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Sao Tome Principe Facts

Sao Tome Principe Facts | Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics | Sao Tome And Principe

Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics
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Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics
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SAO TOMEAN Flag
 
 SAO TOMEAN POLITICAL
  Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics  
Background: Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. Although independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The first free elections were held in 1991.
 
 
Common Name: Sao Tome Principe Local Official Name: Sao Tome e Principe
Abbreviated Name: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Official Name: Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe
Official Script Name: Sao Tome And Principe Local Common Name: Sao Tome Principe
Former Name: Sao Tome And Principe Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Fradique DE MENEZES
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1975 July 12 (from Portugal)
 
Constitution: approved 1990 March; effective 1990 September 10
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 12 July
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CEEAC, CEMAC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 2 provinces; Principe, Sao Tome note: Principe has had self-government since 29 April 1995
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Portuguese legal system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Fradique DE MENEZES (since 3 September 2001) election results: Fradique DE MENEZES elected president in Sao Tome's third multiparty presidential election; percent of vote - NA% elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 29 July 2001 (next to be held NA July 2006); prime minister chosen by the National Assembly and approved by the president head of government: Prime Minister Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira DA COSTA (since 8 April 2002) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (55 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 3 March 2002 (next to be held NA March 2006) election results: percent of vote by party - MLSTP 39.6%, Force for Change Democratic Movement 39.4%, Ue-Kedadji coalition 16.2%; seats by party - MLSTP 24, Force for Change Democratic Movement 23, Ue-Kedadji coalition 8 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the National Assembly)
 
Party Leaders: Democratic Renovation Party [Armindo GRACA]; Force for Change Democratic Movement [leader NA]; Independent Democratic Action or ADI [Carlos NEVES]; Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe-Social Democratic Party or MLSTP-PSD [Manuel Pinto Da COSTA]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Aldo BANDEIRA]; Ue-Kedadji coalition [leader NA]; other small parties
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 SAO TOMEAN GEOGRAPHY
  Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics  
 
Location of Sao Tome Principe: Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 1,001 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 1,001 sq km
Capitol City: Sao Tome Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 001 00 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 007 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 209 km 
  
Arable Land: 2.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 41.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,024 m Location: Pico de Sao Tome
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Sao Tome Principe: Sao Tome Sao Tome Largest City Population: 66,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 100
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
 
Comparative Area of Sao Tome Principe: more than five times the size of Washington, DC
 
Sao Tome Principe's Geography: the smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are fairly mountainous
 

 SAO TOMEAN CLIMATE
  Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
 
Natural Hazards: NA
 
 
 SAO TOMEAN ECONOMY
  Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: This small poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence 26 years ago. However, cocoa production has substantially declined because of drought and mismanagement. The resulting shortage of cocoa for export has created a persistent balance-of-payments problem. Sao Tome has to import all fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food. Over the years, it has been unable to service its external debt and has had to depend on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. Sao Tome's success in implementing structural reforms has been rewarded by international donors, who have pledged increased assistance in 2001. Considerable potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. The government also has attempted to reduce price controls and subsidies. Sao Tome is also optimistic that substantial petroleum discoveries are forthcoming in its territorial waters in the oil-rich waters of the Gulf of Guinea. Corruption scandals continue to weaken the economy.
 
 
GDP: $189,000,000 USD Currency: dobra
GDP per Capita: $1,200 USD Currency Code: STD
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: dobras per US dollar - 9,009.1 (December 2001), 8,842.1 (2001), 7,978.2 (2000), 7,119.0 (1999), 6,883.2 (1998), 4,552.5 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 25.00 % GDP of Industry: 10.00 %
GDP of Services: 65.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 7.00 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 5,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $58,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $114,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 17,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 15,810,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 41.18% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 58.82% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $253,800,000 USD Received in economic aid: $200,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish
 
Primary Industries: light construction, textiles, soap, beer; fish processing; timber
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $40,000,000 USD - machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products
 
Import Partners: Portugal 43%, France 15.7%, UK 13.7%
 
Export Amount in USD: $4,100,000 USD - cocoa 90%, copra, coffee, palm oil
 
Export Partners: Portugal 33.3%, Netherlands 8.3%, Spain 8.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing note: shortages of skilled workers
 
  
 SAO TOMEAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 6 Number of People with Radios: 38,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 23,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 3,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 6,942
 
Internet Service Providers: 2 Internet Users: 6,500
 
Internet Country Code: .st Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: ST Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +239 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: adequate facilities domestic: minimal system international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 SAO TOMEAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 218 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 41 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 169,991 GRT/245,996 DWT ships by type: bulk 6, cargo 23, chemical tanker 1, container 3, livestock carrier 1, petroleum tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 2, specialized tanker 1 note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Egypt 1, Greece 1, Kenya 1, Portugal 1, Syria 1, Turkey 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Santo Antonio, Sao Tome
 
  
 SAO TOMEAN PEOPLE
  Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics  
 
Population: 170,372 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 42.30 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 149.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.32 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 3.18% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.95 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 41,159 Population Female 0-14: 40,125
Population Male 15-64: 39,701 Population Female 15-64: 42,586
Population Male 65+: 3,115 Population Female 65+: 3,686
 
Population 0-14: 47.70% Literacy Rate: 79.30%
Population 15-64: 48.30% Literacy rate of Males: 85.00%
Population 65+: 4.00% Literacy rate of Females: 62.00%
 
Population that is Male: 48.50 % Population that is Female: 51.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 65.93 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 47.50 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 64.47 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 67.45 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -3.15
 
Nationality: SAO TOMEAN
 
Ethnic Groups: mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese) 
 
  
Primary Language: Portuguese
 
Other Languages: Portuguese (official)
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Christian 80% (Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-Day Adventist)
 
  
 SAO TOMEAN MILITARY
  Sao Tome Principe Facts |  Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Information | Sao Tome And Principe Statistics  
  
Branches: Army, Navy, Security Police
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 35,524 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18,727 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $400,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.80
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SAO TOMEAN RESOURCES
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Sao Tome Principe Spa and Resort Directory
 
Sao Tome Principe Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Sao Tome Principe Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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