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New Zealand Facts

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Background: The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.
Common Name: New Zealand Local Official Name: New Zealand
Abbreviated Name: New Zealand Official Name: New Zealand
Official Script Name: New Zealand Local Common Name: NZ
Former Name: New Zealand Territory of: NA
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
Independence: 1907 September 26 (from UK)
Constitution: consists of a series of legal documents, including certain acts of the UK and New Zealand Parliaments, as well as The Constitution Act 1986, which is the principal formal charter; adopted 1 January 1987, effective 1 January 1987
National Holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British soverei
International Organization Participation: ANZUS (US suspended security obligations to NZ on 11 August 1986), APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, C, CP, EAS, EBRD, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NSG, OECD, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Administrative Divisions: 16 regions and 1 territory*; Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Canterbury, Chatham Islands*, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui, Marlborough, Nelson, Northland, Otago, Southland, Taranaki, Tasman, Waikato, Wellington, West Coast
Dependent Areas: Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau
Legal System: based on English law, with special land legislation and land courts for the Maori; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006) head of government: Prime Minister Helen CLARK (since 10 December 1999) and Deputy Prime Minister Michael CULLEN (since NA July 2002) cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general Legislative Branch: unicameral House of Representatives - commonly called Parliament (120 seats; 69 members elected by popular vote in single-member constituencies including seven Maori constituencies, and 51 proportional seats chosen from party lists, all to serve three-year terms) elections: last held 17 September 2005 (next to be held not later than 15 November 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - NZLP 41.1%, NP 39.1%, NZFP 5.72%, Green Party 5.3%, Maori 2.12%, UF 2.67%, ACT New Zealand 1.51%, Progressive 1.16%; seats by party - NZLP 50, NP 48, NZFP 7, Green Party 6, Maori 4, UF 3, ACT New Zealand 2, Progressive 1 note: results of 2005 election saw the total number of seats increase to 121 because the Maori Party won one more electorate seat than its entitlement under the party vote Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; High Court; note - Judges appointed by the Governor-General
Party Leaders: ACT New Zealand [Rodney HIDE]; Green Party [Jeanette FITZSIMONS]; Maori Party [Whatarangi WINIATA]; National Party or NP [Don BRASH]; New Zealand First Party or NZFP [Winston PETERS]; New Zealand Labor Party or NZLP [Helen CLARK]; Progressive Party [James (Jim) ANDERTON]; United Future or UF [Peter DUNNE]
International Disputes: asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Ross Dependency) [see Antarctica]
Illicit Drugs: NA 
  New Zealand Facts |  New Zealand Information | New Zealand Statistics  
Location of New Zealand: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 268,680 sq km 
Region: ANZ Land Area Land: 0 sq km
Capitol City: Wellington Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 041 00 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 174 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 15,134 km 
Arable Land: 5.54 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 6.92 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 3,754 m Location: Aoraki-Mount Cook
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
Largest City in New Zealand: Auckland Auckland Largest City Population: 1,078,000
Threatened Species: 133
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by invasive species
Environmental Agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Antarctic Seals, Marine Life Conservation
Irrigated Land: 2,850
Bordering Countries: NA
Natural Resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone
Geographical Terrain: predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains
Comparative Area of New Zealand: about the size of Colorado
New Zealand's Geography: about 80% of the population lives in cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world

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General Climate: temperate with sharp regional contrasts
Natural Hazards: earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity
  New Zealand Facts |  New Zealand Information | New Zealand Statistics  
Economic Overview: Over the past 20 years the government has transformed New Zealand from an agrarian economy dependent on concessionary British market access to a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally. This dynamic growth has boosted real incomes (but left behind many at the bottom of the ladder), broadened and deepened the technological capabilities of the industrial sector, and contained inflationary pressures. Per capita income has risen for six consecutive years and was more than $24,000 in 2005 in purchasing power parity terms. New Zealand is heavily dependent on trade - particularly in agricultural products - to drive growth. Exports are equal to about 22% of GDP. Thus far the economy has been resilient, and the Labor Government promises that expenditures on health, education, and pensions will increase proportionately to output.
GDP: $102,000,000,000 USD Currency: New Zealand dollar
GDP per Capita: $25,300 USD Currency Code: NZD
GDP Growth Rate: 2.30 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 1.4203 (2005), 1.5087 (2004), 1.7221 (2003), 2.1622 (2002), 2.3788 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 4.30 % GDP of Industry: 27.30 %
GDP of Services: 68.40 %  
Inflation Rate: 3.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 3.70 % Tourism: 1,607,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $43,100,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $37,570,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 39,820,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 37,030,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 37,030,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 26.55% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 66.45% Other Electricity Production: 7.00%
Oil Production: 31,740 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 4,773,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 151,900 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 4,773,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 30,220 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 119,700 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 89,620,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 37,380,000,000 cu m
External Debt: $42,820,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $99,700,000 USD
Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, lamb and mutton, dairy products; fish
Primary Industries: food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining
Industrial Growth Rate: -2.50 %
Import Amount in USD: $24,570,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, vehicles and aircraft, petroleum, electronics, textiles, plastics
Import Partners: Australia 20.9%, US 11%, Japan 11%, China 10.9%, Germany 4.9%
Export Amount in USD: $22,210,000,000 USD - dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery
Export Partners: Australia 21.4%, US 14.1%, Japan 10.6%, China 5.1%, UK 4.7%
GINI Index: 36.20%
Labor Force Number of People: 2,130,000
Labor Force by Occupations: services 65%, industry 25%, agriculture 10%
  New Zealand Facts |  New Zealand Information | New Zealand Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 418 Number of People with Radios: 3,750,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 41 Number of People with Televisions: 1,926,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,800,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 3,530,000
Internet Service Providers: 1,050,197 Internet Users: 3,200,000
Internet Country Code: .nz Newspapers: 362
Two Letter Country Code: NZ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 64 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: excellent domestic and international systems domestic: NA international: country code - 64; submarine cables to Australia and Fiji; 8 satellite earth stations - 1 InMarSat (Pacific Ocean), 7 other
  New Zealand Facts |  New Zealand Information | New Zealand Statistics  


Highways: 59,109 km Railways: 4,128 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 1,310 km Waterways: 1,609 km
Airports: 45 Heliports: 1
Motor Vehicles: 598 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 28,941,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 8.30 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 13 ships (1000 GRT or over) 136,361 GRT/124,972 DWT by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 1, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 2 foreign-owned: 4 (Australia 2, Germany 1, Isle of Man 1) registered in other countries: 8 (Antigua and Barbuda 1, Cook Islands 1, Dominica 4, France 1, UK 1)
Ports and Harbors: Auckland, Lyttelton, Tauranga, Wellington, Whangarei
  New Zealand Facts |  New Zealand Information | New Zealand Statistics  
Population: 4,076,140 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 13.76 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 14.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.53 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.99% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.79 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 439,752 Population Female 0-14: 419,174
Population Male 15-64: 1,374,850 Population Female 15-64: 1,361,570
Population Male 65+: 210,365 Population Female 65+: 270,429
Population 0-14: 21.10% Literacy Rate: 99.00%
Population 15-64: 67.10% Literacy rate of Males: 99.00%
Population 65+: 11.80% Literacy rate of Females: 99.00%
Population that is Male: 52.00 % Population that is Female: 48.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 78.81 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 5.76 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 75.82 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 81.93 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 1,400
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 3.63
Nationality: NEW ZEALAND
Ethnic Groups: European 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Asian 5.7%, Pacific islander 4.4%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8% 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: English (official), Maori (official)
Primary Religion: Anglican
Other Religions: Anglican 14.9%, Roman Catholic 12.4%, Presbyterian 10.9%, Methodist 2.9%, Pentecostal 1.7%, Baptist 1.3%, other Christian 9.4%, other 3.3%, unspecified 17.2%, none 26%
  New Zealand Facts |  New Zealand Information | New Zealand Statistics  
Branches: New Zealand Defense Force (NZDF): New Zealand Army, Royal New Zealand Navy, Royal New Zealand Air Force
Manpower Fit to Serve: 17 years
Manpower Available: 1,949,870 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,611,588 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 58,261 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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