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Niue Island Facts

Niue Island Facts | Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics | Savage Island

Niue Island Facts |  Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics Niue Island Facts |  Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics
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Niue Island Facts |  Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics Niue Island Facts |  Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics
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 NIUEAN POLITICAL
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Background: Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to about 2,166 in 2006), with substantial emigration to New Zealand, 2,400 km to the southwest.
 
 
Common Name: Niue Island Local Official Name: Niue Island
Abbreviated Name: Niue Island Official Name: Niue Island
Official Script Name: Niue Island Local Common Name: Niue Island
Former Name: Savage Island Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
 
Government Type: self-governing parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: on 19 October 1974, Niue became a self-governing parlia
 
Constitution: 1974 October 19 (Niue Constitution Act)
 
National Holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British soverei
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, FAO, IFAD, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
 
Administrative Divisions: none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages at the second order
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: English common law note: Niue is self-governing, with the power to make its own laws
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner John BRYAN (since NA May 2000) head of government: Premier Young VIVIAN (since 1 May 2002) cabinet: Cabinet consists of the premier and three ministers elections: the monarch is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held 12 May 2005 (next to be held May 2008) election results: Young VIVIAN reelected premier; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - Young VIVIAN (NPP) 85%, O'Love JACOBSEN (independent) 15% Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; 6 elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives) elections: last held 30 April 2005 (next to be held April 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA Judicial Branch: Supreme Court of New Zealand; High Court of Niue
 
Party Leaders: Alliance of Independents or AI; Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 NIUEAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Niue Island: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 260 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 260 sq km
Capitol City: Alofi Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 019 02 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 169 52 W Border Boundary Coastline: 64 km 
  
Arable Land: 11.54 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 15.38 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 68 m Location: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Niue Island: NA NA Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish, arable land
 
Geographical Terrain: steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
 
Comparative Area of Niue Island: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Niue Island's Geography: one of world's largest coral islands
 

 NIUEAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
 
Natural Hazards: typhoons
 
 
 NIUEAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of emigration to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and a financial services industry, although the International Banking Repeal Act of 2002 resulted in the termination of all offshore banking licenses. Economic aid from New Zealand in 2002 was about US$2 million. Niue suffered a devastating typhoon in January 2004, which decimated nascent economic programs. While in the process of rebuilding, Niue has been dependent on foreign aid.
 
 
GDP: $7,600,000 USD Currency: New Zealand dollar
GDP per Capita: $5,800 USD Currency Code: NZD
GDP Growth Rate: 6.20 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 1.4203 (2005), 1.5087 (2004), 1.7221 (2003), 2.1622 (2002), 2.3788 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 23.50 % GDP of Industry: 26.90 %
GDP of Services: 49.50 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 4.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 12.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $15,070,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $16,330,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 3,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 2,790,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 20 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $418,000 USD Received in economic aid: $2,600,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
 
Primary Industries: tourism, handicrafts, food processing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $9,038,000 USD - food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs
 
Import Partners: New Zealand mainly, Fiji, Japan, Samoa, Australia, US (2004)
 
Export Amount in USD: $201,400 USD - canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
 
Export Partners: New Zealand mainly, Fiji, Cook Islands, Australia
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 663
 
Labor Force by Occupations: note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
 
  
 NIUEAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Niue Island Facts |  Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Radios: 1,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 0
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,100 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 400
 
Internet Service Providers: 0 Internet Users: 900
 
Internet Country Code: .nu Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: NE Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 683 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: domestic: single-line telephone system connects all villages on island international: country code - 683
 
  
 NIUEAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 86 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
 
  
 NIUEAN PEOPLE
  Niue Island Facts |  Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics  
 
Population: 2,166 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 0.00 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 0.00 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.01% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 0.00 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 0 Population Female 0-14: 0
Population Male 15-64: 0 Population Female 15-64: 0
Population Male 65+: 0 Population Female 65+: 0
 
Population 0-14: 0.00% Literacy Rate: 95.00%
Population 15-64: 0.00% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 0.00% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
 
Population that is Male: 0.00 % Population that is Female: 0.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 0.00 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 0.00 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 0.00 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 0.00 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: NIUEAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Niuen 78.2%, Pacific islander 10.2%, European 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3% 
 
  
Primary Language: Niuean
 
Other Languages: Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English
 
 
Primary Religion: Ekalesia Niue
 
Other Religions: Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, unspecified 8.7%, none 1.9%
 
  
 NIUEAN MILITARY
  Niue Island Facts |  Niue Island Information | Niue Island Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular indigenous military forces; Police Force (defense is the responsibility of New Zealand )
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 NIUEAN RESOURCES
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