English  Your Native Language is set as English Select your native speaking language 

Reunion Facts

Reunion Facts | Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics | Bourbon Island

Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics
Africa Continent
 
Eastern African Map
 
Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics
Reunion Map
 
REUNIONESE Flag
 
 REUNIONESE POLITICAL
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
Background: The Portuguese discovered the uninhabited island in 1513. From the 17th to the 19th centuries, French immigration supplemented by influxes of Africans, Chinese, Malays, and Malabar Indians gave the island its ethnic mix. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 cost the island its importance as a stopover on the East Indies trade route.
 
 
Common Name: Reunion Local Official Name: Ile de la Reunion
Abbreviated Name: Department of Reunion Official Name: Reunion
Official Script Name: Reunion Local Common Name: Reunion
Former Name: Bourbon Island Territory of: France
 
Head of State: President Jacques CHIRAC
 
Government Type: NA
 
Independence: none (overseas department of France)
 
Constitution: 1958 September 28 (French Constitution)
 
National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July
 
International Organization Participation: FZ, InOC, WFTU
 
Administrative Divisions: none (overseas department of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 4 arrondissements, 24 communes, and 47 cantons
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: French law
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Gonthier FRIEDERICI (since NA) elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils head of government: President of the General Council Jean-Luc POUDROUX (since NA March 1998) and President of the Regional Council Paul VERGES (since NA March 1993) cabinet: NA Legislative Branch: unicameral General Council (49 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council (45 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve six-year terms) elections: General Council - last held NA March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004) election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - various right-wing candidates 27, PCR 10, PS 10, other left-wing candidates 2; Regional Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PCR 7, UDF 8, PS 6, RPR 4, various right-wing candidates 15, various left-wing candidates 5 note: Reunion elects three representatives to the French Senate; elections last held NA 2001 (next to be held NA 2006); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; Reunion also elects five deputies to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA Judicial Branch: Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel
 
Party Leaders: Communist Party of Reunion or PCR [Paul VERGES]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Andre Maurice PIHOUEE]; Socialist Party or PS [Jean-Claude FRUTEAU]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Gilbert GERARD]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 REUNIONESE GEOGRAPHY
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
 
Location of Reunion: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 2,512 sq km 
Region: Eastern African Land Area Land: 2,502 sq km
Capitol City: Saint-Denis Land Area Water: 10 sq km
      
Latitude: 021 06 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 055 36 E Border Boundary Coastline: 207 km 
  
Arable Land: 13.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 2.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,069 m Location: Piton des Neiges
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Indian Ocean
  
Largest City in Reunion: Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: NA
 
Environmental Agreements: NA
 
Irrigated Land: 120
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish, arable land, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast
 
Comparative Area of Reunion: slightly smaller than Rhode Island
 
Reunion's Geography: this mountainous, volcanic island has an active volcano, Piton de la Fournaise; there is a tropical cyclone center at Saint-Denis, which is the monitoring station for the whole of the Indian Ocean
 

 REUNIONESE CLIMATE
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation; cool and dry from May to November, hot and rainy from November to April
 
Natural Hazards: periodic, devastating cyclones (December to April); Piton de la Fournaise on the southeastern coast is an active volcano
 
 
 REUNIONESE ECONOMY
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The economy has traditionally been based on agriculture. Sugarcane has been the primary crop for more than a century, and in some years it accounts for 85% of exports. The government has been pushing the development of a tourist industry to relieve high unemployment, which amounts to more than 40% of the labor force. The gap in Reunion between the well-off and the poor is extraordinary and accounts for the persistent social tensions. The white and Indian communities are substantially better off than other segments of the population, often approaching European standards, whereas minority groups suffer the poverty and unemployment typical of the poorer nations of the African continent. The outbreak of severe rioting in February 1991 illustrates the seriousness of socioeconomic tensions. The economic well-being of Reunion depends heavily on continued financial assistance from France.
 
 
GDP: $3,400,000,000 USD Currency: euro; French franc
GDP per Capita: $4,800 USD Currency Code: EUR;
GDP Growth Rate: 3.80 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: euros per US dollar - 1.1324 (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 0.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 0.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 42.80 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $0 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $0 USD
   
Electricity Production: 1,090,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,014,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 55.05% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 44.95% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: sugarcane, vanilla, tobacco, tropical fruits, vegetables, corn
 
Primary Industries: sugar, rum, cigarettes, handicraft items, flower oil extraction
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $2,500,000,000 USD - manufactured goods, food, beverages, tobacco, machinery and transportation equipment, raw materials, and petroleum products
 
Import Partners: France 64%, Bahrain 3%, Germany 3%, Italy 3%
 
Export Amount in USD: $214,000,000 USD - sugar 63%, rum and molasses 4%, perfume essences 2%, lobster 3%
 
Export Partners: France 74%, Japan 6%, Comoros 4%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 261,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 8%, industry 19%, services 73%
 
  
 REUNIONESE COMMUNICATIONS
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 57 Number of People with Radios: 173,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 35 Number of People with Televisions: 127,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 268,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 197,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 10,000
 
Internet Country Code: .re Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: RE Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +262 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: adequate system; principal center is Saint-Denis domestic: modern open wire and microwave radio relay network international: radiotelephone communication to Comoros, France, Madagascar; new microwave route to Mauritius; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
 
  
 REUNIONESE TRANSPORTATION
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  

   

Highways: 1,300 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 28,264 GRT/44,885 DWT note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: France 1 (2002 est.) ships by type: chemical tanker 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Le Port, Pointe des Galets
 
  
 REUNIONESE PEOPLE
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
 
Population: 743,981 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 20.70 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.51 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.52% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.55 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 120,864 Population Female 0-14: 115,251
Population Male 15-64: 228,864 Population Female 15-64: 235,991
Population Male 65+: 17,459 Population Female 65+: 25,552
 
Population 0-14: 31.70% Literacy Rate: 79.00%
Population 15-64: 62.50% Literacy rate of Males: 76.00%
Population 65+: 5.80% Literacy rate of Females: 80.00%
 
Population that is Male: 49.00 % Population that is Female: 51.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 73.18 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 8.31 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 69.78 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 76.74 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: REUNIONESE
 
Ethnic Groups: French, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian 
 
  
Primary Language: French
 
Other Languages: French (official), Creole widely used
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 86%, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist
 
  
 REUNIONESE MILITARY
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular indigenous military forces; French forces (including Army, Navy, Air Force, and Gendarmerie)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
 
Manpower Available: 194,485 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 99,251 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 6,243 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 REUNIONESE RESOURCES
  Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
  
Reunion Spa and Resort Directory
 
Reunion Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Reunion Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
Reunion Travel Books
 
Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
French Phrasebooks 
 
Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
Reunion Travel DVD's
Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion Statistics  
Reunion Videos
 

Reunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion StatisticsReunion Facts |  Department of Reunion Information | Reunion StatisticsSearch Phrasebase