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Saint Helena Island Facts

Saint Helena Island Facts | Saint Helena Island Information | Saint Helena Island Statistics | Saint Helena Island

Saint Helena Island Facts |  Saint Helena Island Information | Saint Helena Island Statistics Saint Helena Island Facts |  Saint Helena Island Information | Saint Helena Island Statistics
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Saint Helena Island Facts |  Saint Helena Island Information | Saint Helena Island Statistics Saint Helena Island Facts |  Saint Helena Island Information | Saint Helena Island Statistics
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 SAINT HELENIAN POLITICAL
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Background: Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502, Saint Helena was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It acquired fame as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile, from 1815 until his death in 1821, but its importance as a port of call declined after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. Ascension Island is the site of a US Air Force auxiliary airfield; Gough Island has a meteorological station.
 
 
Common Name: Saint Helena Island Local Official Name: Saint Helena Island
Abbreviated Name: Saint Helena Island Official Name: Saint Helena Island
Official Script Name: Saint Helena Island Local Common Name: Saint Helena Island
Former Name: Saint Helena Island Territory of: UK
 
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
 
Government Type: overseas territory of the UK
 
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
 
Constitution: 1989 January 1
 
National Holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June
 
International Organization Participation: ICFTU
 
Administrative Divisions: 1 administrative area and 2 dependencies*; Ascension*, Saint Helena, Tristan da Cunha*
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: NA
 
Suffrage: NA years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor is appointed by the monarch head of government: Governor and Commander in Chief David HOLLAMBY (since NA June 1999) cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, two ex officio officers, and six elected members of the Legislative Council Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislative Council (16 seats, including the speaker, 3 ex officio and 12 elected members; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 27 June 2001 (next to be held NA June 2005) election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 15 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court; Small Debts Court; Juvenile Court
 
Party Leaders: NA
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 SAINT HELENIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Saint Helena Island: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 410 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 410 sq km
Capitol City: Jamestown Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 015 56 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 005 42 W Border Boundary Coastline: 60 km 
  
Arable Land: 13.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,060 m Location: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Saint Helena Island: Largest City Population: 0
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: NA
 
Environmental Agreements: NA
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish
 
Geographical Terrain: Saint Helena - rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains note: the other islands of the group have a volcanic origin
 
Comparative Area of Saint Helena Island: slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
 
Saint Helena Island's Geography: harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns
 

 SAINT HELENIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: Saint Helena - tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds; Tristan da Cunha - temperate; marine, mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)
 
Natural Hazards: active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha
 
 
 SAINT HELENIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The economy depends largely on financial assistance from the UK, which amounted to about $5 million in 1997 or almost one-half of annual budgetary revenues. The local population earns income from fishing, the raising of livestock, and sales of handicrafts. Because there are few jobs, 25% of the work force has left to seek employment on Ascension Island, on the Falklands, and in the UK.
 
 
GDP: $18,000,000 USD Currency: Saint Helenian pound
GDP per Capita: $2,500 USD Currency Code: SHP
GDP Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Saint Helenian pounds per US dollar - 0.6981 (January 2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6047 (1997); note - the Saint Helenian pound is at par with the British pound
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 0.00 % GDP of Industry: 0.00 %
GDP of Services: 0.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.20 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 14.00 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $11,200,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $11,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 5,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 4,650,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $12,600,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: corn, potatoes, vegetables; timber; fish, crawfish (on Tristan da Cunha)
 
Primary Industries: construction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $14,434,000 USD - food, beverages, tobacco, fuel oils, animal feed, building materials, motor vehicles and parts, machinery and parts
 
Import Partners: UK, South Africa
 
Export Amount in USD: $704,000 USD - fish (frozen, canned, and salt-dried skipjack, tuna), coffee, handicrafts
 
Export Partners: South Africa, UK
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 3,500
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture and fishing 6%, industry (mainly construction) 48%, services 46%
 
  
 SAINT HELENIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Radios: 3,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 0 Number of People with Televisions: 2,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 2,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 0
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 0
 
Internet Country Code: .sh Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: SH Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +290 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: can communicate worldwide domestic: automatic network international: HF radiotelephone from Saint Helena to Ascension which is a major coaxial submarine cable relay point between South Africa, Portugal, and UK ; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 SAINT HELENIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 138 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Georgetown (on Ascension), Jamestown
 
  
 SAINT HELENIAN PEOPLE
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Population: 7,317 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 13.26 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 0.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.29 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.70% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.53 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 698 Population Female 0-14: 678
Population Male 15-64: 2,727 Population Female 15-64: 2,531
Population Male 65+: 296 Population Female 65+: 387
 
Population 0-14: 18.80% Literacy Rate: 97.00%
Population 15-64: 71.90% Literacy rate of Males: 97.00%
Population 65+: 9.30% Literacy rate of Females: 98.00%
 
Population that is Male: 52.00 % Population that is Female: 48.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 77.20 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 21.54 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 74.31 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 80.23 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: SAINT HELENIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: African descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25% 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English
 
 
Primary Religion: Anglican
 
Other Religions: Anglican (majority), Baptist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic
 
  
 SAINT HELENIAN MILITARY
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Branches: defense is the responsibility of the UK
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SAINT HELENIAN RESOURCES
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