibia: slightly more than half the size of Alaska
 
Namibia's Geography: first country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip
 

 NAMIBIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
 
Natural Hazards: prolonged periods of drought
 
 
 NAMIBIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals for export. Mining accounts for 20% of GDP. Namibia is the fourth-largest exporter of nonfuel minerals in Africa and the world's fifth-largest producer of uranium. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source for gem-quality diamonds. Namibia also produces large quantities of lead, zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten. About half of the population depends on agriculture (largely subsistence agriculture) for its livelihood. Namibia must import some of its food. Although per capita GDP is five times the per capita GDP of Africa's poorest countries, the majority of Namibia's people live in pronounced poverty because of large-scale unemployment, the great inequality of income distribution, and the large amount of wealth going to foreigners. The Namibian economy has close links to South Africa. Agreement has been reached on the privatization of several more enterprises in coming years, which should stimulate long-run foreign investment.
 
 
GDP: $8,100,000,000 USD Currency: Namibian dollar; South African rand
GDP per Capita: $4,500 USD Currency Code: NAD;
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Namibian dollars per US dollar - 11.58786 (January 2002), 8.60918 (2001), 6.93983 (2000), 6.10948 (1999), 5.52828 (1998), 4.60796 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 11.00 % GDP of Industry: 28.00 %
GDP of Services: 61.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 8.80 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 30.00 % Tourism: 614,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $883,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $950,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 30,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 890,800,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 863,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 2.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 98.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $217,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $127,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: millet, sorghum, peanuts; livestock; fish
 
Primary Industries: meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamond, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1,710,000,000 USD - foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals
 
Import Partners: South Africa 81%, US 4%, Germany 2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $1,580,000,000 USD - diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, processed fish, karakul skins
 
Export Partners: UK 43%, South Africa 26%, Spain 14%, France 8%, Japan
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 500,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 47%, industry 20%, services 33%
 
  
 NAMIBIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 45 Number of People with Radios: 232,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Televisions: 60,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 110,200 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 82,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 2 Internet Users: 30,000
 
Internet Country Code: .na Newspapers: 19
Two Letter Country Code: NA Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +264 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: good system; about 6 telephones for each 100 persons domestic: good urban services; fair rural service; microwave radio relay links major towns; connections to other populated places are by open wire; 100% digital international: fiber-optic cable to South Africa, microwave radio relay link to Botswana, direct links to other neighboring countries; connected to Africa ONE and South African Far East (SAFE) submarine cables through South Africa; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat
 
  
 NAMIBIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 5,378 km Railways: 2,382 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 22 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Luderitz, Walvis Bay
 
  
 NAMIBIAN PEOPLE
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Population: 1,820,916 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 34.17 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 2.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 22.28 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.19% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.77 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 392,706 Population Female 0-14: 382,690
Population Male 15-64: 490,151 Population Female 15-64: 488,052
Population Male 65+: 29,345 Population Female 65+: 37,972
 
Population 0-14: 42.60% Literacy Rate: 38.00%
Population 15-64: 53.70% Literacy rate of Males: 45.00%
Population 65+: 3.70% Literacy rate of Females: 31.00%
 
Population that is Male: 50.00 % Population that is Female: 50.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 38.97 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 72.43 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 40.81 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 37.07 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 19.54% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 160,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 18,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: NAMIBIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5% note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5% 
 
  
Primary Language: Afrikaans
 
Other Languages: English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
 
  
 NAMIBIAN MILITARY
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Branches: National Defense Force (Army, including Air Wing), Police
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 436,642 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 260,879 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $104,400,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.60
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 NAMIBIAN RESOURCES
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