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Nauru Facts

Nauru Facts | Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics | Pleasant Island

Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics
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  Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics  
Background: The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear, since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. The island was annexed by Germany in 1888 and its phosphate deposits began to be mined early in the 20th century by a German-British consortium. Nauru was occupied by Australian forces in World War I and subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved its independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.
Common Name: Nauru Local Official Name: Nauru
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Nauru Official Name: Nauru
Official Script Name: Nauru Local Common Name: Nauru
Former Name: Pleasant Island Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Rene HARRIS
Government Type: republic
Independence: 1968 January 31 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-admin
Constitution: 1968 January 29
National Holiday: Independence Day, 31 January
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, ICAO, ICCt, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
Administrative Divisions: 14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: acts of the Nauru Parliament and British common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 20 years of age years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Ludwig SCOTTY (since 26 October 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Ludwig SCOTTY (since 26 October 2004) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of Parliament elections: president elected by Parliament for a three-year term; election last held 23 October 2004 (next to be held NA 2007) election results: Ludwig SCOTTY was unopposed in the parliamentary elections for president Legislative Branch: unicameral Parliament (18 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms) elections: last held 3 May 2003 (next to be held not later than May 2006) election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - Nauru First Party 3, independents 15 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court
Party Leaders: loose multiparty system; Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party (informal); Nauru First (Naoero Amo) Party
International Disputes: NA
Illicit Drugs: NA 
  Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics  
Location of Nauru: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 21 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 21 sq km
Capitol City: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 000 32 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 166 55 E Border Boundary Coastline: 30 km 
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 61 m Location: unnamed location along plateau rim
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
Largest City in Nauru: Nauru Nauru Largest City Population: 11,000
Threatened Species: 4
Environmental Issues: limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: NA
Natural Resources: phosphates, fish
Geographical Terrain: sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center
Comparative Area of Nauru: about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Nauru's Geography: Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator

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General Climate: tropical; monsoonal; rainy season (November to February)
Natural Hazards: periodic droughts
  Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics  
Economic Overview: Revenues of this tiny island have traditionally come from exports of phosphates, now significantly depleted. An Australian company in 2005 entered into an agreement intended to exploit remaining supplies. Few other resources exist with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faces virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. In 2005, the deterioration in housing, hospitals, and other capital plant continued, and the cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continued to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist, with estimates of Nauru's GDP varying widely.
GDP: $60,000,000 USD Currency: Australian dollar
GDP per Capita: $5,000 USD Currency Code: AUD
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002), 1.9334 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 0.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
Inflation Rate: -3.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 90.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $13,500,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $13,500,000 USD
Electricity Production: 23,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 21,390,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 1,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $33,300,000 USD Received in economic aid: $20,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: coconuts
Primary Industries: phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $20,000,000 USD - food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery
Import Partners: South Korea 43.8%, Australia 36.2%, US 5.9%, Germany 4.3%
Export Amount in USD: $64,000 USD - phosphates
Export Partners: South Africa 63.7%, South Korea 7.6%, Canada 6.6%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 0
Labor Force by Occupations: note: 0.1% employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation
  Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Radios: 7,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 500
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,900 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,500
Internet Service Providers: 52 Internet Users: 300
Internet Country Code: .nr Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: NR Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 674 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: adequate local and international radiotelephone communication provided via Australian facilities domestic: NA international: country code - 674; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
  Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics  


Highways: 24 km Railways: 5 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 139,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 12.60 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: Nauru
  Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics  
Population: 13,287 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 24.76 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 622.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.70 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.81% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.11 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 2,507 Population Female 0-14: 2,391
Population Male 15-64: 4,004 Population Female 15-64: 4,123
Population Male 65+: 139 Population Female 65+: 123
Population 0-14: 36.90% Literacy Rate: 0.00%
Population 15-64: 61.20% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 2.00% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 63.08 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 9.78 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 59.50 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 66.84 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
Nationality: NAURUAN
Ethnic Groups: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8% 
Primary Language: Nauruan
Other Languages: Nauruan (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes
Primary Religion: Christian
Other Religions: Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)
  Nauru Facts |  Republic of Nauru Information | Nauru Statistics  
Branches: no regular military forces; Nauru Police Force Note:Nauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 2,874 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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