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Paraguay Facts

Paraguay Facts | Republic of Paraguay Information | Paraguay Statistics | Paraguay

Paraguay Facts |  Republic of Paraguay Information | Paraguay Statistics Paraguay Facts |  Republic of Paraguay Information | Paraguay Statistics
South America Continent
 
Southern American Map
 
Paraguay Facts |  Republic of Paraguay Information | Paraguay Statistics Paraguay Facts |  Republic of Paraguay Information | Paraguay Statistics
Paraguay Map
 
PARAGUAYAN Flag
 
 PARAGUAYAN POLITICAL
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Background: In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70), Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Bolivia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.
 
 
Common Name: Paraguay Local Official Name: Paraguay
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Paraguay Official Name: Republica del Paraguay
Official Script Name: Paraguay Local Common Name: Paraguay
Former Name: Paraguay Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS
 
Government Type: constitutional republic
 
Independence: 1811 May 14 (from Spain)
 
Constitution: promulgated 1992 June 20
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 14 May
 
International Organization Participation: CAN (associate), CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 17 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital city*; Alto Paraguay, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion*, Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Argentine codes, Roman law, and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court of Justice
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS (since 15 August 2003); Vice President Luis CASTIGLIONI Joria (since 15 August 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS (since 15 August 2003); Vice President Luis CASTIGLIONI Joria (since 15 August 2003) cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the president elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held 27 April 2003 (next to be held April 2008) election results: Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS elected president; percent of vote - Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS 37.1%, Julio Cesar Ramon FRANCO Gomez 23.9%, Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella 21.3%, Guillermo SANCHEZ Guffanti 13.5%, other 4.2% Legislatve Branch: bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 27 April 2003 (next to be held April 2008); Chamber of Deputies - last held 27 April 2003 (next to be held April 2008) election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ANR 16, PLRA 12, UNACE 7, PQ 7, PPS 2, PEN 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ANR 37, PLRA 21, UNACE 10, PQ 10, PPS 2 note: as of January 2006, changes in party affiliation has led to the composition of the legislature as follows: Chamber of Senators - seats by party - ANR 18, PLRA 12, UNACE 5, PQ 7, PPS 2, PEN 1; Chamber of Deputies - seats by party - ANR 39, PLRA 21, UNACE 8, PQ 10, PPS 2 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges appointed on the proposal of the Council of Magistrates or Consejo de la Magistratura)
 
Party Leaders: Asociacion Nacional Republicana - Colorado Party or ANR [Herminio CACERES, interim president]; Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos or UNACE [Enrique GONZALEZ Quintana, acting chairman]; Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party) or PQ [Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella]; Partido Encuentro Nacional or PEN [Luis TORALES Kennedy]; Partido Liberal Radical Autentico or PLRA [Blas LLANO]; Partido Pais Solidario or PPS [Carlos Alberto FILIZZOLA Pallares] note: Nicanor DUARTE FRUTOS on leave as party leader of the Colorado Party or ANR while serving as President of Paraguay; Lino Cesar OVIEDO Silva, leader of UNACE, is currently serving a ten-year prison term
 
International Disputes: unruly region at convergence of Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising for extremist organizations
 
Illicit Drugs: major illicit producer of cannabis, most or all of which is consumed in Brazil, Argentina, and Chile; transshipment country for Andean cocaine headed for Brazil, other Southern Cone markets, and Europe; corruption and some money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; weak anti-money-laundering laws and enforcement 
 
 
 PARAGUAYAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Paraguay: Central South America, northeast of Argentina
 
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 406,750 sq km 
Region: Southern American Land Area Land: 397,300 sq km
Capitol City: Asuncion Land Area Water: 9,450 sq km
      
Latitude: 023 00 S Border Boundary Land: 3,920 km
Longitude: 058 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 7.47 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.24 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 842 m Location: Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu)
Lowest Elevation: 46 m Location: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana
  
Largest City in Paraguay: Asunci?n Asunci?n Largest City Population: 1,224,000
  
Threatened Species: 48
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal present health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban
 
Irrigated Land: 670
 
Bordering Countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km
 
Natural Resources: hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
 
Geographical Terrain: grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
 
Comparative Area of Paraguay: slightly smaller than California
 
Paraguay's Geography: landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; population concentrated in southern part of country
 

 PARAGUAYAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
 
Natural Hazards: local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)
 
 
 PARAGUAYAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Landlocked Paraguay has a market economy marked by a large informal sector. This sector features both reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries, as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. A large percentage of the population derives its living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. The formal economy grew by an average of about 3% annually in 1995-97, but averaged near-zero growth in 1998-2001 and contracted by 2.3 percent in 2002, in response to regional contagion and an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paraguay's poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, lack of progress on structural reform, substantial internal and external debt, and deficient infrastructure. Aided by a firmer exchange rate and perhaps a greater confidence in the economic policy of the DUARTE FRUTOS administration, the economy rebounded between 2003 and 2005, posting modest growth each year.
 
 
GDP: $29,110,000,000 USD Currency: guarani
GDP per Capita: $4,600 USD Currency Code: PYG
GDP Growth Rate: 2.70 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: guarani per US dollar - 6,178 (2005), 5,974.6 (2004), 6,424.3 (2003), 5,716.3 (2002), 4,105.9 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 22.40 % GDP of Industry: 20.70 %
GDP of Services: 56.90 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 6.80 % Population in Poverty: 32.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 16.00 % Tourism: 269,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.50 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,334,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 43.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,370,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 51,290,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 44,170,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 3,528,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.04% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 99.85% Other Electricity Production: 0.11%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 25,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $3,450,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber
 
Primary Industries: sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $3,832,000,000 USD - road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery
 
Import Partners: Brazil 26.8%, Argentina 21.1%, US 20.8%, China 9.5%
 
Export Amount in USD: $3,130,000,000 USD - soybeans, feed, cotton, meat, edible oils, electricity, wood, leather
 
Export Partners: Uruguay 26.7%, Brazil 15.2%, Argentina 4.8%, Chile 4.7%
 
    
GINI Index: 56.80%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,680,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 45%
 
  
 PARAGUAYAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 79 Number of People with Radios: 925,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 5 Number of People with Televisions: 990,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 320,300 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,887,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 13,178 Internet Users: 200,000
 
Internet Country Code: .py Newspapers: 43
Two Letter Country Code: PA Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 595 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: meager telephone service; principal switching center is in Asuncion domestic: fair microwave radio relay network international: country code - 595; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 PARAGUAYAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 14,986 km Railways: 36 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 3,100 km
Airports: 12 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 63 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 3,814,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.70 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 21 ships (1000 GRT or over) 34,749 GRT/39,280 DWT by type: cargo 15, livestock carrier 1, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1 foreign-owned: 3 (Argentina 3) registered in other countries: 1 (Ecuador 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Asuncion, Villeta, San Antonio, Encarnacion
 
  
 PARAGUAYAN PEOPLE
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Population: 6,506,464 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 29.10 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 14.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.49 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.45% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.89 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,245,149 Population Female 0-14: 1,204,970
Population Male 15-64: 1,878,761 Population Female 15-64: 1,862,266
Population Male 65+: 145,899 Population Female 65+: 169,419
 
Population 0-14: 37.70% Literacy Rate: 94.00%
Population 15-64: 57.50% Literacy rate of Males: 94.90%
Population 65+: 4.80% Literacy rate of Females: 93.00%
 
Population that is Male: 50.50 % Population that is Female: 49.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 75.10 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 24.78 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 72.56 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 77.78 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.50% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 15,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 600
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.08
 
Nationality: PARAGUAYAN
 
Ethnic Groups: mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5% 
 
  
Primary Language: Spanish
 
Other Languages: Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite and other Protestant 10%
 
  
 PARAGUAYAN MILITARY
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Branches: Army, National Navy (Armada Nacional, includes Naval Aviation, Marine Corps, General Naval Prefecture), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Paraguay, FAP)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 2,687,747 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,244,212 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 125,275 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.90
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 PARAGUAYAN RESOURCES
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Paraguay Spa and Resort Directory
 
Paraguay Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Paraguay Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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