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Norway Facts

Norway Facts | Kingdom of Norway Information | Norway Statistics | Norway

Norway Facts |  Kingdom of Norway Information | Norway Statistics Norway Facts |  Kingdom of Norway Information | Norway Statistics
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 NORWEGIAN POLITICAL
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Background: Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning for the time when petroleum reserves are depleted. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU.
 
 
Common Name: Norway Local Official Name: Norge
Abbreviated Name: Kingdom of Norway Official Name: Kongeriket Norge
Official Script Name: Norway Local Common Name: Norway
Former Name: Norway Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: King HARALD V
 
Government Type: constitutional monarchy
 
Independence: 1905 June 7 Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved; 1905 October 26 Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union`
 
Constitution: 1814 May 17, modified in 1884
 
National Holiday: Constitution Day, 17 May
 
International Organization Participation: AfDB, Arctic Council, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, ESA, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMEE, UNMIS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
 
Administrative Divisions: 19 counties (fylker, singular - fylke); Akershus, Aust-Agder, Buskerud, Finnmark, Hedmark, Hordaland, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Nord-Trondelag, Oppland, Oslo, Ostfold, Rogaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sor-Trondelag, Telemark, Troms, Vest-Agder, Vestfold
 
Dependent Areas: Bouvet Island, Jan Mayen, Svalbard
 
Legal System: mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 July 1973) head of government: Prime Minister Jens STOLTENBERG (since 17 October 2005) cabinet: State Council appointed by the monarch with the approval of parliament elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch with the approval of the parliament Legislative Branch: modified unicameral Parliament or Storting (169 seats; members are elected by popular vote by proportional representation to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 12 September 2005 (next to be held September 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - Labor Party 32.7%, Progress Party 22.1%, Conservative Party 14.1%, Socialist Left Party 8.8%, Christian People's Party 6.8%, Center Party 6.5%, Liberal Party 5.9%, Red Electoral Alliance 1.2%, other 1.9%; seats by party - Labor Party 61, Progress Party 38, Conservative Party 23, Socialist Left Party 15, Christian People's Party 11, Center Party 11, Liberal Party 10 note: for certain purposes, the parliament divides itself into two chambers and elects one-fourth of its membership to an upper house or Lagting Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Hoyesterett (justices appointed by the monarch)
 
Party Leaders: Center Party [Aslaug Marie HAGA]; Christian People's Party [Dagfinn HOYBRATEN]; Coastal Party [Roy WAAGE]; Conservative Party [Erna SOLBERG]; Labor Party [Jens STOLTENBERG]; Liberal Party [Lars SPONHEIM]; Progress Party [Siv JENSEN]; Red Electoral Alliance [Torstein DAHLE]; Socialist Left Party [Kristin HALVORSEN]
 
International Disputes: Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); despite recent discussions, Russia and Norway continue to dispute their maritime limits in the Barents Sea and Russia's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 NORWEGIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Norway: Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 323,802 sq km 
Region: Scandanavian Land Area Land: 307,442 sq km
Capitol City: Oslo Land Area Water: 16,360 sq km
      
Latitude: 062 00 N Border Boundary Land: 2,542 km
Longitude: 010 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 25,148 km 
  
Arable Land: 2.70 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,469 m Location: Galdhopiggen
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Norwegian Sea
  
Largest City in Norway: Oslo Oslo Largest City Population: 959,000
  
Threatened Species: 30
 
Environmental Issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 1,270
 
Bordering Countries: Finland 727 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 196 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north
 
Comparative Area of Norway: slightly larger than New Mexico
 
Norway's Geography: about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in the world
 

 NORWEGIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast
 
Natural Hazards: rockslides, avalanches
 
 
 NORWEGIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state enterprises). The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil production and international oil prices, with oil and gas accounting for one-third of exports. Only Saudi Arabia and Russia export more oil than Norway. Norway opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994; nonetheless, it contributes sizably to the EU budget. The government has moved ahead with privatization. Although Norwegian oil production peaked in 2000, natural gas production is still rising. Norwegians realize that once their gas production peaks they will eventually face declining oil and gas revenues; accordingly, Norway has been saving its oil-and-gas-boosted budget surpluses in a Government Petroleum Fund, which is invested abroad and now is valued at more than $250 billion. After lackluster growth of 1% in 2002 and 0.5% in 2003, GDP growth picked up to 3.3% in 2004 and to 3.7% in 2005.
 
 
GDP: $196,400,000,000 USD Currency: Norwegian krone
GDP per Capita: $42,800 USD Currency Code: NOK
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Norwegian kroner per US dollar - 6.4425 (2005), 6.7408 (2004), 7.0802 (2003), 7.9838 (2002), 8.9917 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 2.10 % GDP of Industry: 41.50 %
GDP of Services: 56.40 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 4.60 % Tourism: 4,481,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 4.10 % Budget Revenue in USD: $176,100,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 21.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $131,300,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 105,600,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 5,600,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 106,100,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 13,500,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.49% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 99.31% Other Electricity Production: 0.20%
   
Oil Production: 3,220,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 73,400,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 257,200 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 4,140,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 3,466,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 50,500,000,000 cu m
Oil Imports: 88,870 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 9,859,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 2,118,000,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $281,000,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $1,400,000,000 USD
   
Agricultural Products: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish
 
Primary Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: -0.50 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $58,120,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: Sweden 14.6%, Germany 13.6%, Denmark 7.3%, UK 6.8%, China 5.5%, US 5%, France 4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $111,200,000,000 USD - petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
 
Export Partners: UK 25.5%, Germany 12.6%, Netherlands 9.9%, France 9.1%, US 6.7%, Sweden 6.5%
 
    
GINI Index: 25.80%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,400,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: services 74%, industry 22%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4%
 
  
 NORWEGIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Norway Facts |  Kingdom of Norway Information | Norway Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 656 Number of People with Radios: 4,030,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 360 Number of People with Televisions: 2,030,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 2,129,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 4,755,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 1,342,667 Internet Users: 3,140,000
 
Internet Country Code: .no Newspapers: 569
Two Letter Country Code: NO Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 47 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern in all respects; one of the most advanced telecommunications networks in Europe domestic: Norway has a domestic satellite system; moreover, the prevalence of rural areas encourages the wide use of cellular mobile systems instead of fixed wire systems international: 2 buried coaxial cable systems; 4 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - NA Eutelsat, NA Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions); note - Norway shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden)
 
  
 NORWEGIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 71,832 km Railways: 4,077 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 9,607 km Waterways: 1,577 km
Airports: 67 Heliports: 1
 
Motor Vehicles: 507 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 41,700,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 15.40 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 724 ships (1000 GRT or over) 14,472,103 GRT/20,245,353 DWT by type: bulk carrier 67, cargo 153, chemical tanker 150, container 2, liquefied gas 79, passenger/cargo 121, petroleum tanker 75, refrigerated cargo 9, roll on/roll off 19, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 47 foreign-owned: 168 (China 3, Cyprus 2, Denmark 32, Estonia 1, Finland 4, Greece 1, Hong Kong 55, Iceland 4, Italy 4, Japan 1, Lithuania 1, Monaco 4, Netherlands 3, Poland 2, Saudi Arabia 3, Sweden 28, UAE 1, UK 6, US 13) registered in other countries: 861 (Antigua and Barbuda 11, Australia 1, Bahamas 259, Barbados 29, Belize 2, Bermuda 5, Brazil 2, Cambodia 1, Canada 1, Cayman Islands 2, China 1, Comoros 1, Cook Islands 1, Cyprus 16, Denmark 3, Dominica 1, Ecuador 1, Estonia 2, Faroe Islands 4, Finland 1, France 1, French Southern and Antarctic Lands 12, Gibraltar 18, Hong Kong 26, Indonesia 1, Isle of Man 27, Liberia 38, Libya 1, Malta 49, Marshall Islands 65, Mexico 1, Netherlands 7, Netherlands Antilles 5, Nigeria 1, Panama 66, Philippines 3, Portugal 4, Russia 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 16, Singapore 90, Spain 7, Sweden 7, Thailand 30, Tonga 1, UK 36, US 2, unknown 2)
 
Ports and Harbors: Borg Havn, Bergen, Mo i Rana, Molde, Mongstad, Narvik, Oslo, Sture
 
  
 NORWEGIAN PEOPLE
  Norway Facts |  Kingdom of Norway Information | Norway Statistics  
 
Population: 4,610,820 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 11.46 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 14.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 9.40 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.38% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.78 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 455,122 Population Female 0-14: 434,009
Population Male 15-64: 1,542,439 Population Female 15-64: 1,496,745
Population Male 65+: 288,509 Population Female 65+: 393,996
 
Population 0-14: 19.30% Literacy Rate: 100.00%
Population 15-64: 65.90% Literacy rate of Males: 100.00%
Population 65+: 14.80% Literacy rate of Females: 100.00%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 79.54 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 3.70 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 76.91 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 82.31 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 2,100
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 1.73
 
Nationality: NORWEGIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Norwegian, Sami 20,000 
 
  
Primary Language: Norwegian
 
Other Languages: Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities; note - Sami is official in six municipalities
 
 
Primary Religion: Evangelical Lutheran
 
Other Religions: Church of Norway 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1%
 
  
 NORWEGIAN MILITARY
  Norway Facts |  Kingdom of Norway Information | Norway Statistics  
  
Branches: Norwegian Army (Haeren), Royal Norwegian Navy (Kongelige Norske Sjoeforsvaret, RNoN; includes Coastal Rangers and Coast Guard (Kystvakt)), Royal Norwegian Air Force (Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret, RNoAF), Home Guard (Heimevernet, HV)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 1,997,326 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,628,374 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 57,202 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.90
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 NORWEGIAN RESOURCES
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Norway Spa and Resort Directory
 
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Norway Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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