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Philippines Facts

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 FILIPINO POLITICAL
  Philippines Facts |  Republic of the Philippines Information | Philippines Statistics  
Background: The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected President and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during WWII, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Philippines attained their independence. The 20-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a widespread popular rebellion forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts, which prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president in 1992 and his administration was marked by greater stability and progress on economic reforms. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president in 1998, but was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, in January 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and widespread demonstrations led to his ouster. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term in May 2004. The Philippine Government faces threats from armed communist insurgencies and from Muslim separatists in the south.
 
 
Common Name: Philippines Local Official Name: Pilipinas
Abbreviated Name: Republic of the Philippines Official Name: Republika ng Pilipinas
Official Script Name: Philippines Local Common Name: Philippines
Former Name: Philippines Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1898 July 12 (from Spain)
 
Constitution: 1987 February 2 (effective 1987 February 11)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day (from Spain), 12 June
 
International Organization Participation: APEC, APT, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIS, CP, EAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS (observer), ONUB, OPCW, PIF (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 79 provinces and 117 chartered cities provinces: Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Aklan, Albay, Antique, Apayao, Aurora, Basilan, Bataan, Batanes, Batangas, Biliran, Benguet, Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cebu, Compostela, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Eastern Samar, Guimaras, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, La Union, Leyte, Maguindanao, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Mountain Province, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, North Cotabato, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Palawan, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Romblon, Samar, Sarangani, Siquijor, Sorsogon, South Cotabato, Southern Leyte, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Tarlac, Tawi-Tawi, Zambales, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay chartered cities: Alaminos, Angeles, Antipolo, Bacolod, Bago, Baguio, Bais, Balanga, Batangas, Bayawan, Bislig, Butuan, Cabanatuan, Cadiz, Cagayan de Oro, Calamba, Calapan, Calbayog, Candon, Canlaon, Cauayan, Cavite, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Danao, Dapitan, Davao, Digos, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Escalante, Gapan, General Santos, Gingoog, Himamaylan, Iligan, Iloilo, Isabela, Iriga, Kabankalan, Kalookan, Kidapawan, Koronadal, La Carlota, Laoag, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Legazpi, Ligao, Lipa, Lucena, Maasin, Makati, Malabon, Malaybalay, Malolos, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marawi, Markina, Masbate, Muntinlupa, Munoz, Naga, Olongapo, Ormoc, Oroquieta, Ozamis, Pagadian, Palayan, Panabo, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Passi, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, Roxas, Sagay, Samal, San Carlos (in Negros Occidental), San Carlos (in Pangasinan), San Fernando (in La Union), San Fernando (in Pampanga), San Jose, San Jose del Monte, San Pablo, Santa Rosa, Santiago, Silay, Sipalay, Sorsogon, Surigao, Tabaco, Tacloban, Tacurong, Tagaytay, Tagbilaran, Taguig, Tagum, Talisay (in Cebu), Talisay (in Negros Oriental), Tanauan, Tangub, Tanjay, Tarlac, Toledo, Tuguegarao, Trece Martires, Urdaneta, Valencia, Valenzuela, Victorias, Vigan, Zamboanga
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Spanish and Anglo-American law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 January 2001) and Vice President Teofisto GUINGONA (since 20 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 January 2001) and Vice President Teofisto GUINGONA (since 20 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with the consent of the Commission of Appointments elections: president and vice president elected on separate tickets by popular vote for six-year terms; election last held 11 May 1998 (next to be held 16 May 2004) election results: results of the last presidential election - Joseph Ejercito ESTRADA elected president; percent of vote - approximately 40%; Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO elected vice president; percent of vote - 55%; note - on 20 January 2001, Vice President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was sworn in as the constitutional successor to President Joseph ESTRADA after the Supreme Court declared that ESTRADA was unable to rule in view of the mass resignations from his government; according to the Constitution, only in cases of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of the president, can the vice president serve for the unexpired term Legislative Branch: bicameral Congress or Kongreso consists of the Senate or Senado (24 seats - one-half elected every three years; members elected at large by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (212 members representing districts plus 24 sectoral party-list members; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; note - the Constitution prohibits the House of Representatives from having more than 250 members) elections: Senate - last held 10 May 2004 (next to be held in May 2007); House of Representatives - elections last held 10 May 2004 (next to be held in May 2007) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - Lakas 30%, LP 13%, KNP 13%, independents 17%, others 27%; seats by party - Lakas 7, LP 3, KNP (coalition) 3, independents 4, others 6; note - there are 23 rather than 24 sitting senators because one senator was elected vice president; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Lakas 93, NPC 53, LP 34, LDP 11, others 20; party-listers 24 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (15 justices are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council and serve until 70 years of age); Court of Appeals; Sandigan-bayan (special court for hearing corruption cases of government officials)
 
Party Leaders: Kabalikat Ng Malayang Pilipino (Kampi) [Ronaldo PUNO]; Laban Ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Filipino Democrats) or LDP [Edgardo ANGARA]; Lakas Ng Edsa (National Union of Christian Democrats) or Lakas [Jose DE VENECIA]; Liberal Party or LP [Franklin DRILON/Eli QUINTO]; Nacionalista [Manuel VILLAR]; National People's Coalition or NPC [Frisco SAN JUAN]; PDP-Laban [Aquilino PIMENTEL]; People's Reform Party [Miriam Defensor SANTIAGO]; PROMDI [Emilio OSMENA]; Pwersa Ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Philippine Masses) or PMP [Joseph ESTRADA]; Reporma [Renato DE VILLA]
 
International Disputes: Philippines claims sovereignty over certain of the Spratly Islands, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," has eased tensions in the Spratly Islands but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Philippines Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf
 
Illicit Drugs: domestic methamphetamine production has been a growing problem in recent years; longstanding marijuana producer 
 
 
 FILIPINO GEOGRAPHY
  Philippines Facts |  Republic of the Philippines Information | Philippines Statistics  
 
Location of Philippines: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam
 
Continent: Asia Land Area Total: 300,000 sq km 
Region: North East Asia Land Area Land: 298,170 sq km
Capitol City: Manila Land Area Water: 1,830 sq km
      
Latitude: 013 00 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 122 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 36,289 km 
  
Arable Land: 19.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 16.67 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,954 m Location: Mount Apo
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Philippine Sea
  
Largest City in Philippines: Manila Manila Largest City Population: 10,546,000
  
Threatened Species: 409
 
Environmental Issues: uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
 
Irrigated Land: 15,500
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
 
Comparative Area of Philippines: slightly larger than Arizona
 
Philippines's Geography: the Philippine archipelago is made up of 7,107 islands; favorably located in relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait
 

 FILIPINO CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
 
Natural Hazards: astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
 
 
 FILIPINO ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The Philippines was less severely affected by the Asian financial crisis of 1998 than its neighbors, aided in part by its high level of annual remittances from overseas workers, and no sustained runup in asset prices or foreign borrowing prior to the crisis. From a 0.6% decline in 1998, GDP expanded by 2.4% in 1999, and 4.4% in 2000, but slowed to 3.2% in 2001 in the context of a global economic slowdown, an export slump, and political and security concerns. GDP growth accelerated to about 5% between 2002 and 2005 reflecting the continued resilience of the service sector, and improved exports and agricultural output. Nonetheless, it will take a higher, sustained growth path to make appreciable progress in the alleviation of poverty given the Philippines' high annual population growth rate and unequal distribution of income. The Philippines also faces higher oil prices, higher interest rates on its dollar borrowings, and higher inflation. Fiscal constraints limit Manila's ability to finance infrastructure and social spending. The Philippines' consistently large budget deficit has produced a high debt level, and this situation has forced Manila to spend a large portion of the national government budget on debt service. Large unprofitable public enterprises, especially in the energy sector, contribute to the government's debt because of slow progress on privatization. Credit rating agencies have at times expressed concern about the Philippines' ability to service the debt, though central bank reserves appear adequate and large remittance inflows appear stable. The implementation of the expanded Value Added Tax (VAT) in November 2005 boosted confidence in the government's fiscal capacity and helped to strengthen the peso, which gained 5.7 percent year-on-year, making it East Asia's best performing currency in 2005. Investors and credit rating institutions will continue to look for effective implementation of the new VAT and continued improvement in the government's overall fiscal capacity in the coming year.
 
 
GDP: $451,300,000,000 USD Currency: Philippine peso
GDP per Capita: $5,100 USD Currency Code: PHP
GDP Growth Rate: 5.10 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Philippine pesos per US dollar - 55.086 (2005), 56.04 (2004), 54.203 (2003), 51.604 (2002), 50.993 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 14.40 % GDP of Industry: 32.60 %
GDP of Services: 53.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 7.60 % Population in Poverty: 40.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 8.70 % Tourism: 2,171,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.30 % Budget Revenue in USD: $12,380,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 31.90 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $15,770,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 47,820,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 44,480,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 57.57% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 19.85% Other Electricity Production: 22.58%
   
Oil Production: 14,360 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 2,300,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 335,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 2,300,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 312,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 152,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 106,800,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $65,710,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $2,000,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish
 
Primary Industries: electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 2.20 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $42,660,000,000 USD - raw materials, machinery and equipment, fuels, vehicles and vehicle parts, plastic, chemicals, grains
 
Import Partners: US 19.2%, Japan 17%, Singapore 7.9%, Taiwan 7.5%, China 6.3%, South Korea 4.8%, Saudi Arabia 4.6%, Hong Kong 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $41,250,000,000 USD - electronic equipment, machinery and transport equipment, garments, optical instruments, coconut products, fruits and nuts, copper products, chemicals
 
Export Partners: US 18%, Japan 17.5%, China 9.9%, Netherlands 9.8%, Hong Kong 8.1%, Singapore 6.6%, Malaysia 6%, Taiwan 4.6%
 
    
GINI Index: 46.60%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 36,730,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 36% industry: 16% services: 48%
 
  
 FILIPINO COMMUNICATIONS
  Philippines Facts |  Republic of the Philippines Information | Philippines Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 957 Number of People with Radios: 11,500,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 225 Number of People with Televisions: 3,700,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 3,437,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 32,935,900
 
Internet Service Providers: 96,500 Internet Users: 7,820,000
 
Internet Country Code: .ph Newspapers: 61
Two Letter Country Code: RP Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 63 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: General assessment: good international radiotelephone and submarine cable services; domestic and inter-island service adequate Domestic: domestic satellite system with 11 earth stations International: country code - 63; 9 international gateways; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to Hong Kong, Guam, Singapore, Taiwan, and Japan
 
  
 FILIPINO TRANSPORTATION
  Philippines Facts |  Republic of the Philippines Information | Philippines Statistics  

   

Highways: 19,804 km Railways: 897 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 800 km Waterways: 3,219 km
Airports: 83 Heliports: 2
 
Motor Vehicles: 32 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 74,194,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 1.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 403 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,661,285 GRT/6,426,183 DWT by type: bulk carrier 82, cargo 115, chemical tanker 13, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 17, passenger 9, passenger/cargo 73, petroleum tanker 42, refrigerated cargo 15, roll on/roll off 13, vehicle carrier 13 foreign-owned: 66 (Greece 5, Hong Kong 3, Japan 26, Malaysia 1, Netherlands 19, Norway 3, UAE 1, US 8) registered in other countries: 41 (Australia 1, Bahamas 1, Cambodia 1, Cayman Islands 1, Comoros 1, Cyprus 1, Hong Kong 16, Indonesia 1, Panama 13, Singapore 5)
 
Ports and Harbors: Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Iligan, Iloilo, Manila, Surigao
 
  
 FILIPINO PEOPLE
  Philippines Facts |  Republic of the Philippines Information | Philippines Statistics  
 
Population: 89,468,677 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 24.89 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 267.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.41 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.80% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.11 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 15,961,365 Population Female 0-14: 15,340,065
Population Male 15-64: 27,173,919 Population Female 15-64: 27,362,736
Population Male 65+: 1,576,089 Population Female 65+: 2,054,503
 
Population 0-14: 35.00% Literacy Rate: 92.60%
Population 15-64: 61.00% Literacy rate of Males: 92.50%
Population 65+: 4.10% Literacy rate of Females: 92.70%
 
Population that is Male: 50.00 % Population that is Female: 50.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 70.21 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 22.81 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 67.32 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 73.24 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 9,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk: High
 
Diseases: food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations animal contact disease: rabies
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -1.48
 
Nationality: FILIPINO
 
Ethnic Groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% 
 
  
Primary Language: Filipino
 
Other Languages: two official languages - Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English; eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 80.9%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1%
 
  
 FILIPINO MILITARY
  Philippines Facts |  Republic of the Philippines Information | Philippines Statistics  
  
Branches: Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP): Army, Navy (including Marine Corps), Air Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 40,140,705 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 32,101,287 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 1,786,254 People per year
 
Expenditures: $836,900,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.90
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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