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Nigeria Facts

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 NIGERIAN POLITICAL
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  
Background: Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The president faces the daunting task of rebuilding a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, the OBASANJO administration must defuse longstanding ethnic and religious tensions, if it is to build a sound foundation for economic growth and political stability.
 
 
Common Name: Nigeria Local Official Name: Nigeria
Abbreviated Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Name: Nigeria
Official Script Name: Nigeria Local Common Name: Nigeria
Former Name: Nigeria Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Olusegun OBASANJO
 
Government Type: republic transitioning from military to civilian rule
 
Independence: 1960 October 1 (from UK)
 
Constitution: new constitution adopted 1999 May
 
National Holiday: Independence Day (National Day), 1 October
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNMOT, UNMOVIC, UNU, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Abuja Federal Capital Territory*, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English common law, Islamic Shariah law (only in some northern states), and traditional law
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Olusegun OBASANJO (since 29 May 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Olusegun OBASANJO (since 29 May 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Federal Executive Council elections: president is elected by popular vote for no more than two four-year terms; election last held 27 February 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003) election results: Olusegun OBASANJO elected president; percent of vote - Olusegun OBASANJO (PDP) 62.8%, Olu FALAE (APP-AD) 37.2% Legislative Branch: bicameral National Assembly consists of Senate (109 seats, three from each state and one from the Federal Capital Territory; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and House of Representatives (360 seats, members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: Senate - last held 20-24 February 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003); House of Representatives - last held 20-24 February 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PDP 58%, APP 23%, AD 19%; seats by party - PDP 67, APP 23, AD 19; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDP 58%, APP 30%, AD 12%; seats by party - PDP 221, APP 70, AD 69 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by the President); Federal Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the federal government on the advice of the Advisory Judicial Committee)
 
Party Leaders: All People's Party or APP [leader NA]; Alliance for Democracy or AD [Alhaji Adamu ABDULKADIR]; People's Democratic Party or PDP [Audu OGBEH]
 
International Disputes: Nigeria disputes several villages with Benin along the Okpara River, and only 35 km of their common boundary are demarcated; the Benin-Niger-Nigeria tripoint remains undemarcated; Lake Chad Basin Commission urges signatories Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria to ratify delimitation treaty over lake region, the site of continuing armed clashes; oral arguments on the land and maritime boundary disputes between Cameroon and Nigeria were presented to the ICJ; disputes center around Bakasi Peninsula, where armed clashes continue, Bouram Island on Lake Chad, and the maritime boundary and economic zone dispute in the Gulf of Guinea, which also involves Equatorial Guinea; Nigeria requests and Chad rejects redemarcation of boundary, which lacks clear demarcation in sections and has caused several cross-border incidents
 
Illicit Drugs: a transit point for heroin and cocaine intended for European, East Asian, and North American markets; safehaven for Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide 
 
 
 NIGERIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  
 
Location of Nigeria: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 923,768 sq km 
Region: Central African Land Area Land: 910,768 sq km
Capitol City: Abuja Land Area Water: 13,000 sq km
      
Latitude: 010 00 N Border Boundary Land: 4,047 km
Longitude: 008 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 853 km 
  
Arable Land: 31.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 3.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,419 m Location: Chappal Waddi
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Nigeria: Lagos Lagos Largest City Population: 12,763,000
  
Threatened Species: 158
 
Environmental Issues: soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 2,330
 
Bordering Countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km
 
Natural Resources: natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land
 
Geographical Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north
 
Comparative Area of Nigeria: slightly more than twice the size of California
 
Nigeria's Geography: the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea
 

 NIGERIAN CLIMATE
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  
 
General Climate: varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
 
Natural Hazards: periodic droughts; flooding
 
 
 NIGERIAN ECONOMY
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The oil-rich Nigerian economy, long hobbled by political instability, corruption, and poor macroeconomic management, is undergoing substantial economic reform under the new civilian administration. Nigeria's former military rulers failed to diversify the economy away from overdependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 20% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and about 65% of budgetary revenues. The largely subsistence agricultural sector has failed to keep up with rapid population growth, and Nigeria, once a large net exporter of food, now must import food. Following the signing of an IMF stand-by agreement in August 2000, Nigeria received a debt-restructuring deal from the Paris Club and a $1 billion credit from the IMF, both contingent on economic reforms. The agreement was allowed to expire by the IMF in November 2001, however, and Nigeria appears unlikely to receive substantial multilateral assistance in 2002. Nonetheless, increases in foreign oil investment and oil production should push growth over 4% in 2002.
 
 
GDP: $105,900,000,000 USD Currency: naira
GDP per Capita: $840 USD Currency Code: NGN
GDP Growth Rate: 3.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: nairas per US dollar - 115 (January 2002), 101.697 (2000), 92.338 (1999), 21.886 (1998), 21.886 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 39.00 % GDP of Industry: 33.00 %
GDP of Services: 28.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 14.90 % Population in Poverty: 45.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 28.00 % Tourism: 739,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 1.60 % Budget Revenue in USD: $3,400,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 40.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $3,600,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 15,900,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 19,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 14,768,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 64.15% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 35.85% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $32,000,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $250,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish
 
Primary Industries: crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel
 
Industrial Growth Rate: -0.30 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $13,700,000,000 USD - machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals
 
Import Partners: UK 11%, US 9%, France 9%, Germany 7%, China
 
Export Amount in USD: $20,300,000,000 USD - petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber
 
Export Partners: US 46%, Spain 11%, India 6%, France 5%, Brazil
 
    
GINI Index: 50.60%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 66,000,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 70%, industry 10%, services 20%
 
  
 NIGERIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 130 Number of People with Radios: 23,500,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 6,900,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 500,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 200,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 11 Internet Users: 100,000
 
Internet Country Code: .ng Newspapers: 27
Two Letter Country Code: NI Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 234 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: an inadequate system, further limited by poor maintenance; major expansion is required and a start has been made domestic: intercity traffic is carried by coaxial cable, microwave radio relay, a domestic communications satellite system with 19 earth stations, and a coastal submarine cable; mobile cellular facilities and the Internet are available international: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean); coaxial submarine cable SAFE (South African Far East)
 
  
 NIGERIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  

   

Highways: 59,892 km Railways: 3,557 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 5,542 km Waterways: 8,575 km
Airports: 35 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 1 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 82,203,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.80 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 43 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 331,094 GRT/614,171 DWT note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Bulgaria 1, Greece 1, Norway 1, Pakistan 1, Togo 1, United States 1 (2002 est.) ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 7, chemical tanker 4, petroleum tanker 29, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Calabar, Lagos, Onne, Port Harcourt, Sapele, Warri
 
  
 NIGERIAN PEOPLE
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  
 
Population: 129,934,911 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 39.22 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 118.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 14.10 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.54% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.49 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 28,503,211 Population Female 0-14: 28,156,976
Population Male 15-64: 35,418,119 Population Female 15-64: 34,179,802
Population Male 65+: 1,832,682 Population Female 65+: 1,844,121
 
Population 0-14: 43.60% Literacy Rate: 57.10%
Population 15-64: 53.60% Literacy rate of Males: 67.30%
Population 65+: 2.80% Literacy rate of Females: 47.30%
 
Population that is Male: 51.50 % Population that is Female: 48.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 50.59 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 72.49 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 50.58 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 50.60 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 5.06% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 2,700,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 250,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.27
 
Nationality: NIGERIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Nigeria, which is Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5% 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
 
  
 NIGERIAN MILITARY
  Nigeria Facts |  Federal Republic of Nigeria Information | Nigeria Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 30,808,598 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 17,698,911 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 1,375,112 People per year
 
Expenditures: $374,900,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 NIGERIAN RESOURCES
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Nigeria Spa and Resort Directory
 
Nigeria Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Nigeria Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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