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Northern Mariana Islands Facts

Northern Mariana Islands Facts | Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics | Mariana Islands District (Trust Territory of

Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics
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Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics
Northern Mariana Islands Map
 
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 NA POLITICAL
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
Background: Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.
 
 
Common Name: Northern Mariana Islands Local Official Name: Northern Mariana Islands
Abbreviated Name: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Official Name: Northern Mariana Islands
Official Script Name: Northern Mariana Islands Local Common Name: Northern Mariana Islands
Former Name: Mariana Islands District (Trust Territory of Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President George W. BUSH of the US
 
Government Type: commonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature
 
Independence: none (commonwealth in political union with the US)
 
Constitution: Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands effective 1 January 1978; Covenant Agreement fully effective 4 November 1986
 
National Holiday: Commonwealth Day, 8 January
 
International Organization Participation: Interpol (subbureau), SPC, UPU
 
Administrative Divisions: none (commonwealth in political union with the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four municipalities at the second order; Northern Islands, Rota, Saipan, Tinian
 
Dependent Areas: commonwealth in political union with the US; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the US Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs
 
Legal System: based on US system, except for customs, wages, immigration laws, and taxation
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001) head of government: Governor Benigno R. FITIAL (since 9 January 2006); Lieutenant Governor Timothy P. VILLAGOMEZ (since 9 January 2006) cabinet: the cabinet consists of the heads of the 10 principal departments under the executive branch who are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate; other members include Special Assistants to the governor and office heads appointed by and reporting directly to the governor elections: under the US Consitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 5 November 2005 (next to be held November 2009) election results: Benigno R. FITIAL elected governor in a four-way race; percent of vote - Benigno R. FITIAL (Covenant Party) 28.07%, Heinz HOFSCHNEIDER (Independent) 27.34%, Juan BABAUTA (Republican) 26.6%, Froilan TENORIO (Democrat) 17.99% Legislative Branch: bicameral Legislature consists of the Senate (9 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year staggered terms) and the House of Representatives (18 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms) elections: Senate - last held 5 November 2005 (next to be held November 2009); House of Representatives - last held 5 November 2005 (next to be held November 2007) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Covenant Party 3, Republican Party 3, Democratic Party 2, independent 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Covenant Party 7, Republican Party 7, Democratic Party 2, independent 2 note: the Northern Mariana Islands does not have a nonvoting delegate in the US Congress; instead, it has an elected official or "resident representative" located in Washington, DC; seats by party - Republican Party 1 (Pedro A. TENORIO) Judicial Branch: Commonwealth Supreme Court; Superior Court; Federal District Court
 
Party Leaders: Covenant Party [Benigno R. FITIAL]; Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO]; Republican Party [Juan S. REYES]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 NA GEOGRAPHY
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
 
Location of Northern Mariana Islands: Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 477 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 477 sq km
Capitol City: Saipan Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 015 12 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 145 45 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,482 km 
  
Arable Land: 13.04 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 4.35 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 965 m Location: unnamed location on Agrihan
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Northern Mariana Islands: Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development
 
Environmental Agreements: NA
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: arable land, fish
 
Geographical Terrain: southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic
 
Comparative Area of Northern Mariana Islands: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Northern Mariana Islands's Geography: strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean
 

 NA CLIMATE
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
 
Natural Hazards: active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)
 
 
 NA ECONOMY
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts for roughly one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists predominate. Annual tourist entries have exceeded one-half million in recent years, but financial difficulties in Japan have caused a temporary slowdown. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Garment production is by far the most important industry with the employment of 17,500 mostly Chinese workers and sizable shipments to the US under duty and quota exemptions.
 
 
GDP: $900,000,000 USD Currency: US dollar
GDP per Capita: $12,500 USD Currency Code: USD
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: the US dollar is used
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 0.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: -0.80 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 3.90 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $193,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $223,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 0 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 0 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coconuts, fruits, vegetables; cattle
 
Primary Industries: tourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $214,400,000 USD - food, construction equipment and materials, petroleum products
 
Import Partners: US, Japan
 
Export Amount in USD: $0 USD - garments
 
Export Partners: US
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 44,470
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 NA COMMUNICATIONS
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Radios: 0
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 0
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 21,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 20,500
 
Internet Service Providers: 20 Internet Users: 10,000
 
Internet Country Code: .mp Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: CQ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 1-670 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: NA international: country code - 1-670; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 NA TRANSPORTATION
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  

   

Highways: 0 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 3 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Saipan, Tinian
 
  
 NA PEOPLE
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
 
Population: 82,459 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 19.43 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 2.29 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.54% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.24 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 8,350 Population Female 0-14: 7,623
Population Male 15-64: 26,715 Population Female 15-64: 38,442
Population Male 65+: 679 Population Female 65+: 650
 
Population 0-14: 19.40% Literacy Rate: 97.00%
Population 15-64: 79.00% Literacy rate of Males: 97.00%
Population 65+: 1.60% Literacy rate of Females: 96.00%
 
Population that is Male: 53.00 % Population that is Female: 47.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 76.09 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 6.98 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 73.50 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 78.83 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 8.26
 
Nationality: NA
 
Ethnic Groups: Asian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6%
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)
 
  
 NA MILITARY
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
  
Branches: defense is the responsibility of the US
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 NA RESOURCES
  Northern Mariana Islands Facts |  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Information | Northern Mariana Islands Statistics  
  
Northern Mariana Islands Spa and Resort Directory
 
Northern Mariana Islands Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Northern Mariana Islands Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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