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Pakistan Facts

Pakistan Facts | Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics | West Pakistan

Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics
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Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics
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  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  
Background: The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars - in 1947-48 and 1965 - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India capitalized on Islamabad's marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. The dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing, but discussions and confidence-building measures have led to decreased tensions since 2002.
Common Name: Pakistan Local Official Name: Pakistan
Abbreviated Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan Official Name: Pakistan
Official Script Name: Pakistan Local Common Name: Pakistan
Former Name: West Pakistan Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Pervez MUSHARRAF
Government Type: federal republic
Independence: 1947 August 14 (from UK)
Constitution: 1973 April 12 suspended 5 July 1977, restored with amendments 30 December 1985; suspended 15 October 1999, restored in stages in 2002; amended 31 December 2003
National Holiday: Republic Day, 23 March
Administrative Divisions: 4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Sindh Note: the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region consists of two administrative entities: Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's status as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: note: following a military takeover on 12 October 1999, Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Pervez MUSHARRAF, suspended Pakistan's constitution and assumed the additional title of Chief Executive; exercising the powers of the head of the government, he appointed an eight-member National Security Council to function as Pakistan's supreme governing body; on 12 May 2000, Pakistan's Supreme Court unanimously validated the October 1999 coup and granted MUSHARRAF executive and legislative authority for three years from the coup date; on 20 June 2001, MUSHARRAF named himself and was sworn in as president, replacing Mohammad Rafiq TARAR; in a referendum held on 30 April 2002, MUSHARRAF won an overwhelming majority of votes, extending his rule for five more years Chief of state: President Pervez MUSHARRAF (since 20 June 2001) Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the chief executive Head of government: Chief Executive Pervez MUSHARRAF (since 28 August 2004) Elections: prior to the military takeover, Pakistan had an elected president and prime Minister; the president was elected by Parliament for a five-year term; election last held 31 December 1997 (next election to be held NA); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition was usually elected prime minister by the National Assembly; election last held 3 February 1997 (next to be held NA) election results: results are for the last elections for prime minister and president prior to the military takeover - Mohammad Nawaz SHARIF elected prime minister; percent of National Assembly vote - NA%; Rafiq TARAR elected president; percent of Parliament vote - NA% Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora consists of the Senate (100 seats - formerly 87; members indirectly elected by provincial assemblies to serve six-year terms and the National Assembly (342 seats - formerly 217; 60 seats represent women; 10 seats represent minorities; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) Elections: Senate - last held in March 2006 (next to be held in March 2009); National Assembly - last held 10 October 2002 (next to be held in 2007) Election results: Senate results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PML 47, PPPP 9, MMA 20, MQM/A 6, PML/N 4, PML/F 1, PkMAP 3, ANP 2, PPP 3, JWP 1, BNP-Awami 1, BNP-Mengal 1, BNP/H 1, independents 1; National Assembly results - percent of votes by party - NA; seats by party - PML/Q 126, PPPP 81, MMA 63, PML/N 19, MQM/A 17, NA 16, PML/F 5, PML/J 3, PPP/S 2, BNP 1, JWP 1, PAT 1, PML/Z 1, PTI 1, MQM/H 1, PkMAP 1, independents 3 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (justices appointed by the president); Federal Islamic or Shari'a Court
Party Leaders: Awami National Party or ANP [Asfandyar Wali KHAN]; Balochistan National Party/Hayee Group or BNP/H [Dr. Hayee BALUCH]; Baluch National Party/Awami or BNP/Awami [Moheem Khan BALOCH]; Baluch National Party-Mengal or BNP/M [Sardar Ataullah MENGAL]; Jamhoori Watan Party or JWP; Jamiat-al-Hadith or JAH [Sajid MIR]; Jamiat-i-Islami or JI [Qazi Hussain AHMED]; Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam, Fazlur Rehman faction or JUI/F [Fazlur REHMAN]; Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam, Sami ul-HAQ faction or JUI/S [Sami ul-HAQ]; Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan or JUP [Shah Faridul HAQ]; Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal Pakistan or MMA [Qazi Hussain AHMED]; Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Altaf faction or MQM/A [Altaf HUSSAIN]; Muttahida Quami Movement, Haqiqi faction or MQM/H [Afaq AHMAD]; National Alliance or NA [Ghulam Mustapha JATOI]; Pakhtun Khwa Milli Awami Party or PkMAP [Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI]; Pakhtun Quami Party or PQP [Mohammed Afzal KHAN]; Pakistan Awami Tehrik or PAT [Tahir ul QADRI]; Pakistan Muslim League, Functional Group or PML/F [Pir PAGARO]; Pakistan Muslim League, Nawaz Sharif faction or PML/N [Nawaz SHARIF]; Pakistan Muslim League or PML [Chaudhry Shujaat HUSSAIN]; note - as of May 2004, the PML/Q changed its name to PML and absorbed the PML/J, PML/Z, and NA; Pakistan National Party or PNP [Hasil BIZENJO]; Pakistan People's Party or PPP [Aftab Ahmed Khan SHERPAO]; Pakistan People's Party Parliamentarians or PPPP [Benazir BHUTTO]; Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf or PTI [Imran KHAN]; Tehrik-i-Islami [Allama Sajid NAQVI] note: political alliances in Pakistan can shift frequently
International Disputes: various talks and confidence-building measures cautiously have begun to defuse tensions over Kashmir, particularly since the October 2005 earthquake in the region; Kashmir nevertheless remains the site of the world's largest and most militarized territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China (Aksai Chin), India (Jammu and Kashmir), and Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas); UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) has maintained a small group of peacekeepers since 1949; India does not recognize Pakistan's ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964; in 2004, India and Pakistan instituted a cease-fire in the Kashmir, and in 2005 restored bus service across the highly militarized Line of Control; Pakistan has taken its dispute on the impact of India's building the Baglihar Dam on the Chenab River in Jammu and Kashmir to the World Bank for arbitration and in general the two states still dispute Indus River water sharing; to defuse tensions and prepare discussions on a maritime boundary, in 2004, India and Pakistan resurveyed a portion of the disputed the Sir Creek estuary at the mouth of the Rann of Kutch; Pakistani maps continue to show the Junagadh claim in India's Gujarat State; by 2005, Pakistan, with UN assistance, had repatriated 2.3 million Afghan refugees and had undertaken a census to count the remaining million or more, many of whom remain at their own choosing; Pakistan has sent troops into remote tribal areas to control the border with Afghanistan and stem organized terrorist or other illegal cross-border activities; regular meetings with Afghan and Coalition allies aim to resolve periodic claims of boundary encroachments
Illicit Drugs: opium poppy cultivation declined 58% to 3,147 hectares in 2005; federal and provincial authorities continue to conduct anti-poppy campaigns that force eradication - fines and arrests will take place if the ban on poppy cultivation is not observed; key transit point for Afghan drugs, including heroin, opium, morphine, and hashish, bound for Western markets, the Gulf States, and Africa; financial crimes related to drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, and smuggling remain problems. 
  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  
Location of Pakistan: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.
Continent: Asia Land Area Total: 803,940 sq km 
Region: South East Asia Land Area Land: 778,720 sq km
Capitol City: Islamabad Land Area Water: 25,220 sq km
Latitude: 030 00 N Border Boundary Land: 6,774 km
Longitude: 070 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,046 km 
Arable Land: 24.44 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 8,611 m Location: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen)
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Indian Ocean
Largest City in Pakistan: Karachi Karachi Largest City Population: 11,363,000
Threatened Species: 59
Environmental Issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Irrigated Land: 180,000
Bordering Countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km
Natural Resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Geographical Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west
Comparative Area of Pakistan: Slightly less than twice the size of California.
Pakistan's Geography: controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  
General Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
Natural Hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains
  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  
Economic Overview: Pakistan, an impoverished and underdeveloped country, has suffered from decades of internal political disputes, low levels of foreign investment, and a costly, ongoing confrontation with neighboring India. However, IMF-approved government policies, bolstered by generous foreign assistance and renewed access to global markets since 2001, have generated solid macroeconomic recovery the last four years. The government has made substantial macroeconomic reforms since 2000, although progress on more politically sensitive reforms has slowed. For example, in the budget for fiscal year 2006, Islamabad did not impose taxes on the agriculture or real estate sectors, despite Pakistan's chronically low tax-to-GDP ratio. While long-term prospects remain uncertain, given Pakistan's low level of development, medium-term prospects for job creation and poverty reduction are the best in more than a decade. Islamabad has raised development spending from about 2% of GDP in the 1990s to 4% in 2003, a necessary step towards reversing the broad underdevelopment of its social sector. GDP growth, spurred by double-digit gains in industrial production over the past year, has become less dependent on agriculture, and remained above 7% in 2004 and 2005. Inflation remains the biggest threat to the economy, jumping to more than 9% in 2005. The World Bank and Asian Development Bank announced that they would provide US $1 billion each in aid to help Pakistan rebuild areas hit by the October 2005 earthquake in Kashmir. Foreign exchange reserves continued to reach new levels in 2005, supported by steady worker remittances. In the near term, growth probably cannot be sustained at the 7% level; however, massive international aid, increased government spending, lower taxes, and pay increases for government workers will help Pakistan maintain strong GDP growth over the longer term.
GDP: $393,400,000,000 USD Currency: Pakistani rupee
GDP per Capita: $2,400 USD Currency Code: PKR
GDP Growth Rate: 6.90 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Pakistani rupees per US dollar - 59.515 (2005), 58.258 (2004), 57.752 (2003), 59.724 (2002), 61.927 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 21.60 % GDP of Industry: 25.10 %
GDP of Services: 53.30 %  
Inflation Rate: 9.10 % Population in Poverty: 32.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 6.60 % Tourism: 432,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 4.10 % Budget Revenue in USD: $15,450,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 27.60 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $20,070,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 76,920,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 71,540,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 64.09% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.90%
Hydro Electricity Production: 35.31% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 63,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 23,800,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 365,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 23,800,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 341,800,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 759,700,000,000 cu m
External Debt: $38,800,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $2,400,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs
Primary Industries: textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
Industrial Growth Rate: 10.70 %
Import Amount in USD: $21,260,000,000 USD - petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea
Import Partners: China 14%, Saudi Arabia 10.5%, UAE 9%, Japan 6.2%, US 5.1%, Kuwait 5.1%, Germany 4.9%
Export Amount in USD: $14,850,000,000 USD - textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs
Export Partners: US 22.6%, UAE 8.9%, UK 5.8%, China 5.4%, Germany 4.7%
GINI Index: 41.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 46,840,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 42%, industry 20%, services 38%
  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 49 Number of People with Radios: 13,500,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 22 Number of People with Televisions: 3,100,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 4,502,200 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 5,022,900
Internet Service Providers: 38,309 Internet Users: 7,500,000
Internet Country Code: .pk Newspapers: 27
Two Letter Country Code: PK Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +92 Electricity Voltage: Volts
Telephone Systems: General assessment: the domestic system is mediocre, but improving; service is adequate for government and business use, in part because major businesses have established their own private systems; since 1988, the government has promoted investment in the national telecommunications system on a priority basis, significantly increasing network capacity; despite major improvements in trunk and urban systems, telecommunication services are still not readily available to the majority of the rural population Domestic: microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, fiber-optic cable, cellular, and satellite networks International: country code - 92; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); 3 operational international gateway exchanges (1 at Karachi and 2 at Islamabad); microwave radio relay to neighboring countries (1999)
  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  


Highways: 157,975 km Railways: 8,163 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 11,766 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 91 Heliports: 18
Motor Vehicles: 9 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 93,756,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 16 ships (1000 GRT or over) 397,740 GRT/657,656 DWT by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 10, container 1, petroleum tanker 4 registered in other countries: 11 (Comoros 2, North Korea 3, Malta 1, Nigeria 1, Panama 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1) (2006)
Ports and Harbors: Karachi, Port Muhammad Bin Qasim
  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  
Population: 165,803,560 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 29.74 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 193.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.23 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.09% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.00 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 33,293,428 Population Female 0-14: 31,434,314
Population Male 15-64: 48,214,298 Population Female 15-64: 46,062,933
Population Male 65+: 3,256,065 Population Female 65+: 3,542,522
Population 0-14: 39.00% Literacy Rate: 48.70%
Population 15-64: 56.90% Literacy rate of Males: 61.70%
Population 65+: 4.10% Literacy rate of Females: 35.20%
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 63.39 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 7,045.00 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 62.40 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 64.44 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 74,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 4,900
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.59
Nationality: PAKISTANI
Ethnic Groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants) 
Primary Language: Punjabi
Other Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Primary Religion: Muslim
Other Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%
  Pakistan Facts |  Islamic Republic of Pakistan Information | Pakistan Statistics  
Branches: Army (includes National Guard), Navy (includes Marines), Air Force (2006)
Manpower Fit to Serve: 16 years of age years
Manpower Available: 75,819,364 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 57,820,634 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 3,818,309 People per year
Expenditures: $4,260,000,000 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 3.60
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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