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New Caledonia Facts

New Caledonia Facts | Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information | Statistics | Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependan

New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics
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 New Caledonians POLITICAL
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
Background: Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct as many as three referenda between 2013 and 2018, to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.
 
 
Common Name: New Caledonia Local Official Name: Nouvelle-Caledonie
Abbreviated Name: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Official Name: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependan
Official Script Name: Local Common Name: New Caledonia
Former Name: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependan Territory of: overseas territory of France since 1956
 
Head of State: President of France Jacques CHIRAC
 
Government Type: NA
 
Independence: none (overseas territory of France); note - a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled for 2014
 
Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
 
National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
 
International Organization Participation: ICFTU, PIF (observer), SPC, UPU, WFTU, WMO
 
Administrative Divisions: none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Iles Loyaute, Nord, and Sud
 
Dependent Areas: territorial collectivity of France since 1998
 
Legal System: the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President of France Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Commissioner Michel MATHIEU (since 15 July 2005) head of government: President of the Government Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU (since 10 June 2004) cabinet: Consultative Committee consists of eight members chosen from leading figures on the island to advise the High Commissioner elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the government elected by the members of the Territorial Congress for a five-year term (no term limits); note - last election held 29 June 2004 when Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU was elected on the third vote with 8 votes for and 3 abstentions Legislative Branch: unicameral Territorial Congress or Congres Territorial (54 seats; members belong to the three Provincial Assemblies or Assemblees Provinciales elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 9 May 2004 (next to be held NA 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RPCR-UMP 16, AE 16, UNI-FLNKS 8, UC 7, FN 4, others 3 note: New Caledonia currently holds 1 seat in the French Senate; by 2010, New Caledonia will gain a second seat in the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 2001 (next to be held not later than September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; New Caledonia also elects 2 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 and 16 June 2002 (next to be held by June 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 2 Judicial Branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; County Courts; Joint Commerce Tribunal Court; Children's Court
 
Party Leaders: Alliance pour la Caledonie or APLC [Didier LE ROUX]; Caledonian Union or UC; Federation des Comites de Coordination des Independantistes or FCCI [Francois BURCK]; Front National or FN [Guy GEORGE]; Front Uni de Liberation Kanak or FULK [Ernest UNE]; Kanak Socialist Front for National Liberation or FLNKS [leader NA] (includes PALIKA, UNI, UC, and UPM); Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA [Paul NEAOUTYINE and Elie POIGOUNE]; Rally for Caledonia in the Republic (anti independent) or RPCR-UMP [Jacques LAFLEUR]; The Future Together or AE [Harold MARTIN]; Union Nationale pour l'Independance or UNI [Paul NEAOUTYINE]; note - may no longer exist, but Paul NEAOUTYINE has since become a president of Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA; Union Progressiste Melanesienne or UPM [Victor TUTUGORO]
 
International Disputes: Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by France and Vanuatu
 
Illicit Drugs: na 
 
 
 New Caledonians GEOGRAPHY
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
 
Location of New Caledonia: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 19,060 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 18,575 sq km
Capitol City: Noumea Land Area Water: 485 sq km
      
Latitude: 21 30 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 165 30 E Border Boundary Coastline: 2,254 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.32 % Pastures: 0.29 %
Crops: 0.22 % Woodlands and Forests: 99.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,628 m Location: Mont Panie
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in New Caledonia: Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
 
Environmental Agreements: ESCAP (associate), FZ, ICFTU, SPC, WFTU, WMO
 
Irrigated Land: 100
 
Bordering Countries: None
 
Natural Resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
 
Geographical Terrain: coastal plains with interior mountains
 
Comparative Area of New Caledonia: slightly smaller than New Jersey
 
New Caledonia's Geography: consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls
 

 New Caledonians CLIMATE
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
 
Natural Hazards: cyclones, most frequent from November to March
 
 
 New Caledonians ECONOMY
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: New Caledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel resources. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than one-fourth of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy. Substantial new investment in the nickel industry, combined with the recovery of global nickel prices, brightens the economic outlook for the next several years.
 
 
GDP: $3,158,000,000 USD Currency: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (X
GDP per Capita: $15,000 USD Currency Code: XPF
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 95.89 (2005), 96.04 (2004), 105.66 (2003), 126.71 (2002), 133.26 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 15.00 % GDP of Industry: 8.80 %
GDP of Services: 76.20 %  
   
Inflation Rate: -0.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 17.10 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $856,300,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $836,500,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 1,581,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,470,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 76.30% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 23.70% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 10,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $79,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $525,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: vegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products
 
Primary Industries: nickel mining and smelting
 
Industrial Growth Rate: -0.60 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1,636,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: France 39%, Singapore 17.4%, Australia 13%, NZ 5.3%
 
Export Amount in USD: $999,000,000 USD - ferronickels, nickel ore, fish
 
Export Partners: Japan 21.4%, France 16%, Taiwan 11.4%, South Korea 10.1%, Spain 9%, China 7.2%, South Africa 5.2%, Belgium 4.5%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 78,990
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 20%, industry: 20%, services: 60%
 
  
 New Caledonians COMMUNICATIONS
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 6 Number of People with Radios: 0
Television Broadcast Stations: 6 Number of People with Televisions: 0
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 55,300 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 134,300
 
Internet Service Providers: 13,962 Internet Users: 76,000
 
Internet Country Code: .nc Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: NC Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 687 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: NA international: country code - 687; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 New Caledonians TRANSPORTATION
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  

   

Highways: 2,287 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 11 Heliports: 6
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 3,566 GRT/2,543 DWT by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Noumea
 
  
 New Caledonians PEOPLE
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
 
Population: 219,246 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 18.11 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.69 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.24% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.28 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 21,818 Population Female 0-14: 30,503
Population Male 15-64: 71,565 Population Female 15-64: 70,815
Population Male 65+: 6,773 Population Female 65+: 7,772
 
Population 0-14: 28.40% Literacy Rate: 91.00%
Population 15-64: 64.90% Literacy rate of Males: 92.00%
Population 65+: 6.60% Literacy rate of Females: 90.00%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 74.27 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 7.57 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 71.29 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 77.39 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: New Caledonians
 
Ethnic Groups: Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3% 
 
  
Primary Language: French (official)
 
Other Languages: French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic 60%
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
 
  
 New Caledonians MILITARY
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular indigenous military forces; French Armed Forces (includes Army, Navy, Air Force, Gendarmerie); Police Force Note: defense is the responsibility of France
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 16 years
 
Manpower Available: 50,874 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 40,822 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 1,907 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 New Caledonians RESOURCES
  New Caledonia Facts |  Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Information |  Statistics  
  
New Caledonia Spa and Resort Directory
 
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