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Netherlands Facts

Netherlands Facts | Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics | Netherlands

Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics
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 DUTCH POLITICAL
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  
Background: The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Spain in 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, with settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, a Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999.
 
 
Common Name: Netherlands Local Official Name: Nederland
Abbreviated Name: Kingdom of the Netherlands Official Name: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Official Script Name: Netherlands Local Common Name: Netherlands
Former Name: Netherlands Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Queen BEATRIX
 
Government Type: constitutional monarchy
 
Independence: 1579 (from Spain); note - the northern provinces of the Low Country concluded the Union of Utrecht, but it was 1648 before Spain finally recognized their independence
 
Constitution: adopted 1815; amended many times, last time 1983 February 17
 
National Holiday: Queen's Day , 30 April
 
International Organization Participation: AfDB, Arctic Council (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CBSS (observer), CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
 
Administrative Divisions: 12 provinces (provincies, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland (Fryslan), Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland
 
Dependent Areas: Aruba, Netherlands Antilles
 
Legal System: civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen BEATRIX (since 30 April 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 April 1967), son of the monarch head of government: Prime Minister Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since 22 July 2002) and Deputy Prime Ministers Gerrit ZALM (since 27 May 2003) and Laurens Jan BRINKHORST (since 31 March 2005); note - Prime Minister BALKENENDE tendered his resignation on 30 June 2006 cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; vice prime ministers appointed by the monarch note: there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, and councilors that provides consultations to the cabinet on legislative and administrative policy] Legislative Branch: bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils for four-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: First Chamber - last held 25 May 2003 (next to be held May 2007); Second Chamber - last held 22 January 2003 (next to be held 22 November 2006) election results: First Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDA 23, PvdA 19, VVD 15, Green Party 5, Socialist Party 4, D66 3, other 6; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - CDA 28.6%, PvdA 27.3%, VVD 12.9%, Socialist Party 6.3%, List Pim Fortuyn 5.7%, Green Party 5.1%, D66 4.1%; seats by party - CDA 44, PvdA 42, VVD 28, Socialist Party 9, List Pim Fortuyn 8, Green Party 8, D66 6, other 5 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (justices are nominated for life by the monarch)
 
Party Leaders: Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Ernst Hirsch BALLIN]; Christian Union Party [Andre ROUVOET]; Democrats 66 or D66 [Lousewies VAN DER LAAN]; Green Party [Femke HALSEMA]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wouter BOS]; List Pim Fortuyn [Ton VAN DILLEN]; People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) or VVD [Pieter WINSEMIUS]; Socialist Party [Jan MARIJNISSEN]; plus a few minor parties
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: major European producer of ecstasy, illicit amphetamines, and other synthetic drugs; important gateway for cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering 
 
 
 DUTCH GEOGRAPHY
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  
 
Location of Netherlands: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 41,526 sq km 
Region: Western Europe Land Area Land: 33,883 sq km
Capitol City: Amsterdam Land Area Water: 7,643 sq km
      
Latitude: 052 30 N Border Boundary Land: 1,027 km
Longitude: 005 45 E Border Boundary Coastline: 451 km 
  
Arable Land: 21.96 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.77 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 322 m Location: Vaalserberg
Lowest Elevation: -7 m Location: Zuidplaspolder
  
Largest City in Netherlands: Amsterdam Amsterdam Largest City Population: 1,137,000
  
Threatened Species: 28
 
Environmental Issues: water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
 
Irrigated Land: 5,650
 
Bordering Countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km
 
Natural Resources: natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
 
Comparative Area of Netherlands: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
 
Netherlands's Geography: located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
 

 DUTCH CLIMATE
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  
 
General Climate: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
 
Natural Hazards: flooding
 
 
 DUTCH ECONOMY
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The Netherlands has a prosperous and open economy, which depends heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted for stable industrial relations, moderate unemployment and inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub. Industrial activity is predominantly in food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs no more than 2% of the labor force but provides large surpluses for the food-processing industry and for exports. The Netherlands, along with 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency on 1 January 2002. The country continues to be one of the leading European nations for attracting foreign direct investment. Economic growth slowed considerably in 2001-05, as part of the global economic slowdown, but for the four years before that, annual growth averaged nearly 4%, well above the EU average.
 
 
GDP: $497,900,000,000 USD Currency: euro
GDP per Capita: $30,300 USD Currency Code: EUR
GDP Growth Rate: 1.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 2.00 % GDP of Industry: 19.00 %
GDP of Services: 79.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.70 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 6.60 % Tourism: 9,881,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.50 % Budget Revenue in USD: $291,800,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 22.90 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $303,700,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 95,000,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 3,800,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 101,600,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 20,800,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 90.27% Nuclear Electricity Production: 4.24%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.16% Other Electricity Production: 5.33%
   
Oil Production: 94,870 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 73,130,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 920,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 50,400,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 1,418,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 49,280,000,000 cu m
Oil Imports: 2,284,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 20,780,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 88,060,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 1,756,000,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $1,645,000,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $4,000,000,000 USD
   
Agricultural Products: grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
 
Primary Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: -1.40 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $326,600,000,000 USD - machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing
 
Import Partners: Germany 16.6%, Belgium 9.3%, China 8.8%, US 7.6%, UK 5.8%, France 4.7%, Russia 4.4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $365,100,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
 
Export Partners: Germany 24.9%, Belgium 13%, France 9.4%, UK 9.1%, Italy 5.7%, US 4.3%, Spain 4.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 30.90%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 7,530,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: services 79%, industry 19%, agriculture 2%
 
  
 DUTCH COMMUNICATIONS
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 253 Number of People with Radios: 15,300,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 21 Number of People with Televisions: 8,100,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 7,600,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 15,834,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 6,781,729 Internet Users: 10,806,328
 
Internet Country Code: .nl Newspapers: 306
Two Letter Country Code: NL Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 31 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: highly developed and well maintained domestic: extensive fixed-line fiber-optic network; cellular telephone system is one of the largest in Europe with five major network operators utilizing the third generation of the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) international: country code - 31; 9 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2 Atlantic Ocean), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions)
 
  
 DUTCH TRANSPORTATION
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  

   

Highways: 104,850 km Railways: 2,808 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 8,882 km Waterways: 6,183 km
Airports: 20 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 440 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 181,370,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 10.40 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 558 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,042,775 GRT/5,016,265 DWT by type: bulk carrier 29, cargo 345, chemical tanker 29, container 59, liquefied gas 12, passenger 14, passenger/cargo 14, petroleum tanker 16, refrigerated cargo 19, roll on/roll off 18, specialized tanker 3 foreign-owned: 157 (Australia 1, Belgium 2, Denmark 9, Finland 13, Germany 56, Ireland 10, Netherlands Antilles 1, Norway 7, Sweden 26, UK 19, US 13) registered in other countries: 222 (Antigua and Barbuda 14, Australia 2, Austria 2, Bahamas 24, Canada 1, Cayman Islands 4, Cyprus 18, Gibraltar 5, Isle of Man 1, Liberia 29, Luxembourg 2, Malta 6, Marshall Islands 1, Netherlands Antilles 54, Norway 3, Panama 21, Philippines 19, Portugal 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Singapore 2, UK 3, US 4, unknown 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Amsterdam, Groningen, IJmuiden, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Vlissingen, Zaanstad
 
  
 DUTCH PEOPLE
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  
 
Population: 16 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 10.90 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 395.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.68 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.49% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.66 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,515,123 Population Female 0-14: 1,445,390
Population Male 15-64: 5,656,448 Population Female 15-64: 5,525,481
Population Male 65+: 994,723 Population Female 65+: 1,354,296
 
Population 0-14: 18.00% Literacy Rate: 99.00%
Population 15-64: 67.80% Literacy rate of Males: 99.00%
Population 65+: 14.20% Literacy rate of Females: 99.00%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 72.96 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 4.96 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 76.39 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 81.59 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.20% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 19,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 2.72
 
Nationality: DUTCH
 
Ethnic Groups: Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese, and Indonesians) 
 
  
Primary Language: Dutch
 
Other Languages: Dutch (official), Frisian (official)
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41%
 
  
 DUTCH MILITARY
  Netherlands Facts |  Kingdom of the Netherlands Information | Netherlands Statistics  
  
Branches: Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Navy (includes naval air and marine corps), Royal Netherlands Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht or KLu), Royal Military Police, Defense Interservice Command (DICO)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 20 years
 
Manpower Available: 7,028,295 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 5,643,186 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 195,752 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.60
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 DUTCH RESOURCES
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Netherlands Spa and Resort Directory
 
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