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Niger Facts

Niger Facts | Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics | Niger

Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics
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Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics
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  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
Background: Not until 1993, 35 years after independence from France, did Niger hold its first free and open elections. A 1995 peace accord ended a five-year Tuareg insurgency in the north. Coups in 1996 and 1999 were followed by the creation of a National Reconciliation Council that effected a transition to civilian rule by December 1999.
Common Name: Niger Local Official Name: Niger
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Niger Official Name: Republique du Niger
Official Script Name: Niger Local Common Name: Niger
Former Name: Niger Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Mamadou TANDJA
Government Type: republic
Independence: 1958 August 3 (from France)
Constitution: the constitution of 1993 January was revised by nationa
National Holiday: Republic Day, 18 December
Administrative Divisions: 7 departments (departements, singular - departement) and 1 capital district* (capitale district); Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey*, Tahoua, Tillaberi, Zinder
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Mamadou TANDJA (since 22 December 1999); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government head of government: President Mamadou TANDJA (since 22 December 1999); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; Prime Minister Hama AMADOU (since 31 December 1999) was appointed by the president and shares some executive responsibilities with the president cabinet: 23-member Cabinet appointed by the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; last held 24 November 1999 (next to be held NA 2004); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Mamadou TANDJA elected president; percent of vote - Mamadou TANDJA 59.9%, Mahamadou ISSOUFOU 40.1% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly (83 seats, members elected by popular vote for five-year terms) elections: last held 24 November 1999 (next to be held NA 2004) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - MNSD-Nassara 38, CDS-Rahama 17, PNDS-Tarayya 16, RDP-Jama'a 8, ANDPS-Zaman Lahiya 4 Judicial Branch: State Court or Cour d'Etat; Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
Party Leaders: Democratic Rally of the People-Jama'a or RDP-Jama'a [Hamid ALGABID]; Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama or CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE]; National Movement for a Developing Society-Nassara or MNSD-Nassara [Mamadou TANDJA, chairman]; Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya or ANDPS-Zaman Lahiya [Moumouni Adamou DJERMAKOYE]; Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism-Tarayya or PNDS-Tarayya [Mahamadou ISSOUFOU]; Union of Democratic Patriots and Progressives-Chamoua or UPDP-Chamoua [Professor Andre' SALIFOU, chairman]
International Disputes: Niger and Benin have refered to the ICJ the dispute over l'Ete and 14 smaller islands in the Niger River, which has never been delimited; the Benin-Niger-Nigeria tripoint remains undemarcated; Lake Chad Basin Commission urges signatories Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria to ratify delimitation treaty over lake region, the site of continuing armed clashes; Libya claims about 19,400 sq km in northern Niger in a currently dormant dispute
Illicit Drugs: NA 
  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
Location of Niger: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 1,267,000 sq km 
Region: Central African Land Area Land: 1,266,700 sq km
Capitol City: Niamey Land Area Water: 300 sq km
Latitude: 016 00 N Border Boundary Land: 5,697 km
Longitude: 008 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
Arable Land: 4.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 2,022 m Location: Mont Bagzane
Lowest Elevation: 200 m Location: Niger River
Largest City in Niger: Niamey Niamey Largest City Population: 731,000
Threatened Species: 0
Environmental Issues: overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea
Irrigated Land: 660
Bordering Countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km
Natural Resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum
Geographical Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north
Comparative Area of Niger: slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Niger's Geography: landlocked; one of the hottest countries in the world: northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable for livestock and limited agriculture

  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
General Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south
Natural Hazards: recurring droughts
  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
Economic Overview: Niger is a poor, landlocked Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centers on subsistence agriculture, animal husbandry, reexport trade, and increasingly less on uranium, because of declining world demand. The 50% devaluation of the West African franc in January 1994 boosted exports of livestock, cowpeas, onions, and the products of Niger's small cotton industry. The government relies on bilateral and multilateral aid - which was suspended following the April 1999 coup d'etat - for operating expenses and public investment. In 2000-01, the World Bank approved a structural adjustment loan of $105 million to help support fiscal reforms. However, reforms could prove difficult given the government's bleak financial situation. The IMF approved a $73 million poverty reduction and growth facility for Niger in 2000 and announced $115 million in debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative.
GDP: $8,400,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $820 USD Currency Code: XOF
GDP Growth Rate: 3.10 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79 (January 2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1 January 1999, the XOF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF per euro
GDP of Agriculture: 41.00 % GDP of Industry: 17.00 %
GDP of Services: 42.00 %  
Inflation Rate: 4.20 % Population in Poverty: 63.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 43,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.80 % Budget Revenue in USD: $320,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 35.40 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $320,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 220,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 404,600,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 200,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $1,600,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $341,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Primary Industries: uranium mining, cement, brick, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $331,000,000 USD - consumer goods, primary materials, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals
Import Partners: France 16.8%, Cote d'Ivoire 13.4%, US 9.6%, Nigeria 7.6%
Export Amount in USD: $246,000,000 USD - uranium ore 65%, livestock products, cowpeas, onions
Export Partners: France 43.4%, Nigeria 35.0%, Spain 4.5%, US 3.9%
GINI Index: 50.50%
Labor Force Number of People: 70,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%
  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 15 Number of People with Radios: 680,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 125,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 20,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 6,700
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 3,000
Internet Country Code: .ne Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: NE Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 227 Electricity Voltage: Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: small system of wire, radio telephone communications, and microwave radio relay links concentrated in the southwestern area of Niger domestic: wire, radiotelephone communications, and microwave radio relay; domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations and 1 planned international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean)
  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  


Highways: 798 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 300 km
Airports: 9 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 4 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: NA
  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
Population: 10,639,744 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 49.95 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 8.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 22.25 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.70% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 7.00 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 2,594,932 Population Female 0-14: 2,503,867
Population Male 15-64: 2,594,307 Population Female 15-64: 2,706,164
Population Male 65+: 125,898 Population Female 65+: 114,576
Population 0-14: 47.90% Literacy Rate: 15.30%
Population 15-64: 49.80% Literacy rate of Males: 21.20%
Population 65+: 2.30% Literacy rate of Females: 9.40%
Population that is Male: 50.00 % Population that is Female: 50.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 41.91 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 122.23 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 42.04 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 41.77 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 4.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 17,700
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.71
Nationality: NIGERIEN
Ethnic Groups: Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates 
Primary Language: French
Other Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Primary Religion: Muslim
Other Religions: Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christian
  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
Branches: Army, Air Force, Gendarmerie, National Intervention and Security Force
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
Manpower Available: 2,270,793 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,227,994 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 108,993 People per year
Expenditures: $20,900,000 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.30
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
  Niger Facts |  Republic of Niger Information | Niger Statistics  
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