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Papua New Guinea Facts

Papua New Guinea Facts | Independent State of Papua New Guinea Information | Papua New Guinea Statistics | Territory of Papua and New Guinea

Papua New Guinea Facts |  Independent State of Papua New Guinea Information | Papua New Guinea Statistics Papua New Guinea Facts |  Independent State of Papua New Guinea Information | Papua New Guinea Statistics
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Papua New Guinea Facts |  Independent State of Papua New Guinea Information | Papua New Guinea Statistics Papua New Guinea Facts |  Independent State of Papua New Guinea Information | Papua New Guinea Statistics
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PAPUA NEW GUINEAN Flag
 
 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN POLITICAL
  Papua New Guinea Facts |  Independent State of Papua New Guinea Information | Papua New Guinea Statistics  
Background: The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.
 
 
Common Name: Papua New Guinea Local Official Name: Papua New Guinea
Abbreviated Name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea Official Name: Papua New Guinea
Official Script Name: Papua New Guinea Local Common Name: PNG
Former Name: Territory of Papua and New Guinea Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
 
Government Type: constitutional parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: 1975 September 16 (from the Australian-administered UN
 
Constitution: 1975 September 16
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 16 September
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN (observer), C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, WToO
 
Administrative Divisions: 20 provinces; Bougainville, Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Capital, New Ireland, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English common law
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by governor general Sir Paulius MATANE (since 29 June 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since 2 August 2002); deputy prime minister Don Polye (since 5 July 2006) cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the National Executive Council; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by the governor general Legislative Branch: unicameral National Parliament - sometimes referred to as the House of Assembly (109 seats, 89 elected from open electorates and 20 from provincial electorates; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 15-29 June 2002 and April and May 2003; completed in May 2003 (voting in the Southern Highlands was not completed during the June 2002 election period); next to be held not later than June 2007 election results: percent of vote by party - National Alliance 18%, URP 13%, PDM 12%, PPP 8%, Pangu 6%, PAP 5%, PLP 4%, others 34%; seats by party - National Alliance 19, URP 14, PDM 13, PPP 8, PANGU 6, PAP 5, PLP 4, others 40; as of January 2006 - National Alliance 25, URP 10, PNGP 9, PPP 9, PANGU 6, PAP 12, PLP 4, others 34 note: association with political parties is fluid Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation with the minister responsible for justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)
 
Party Leaders: Christian Democratic Party [Dr. Banare BUN]; Melanesian Alliance Party or MAP [Sir Moi AVEL]; National Alliance Party or NA [Michael SOMARE]; National Party [Melcher PEP]; Papua and Niugini Union Party or PANGU [Rabbie NAMALIU]; Papua New Guinea First Party [Cecilking DORUBA]; Papua New Guinea Labor Party [Bob DANAYA]; Papua New Guinea Party or PNGP (was People's Democratic Movement or PDM) [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; People's Action Party or PAP [Moses MALADINA]; People's Labor Party or PLP [Ekis ROPENU]; People's National Congress or PNC [Peter O'NEILL]; People's Progress Party or PPP [Byron CHAN]; Pipol First Party [Luther WENGE]; United Party [Bire KIMASOPA]; United Resources Party or URP [Tim NEVILLE]
 
International Disputes: relies on assistance from Australia to keep out illegal cross-border activities from primarily Indonesia, including goods smuggling, illegal narcotics trafficking, and squatters and secessionists
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Papua New Guinea: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 462,840 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 452,860 sq km
Capitol City: Port Moresby Land Area Water: 9,980 sq km
      
Latitude: 006 00 S Border Boundary Land: 820 km
Longitude: 147 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 5,152 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.49 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.40 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 4,509 m Location: Mount Wilhelm
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby Port Moresby Largest City Population: 293,000
  
Threatened Species: 284
 
Environmental Issues: rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: Indonesia 820 km
 
Natural Resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
 
Comparative Area of Papua New Guinea: slightly larger than California
 
Papua New Guinea's Geography: shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
 

 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
 
Natural Hazards: active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
 
 
 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including oil, copper, and gold, account for nearly two-thirds of export earnings. The economy has improved over the past three years because of high commodity prices following a prolonged period of instability. The government of Prime Minister SOMARE has expended much of its energy remaining in power and should be the first government in decades to serve a full five-year term. The government has also brought stability to the national budget thus far, largely through expenditure control. Numerous challenges still face the government including regaining investor confidence, restoring integrity to state institutions, promoting economic efficiency by privatizing moribund state institutions, and balancing relations with Australia, the former colonial ruler. Other socio-cultural challenges include the HIV/Aids epidemic, law and order, and land tenure issues. Australia annually supplies $240 million in aid, which accounts for nearly 20% of the national budget.
 
 
GDP: $14,370,000,000 USD Currency: kina
GDP per Capita: $2,600 USD Currency Code: PGK
GDP Growth Rate: 3.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: kina per US dollar - 3.08 (2005), 3.2225 (2004), 3.5635 (2003), 3.8952 (2002), 3.3887 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 35.30 % GDP of Industry: 38.10 %
GDP of Services: 26.60 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 1.70 % Population in Poverty: 27.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 2.80 % Tourism: 67,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 1.70 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,368,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 40.50 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,354,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 1,592,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,481,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 54.55% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 45.45% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 50,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 140,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 18,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 140,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 170,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 345,500,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $1,882,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa, copra, palm kernels, tea, sugar, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, vanilla; shell fish, poultry, pork
 
Primary Industries: copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1,651,000,000 USD - machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
 
Import Partners: Australia 54.6%, Singapore 13.4%, Japan 4.3%, Malaysia 4.2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $2,833,000,000 USD - oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
 
Export Partners: Australia 28.7%, Japan 8.6%, China 5.4%
 
    
GINI Index: 50.90%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,413,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 85%, industry NA%, services NA%
 
  
 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 55 Number of People with Radios: 410,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 59,841
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 62,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 26,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 1,573 Internet Users: 170,000
 
Internet Country Code: .pg Newspapers: 15
Two Letter Country Code: PP Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 675 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: services are adequate; facilities provide radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radio communication services domestic: mostly radiotelephone international: country code - 675; submarine cables to Australia and Guam; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); international radio communication service
 
  
 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 686 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 10,940 km
Airports: 21 Heliports: 2
 
Motor Vehicles: 24 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 2,451,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.60 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 24 ships (1000 GRT or over) 55,532 GRT/72,240 DWT by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 18, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1 foreign-owned: 6 (UK 6)
 
Ports and Harbors: Kimbe, Lae, Rabaul
 
  
 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN PEOPLE
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Population: 5,670,544 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 29.36 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 12.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.25 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.21% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.88 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,090,879 Population Female 0-14: 1,054,743
Population Male 15-64: 1,703,204 Population Female 15-64: 1,601,224
Population Male 65+: 103,054 Population Female 65+: 117,440
 
Population 0-14: 37.80% Literacy Rate: 64.60%
Population 15-64: 58.30% Literacy rate of Males: 71.10%
Population 65+: 3.90% Literacy rate of Females: 57.70%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 65.28 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 49.96 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 63.08 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 67.58 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.60% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 16,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 600
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: PAPUA NEW GUINEAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region note: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
 
  
 PAPUA NEW GUINEAN MILITARY
  Papua New Guinea Facts |  Independent State of Papua New Guinea Information | Papua New Guinea Statistics  
  
Branches: Papua New Guinea Defense Force (includes Maritime Operations Element, Air Operations Element)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 2,431,916 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,797,191 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.40
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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