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Portugal Facts

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  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
Background: Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.
Common Name: Portugal Local Official Name: Portugal
Abbreviated Name: Portuguese Republic Official Name: Republica Portuguesa
Official Script Name: Portugal Local Common Name: Portugal
Former Name: Portugal Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Anibal CAVACO Silva
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
Independence: 1143 (Kingdom of Portugal recognized); 5 October 1910 (independent republic proclaimed)
Constitution: 25 April 1976; revised many times
National Holiday: Portugal Day, 10 June
International Organization Participation: AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, ONUB, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
Administrative Divisions: 18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas, singular - regiao autonoma); Aveiro, Acores (Azores)*, Beja, Braga, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa, Madeira*, Portalegre, Porto, Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: civil law system; the Constitutional Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Anibal CAVACO Silva (since 9 March 2006) head of government: Prime Minister Jose SOCRATES (since 12 March 2005) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister note: there is also a Council of State that acts as a consultative body to the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 22 January 2006 (next to be held January 2011); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president election results: Anibal CAVACO Silva elected president; percent of vote - Anibal CAVACO Silva 50.6%, Manuel ALEGRE 20.7%, Mario SOARES 14.3%, Jeronimo de SOUSA 8.5%, Franciso LOUCA 5.3% Legislative Branch: unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (230 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 20 February 2005 (next to be held February 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - PS 45.1%, PSD 28.7%, CDU 7.6%, PP 7.3%, BE 6.4%; seats by party - PS 121, PSD 75, CDU 14, PP 12, BE 8 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal de Justica (judges appointed for life by the Conselho Superior da Magistratura)
Party Leaders: Green Ecologist Party or PEV [Heloisa APOLONIA]; Popular Party or PP [Jose Ribeiro e CASTRO]; Portuguese Communist Party or PCP [Jeronimo de SOUSA]; Portuguese Socialist Party or PS [Jose SOCRATES Carvalho Pinto de Sousa]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Luis Marques MENDES]; The Left Bloc or BE [Franciso Anacleto LOUCA]; Unitarian Democratic Coalition or CDU (includes PEV and PCP) [Jeronimo de SOUSA]
International Disputes: Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz
Illicit Drugs: gateway country for Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin entering the European market (especially from Brazil); transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest Asian heroin 
  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
Location of Portugal: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 92,391 sq km 
Region: Western Europe Land Area Land: 91,951 sq km
Capitol City: Lisbon Land Area Water: 440 sq km
Latitude: 039 30 N Border Boundary Land: 1,214 km
Longitude: 008 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 1,793 km 
Arable Land: 17.29 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 7.84 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 2,351 m Location: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
Largest City in Portugal: Lisbon Lisbon Largest City Population: 3,754,000
Threatened Species: 131
Environmental Issues: soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification
Irrigated Land: 6,500
Bordering Countries: Spain 1,214 km
Natural Resources: fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Geographical Terrain: mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south
Comparative Area of Portugal: slightly smaller than Indiana
Portugal's Geography: Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
General Climate: maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
Natural Hazards: Azores subject to severe earthquakes
  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
Economic Overview: Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community in 1986. Over the past decade, successive governments have privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors. The country qualified for the European Monetary Union (EMU) in 1998 and began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU member economies. Economic growth had been above the EU average for much of the past decade, but fell back in 2001-05. GDP per capita stands at two-thirds that of the Big Four EU economies. A poor educational system, in particular, has been an obstacle to greater productivity and growth. Portugal has been increasingly overshadowed by lower-cost producers in Central Europe and Asia as a target for foreign direct investment. The government faces tough choices in its attempts to boost Portugal's economic competitiveness while keeping the budget deficit within the eurozone's 3%-of-GDP ceiling.
GDP: $200,600,000,000 USD Currency: euro
GDP per Capita: $19,000 USD Currency Code: EUR
GDP Growth Rate: 0.40 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 5.30 % GDP of Industry: 27.40 %
GDP of Services: 67.30 %  
Inflation Rate: 2.30 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 7.60 % Tourism: 11,632,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.10 % Budget Revenue in USD: $78,840,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 28.40 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $90,270,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 44,320,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 3,100,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 44,010,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 5,900,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 70.03% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 25.91% Other Electricity Production: 4.06%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 326,500 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 2,983,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 28,830 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 357,300 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 2,553,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $287,800,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $271,000,000 USD
Agricultural Products: grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, dairy products; fish
Primary Industries: textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship co
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $60,350,000,000 USD - machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum, textiles, agricultural products
Import Partners: Spain 29%, Germany 13.4%, France 8.5%, Italy 5.2%, Netherlands 4.3%, UK 4.2%
Export Amount in USD: $38,800,000,000 USD - clothing and footwear, machinery, chemicals, cork and paper products, hides
Export Partners: Spain 25.9%, France 13.1%, Germany 11.9%, UK 8%, US 5.4%, Italy 4.3%
GINI Index: 38.50%
Labor Force Number of People: 5
Labor Force by Occupations: services 60%, industry 30%, agriculture 10%
  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 221 Number of People with Radios: 3,020,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 62 Number of People with Televisions: 3,310,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 4,234,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 11,448,000
Internet Service Providers: 845,980 Internet Users: 7,782,700
Internet Country Code: .pt Newspapers: 32
Two Letter Country Code: PO Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 351 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: Portugal's telephone system has achieved a state-of-the-art network with broadband, high-speed capabilities and a main line telephone density of 53% domestic: integrated network of coaxial cables, open-wire, microwave radio relay, and domestic satellite earth stations international: country code - 351; 6 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), NA Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to Azores; note - an earth station for Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region) is planned
  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  


Highways: 62,436 km Railways: 2,850 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 1,281 km Waterways: 210 km
Airports: 43 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 662 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 53,891,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 5.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 111 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,077,300 GRT/1,363,435 DWT by type: bulk carrier 11, cargo 27, chemical tanker 15, container 7, liquefied gas 11, passenger 9, passenger/cargo 10, petroleum tanker 8, roll on/roll off 4, vehicle carrier 9 foreign-owned: 82 (Australia 1, Belgium 8, Cyprus 1, Denmark 4, Germany 17, Greece 4, Italy 12, Japan 9, Malta 1, Mexico 1, Netherlands 1, Norway 4, Spain 15, Switzerland 3, US 1) registered in other countries: 16 (Cyprus 2, Hong Kong 1, Malta 3, Panama 10)
Ports and Harbors: Leixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines
  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
Population: 10,605,870 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 10.72 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 109.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 10.50 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.36% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.47 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 915,604 Population Female 0-14: 839,004
Population Male 15-64: 3,484,545 Population Female 15-64: 3,544,674
Population Male 65+: 751,899 Population Female 65+: 1,070,144
Population 0-14: 16.50% Literacy Rate: 93.30%
Population 15-64: 66.30% Literacy rate of Males: 95.50%
Population 65+: 17.20% Literacy rate of Females: 91.30%
Population that is Male: 47.50 % Population that is Female: 52.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.70 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 4.98 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 74.43 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 81.20 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.40% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 22,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 3.40
Nationality: PORTUGUESE
Ethnic Groups: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal 
Primary Language: Portuguese
Other Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, Protestant
  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
Branches: Army, Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP), National Republican Guard (Guarda Nacional Republicana)
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
Manpower Available: 4,840,858 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 21,930,083 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 127,815 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.30
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
  Portugal Facts |  Portuguese Republic Information | Portugal Statistics  
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