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Saudi Arabia Facts

Saudi Arabia Facts | Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Information | Saudi Arabia Statistics | Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia Facts |  Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Information | Saudi Arabia Statistics Saudi Arabia Facts |  Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Information | Saudi Arabia Statistics
Middle East Continent
 
Middle Eastern Map
 
Saudi Arabia Facts |  Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Information | Saudi Arabia Statistics Saudi Arabia Facts |  Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Information | Saudi Arabia Statistics
Saudi Arabia Map
 
SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN Flag
 
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN POLITICAL
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Background: In 1902, ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman Al Saud captured Riyadh and set out on a 30-year campaign to unify the Arabian Peninsula. A son of ABD AL-AZIZ rules the country today, and the country's Basic Law stipulates that the throne shall remain in the hands of the aging sons and grandsons of the kingdom's founder. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. The continuing presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil after Operation Desert Storm remained a source of tension between the royal family and the public until the US military's near-complete withdrawal to neighboring Qatar in 2003. The first major terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia in several years, which occurred in May and November 2003, prompted renewed efforts on the part of the Saudi government to counter domestic terrorism and extremism, which also coincided with a slight upsurge in media freedom and announcement of government plans to phase in partial political representation. As part of this effort, the government permitted elections - held nationwide from February through April 2005 - for half the members of 179 municipal councils. A burgeoning population, aquifer depletion, and an economy largely dependent on petroleum output and prices are all ongoing governmental concerns.
 
 
Common Name: Saudi Arabia Local Official Name: Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
Abbreviated Name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Official Name: Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
Official Script Name: Saudi Arabia Local Common Name: Saudi Arabia
Former Name: Saudi Arabia Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: King and Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud
 
Government Type: monarchy
 
Independence: 1932 September 23 (Unification of the Kingdom)
 
Constitution: governed according to Shari'a law; the Basic Law that articulates the government's rights and responsibilities was introduced in 1993
 
National Holiday: Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September
 
International Organization Participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, BIS, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, WToO
 
Administrative Divisions: 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah); Al Bahah, Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah, Al Jawf, Al Madinah, Al Qasim, Ar Riyad, Ash Sharqiyah (Eastern Province), 'Asir, Ha'il, Jizan, Makkah, Najran, Tabuk
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Islamic law, several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 21 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: King and Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 August 2005); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SULTAN bin Abd al- Aziz Al Saud (half brother of the monarch, born 5 January 1928) note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: King and Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 August 2005); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SULTAN bin Abd al- Aziz Al Saud (half brother of the monarch, born 5 January 1928) note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Council of Ministers is appointed by the monarch and includes many royal family members elections: none; the monarch is hereditary Legislative Branch: Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura (120 members and a chairman appointed by the monarch for four-year terms); note - in October 2003, Council of Ministers announced its intent to introduce elections for half of the members of local and provincial assemblies and a third of the members of the national Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura, incrementally over a period of four to five years; in November 2004, the Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs initiated voter registration for partial municipal council elections held nationwide from February through April 2005 Judicial Branch: Supreme Council of Justice
 
Party Leaders: none allowed
 
International Disputes: despite resistance from nomadic groups, the demarcation of the Saudi Arabia-Yemen boundary established under the 2000 Jeddah Treaty is almost complete; Saudi Arabia still maintains the concrete-filled pipe as a security barrier along sections of the border with Yemen in 2004 to stem illegal cross-border activities; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue discussions on a maritime boundary with Iran; the United Arab Emirate 2006 Yearbook published a map and text rescinding the 1974 boundary with Saudi Arabia, as stipulated in a treaty filed with the UN in 1993, on the grounds that the agreement was not formally ratified
 
Illicit Drugs: death penalty for traffickers; increasing consumption of heroin, cocaine, and hashish; improving anti-money-laundering legislation and enforcement 
 
 
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Saudi Arabia: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
 
Continent: Middle East Land Area Total: 1,960,582 sq km 
Region: Middle Eastern Land Area Land: 1,960,582 sq km
Capitol City: Riyadh Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 025 00 N Border Boundary Land: 4,431 km
Longitude: 045 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 2,640 km 
  
Arable Land: 1.67 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.09 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,133 m Location: Jabal Sawda'
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Persian Gulf
  
Largest City in Saudi Arabia: Riyadh Riyadh Largest City Population: 3,183,000
  
Threatened Species: 38
 
Environmental Issues: desertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 16,200
 
Bordering Countries: Iraq 814 km, Jordan 744 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
 
Comparative Area of Saudi Arabia: slightly more than one-fifth the size of the US
 
Saudi Arabia's Geography: extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal
 

 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
 
Natural Hazards: frequent sand and dust storms
 
 
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: This is an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. Saudi Arabia possesses 25% of the world's proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 75% of budget revenues, 45% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. About 40% of GDP comes from the private sector. Roughly 5.5 million foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy, particularly, in the oil and service sectors. The government is encouraging private sector growth to lessen the kingdom's dependence on oil and increase employment opportunities for the swelling Saudi population. The government has begun to permit private sector and foreign investor participation in the power generation and telecom sectors. As part of its effort to attract foreign investment and diversify the economy, Saudi Arabia acceded to the WTO in 2005 after many years of negotiations. With high oil revenues enabling the government to post large budget surpluses, Riyadh has been able to substantially boost spending on job training and education, infrastructure development, and government salaries.
 
 
GDP: $346,300,000,000 USD Currency: Saudi riyal
GDP per Capita: $13,100 USD Currency Code: SAR
GDP Growth Rate: 6.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Saudi riyals per US dollar - 3.747 (2005), 3.75 (2004), 3.75 (2003), 3.75 (2002), 3.75 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 3.30 % GDP of Industry: 61.30 %
GDP of Services: 35.40 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 0.40 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 13.00 % Tourism: 3,700,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $143,700,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $89,650,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 145,100,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 134,900,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 9,475,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 60,060,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 1,775,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 60,060,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 7,920,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 262,700,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 6,544,000,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $36,780,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $548,000,000 USD
   
Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk
 
Primary Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals; ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics; metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 5.30 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $44,930,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles
 
Import Partners: US 13%, Germany 9.5%, Japan 7.9%, China 7.3%, France 4.7%, Italy 4.2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $165,000,000,000 USD - petroleum and petroleum products 90%
 
Export Partners: US 16.4%, Japan 16.1%, South Korea 9.1%, China 6.9%, Singapore 5.1%, Taiwan 4.2%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 6,760,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 12%, industry 25%, services 63%
 
  
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 76 Number of People with Radios: 6,250,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 117 Number of People with Televisions: 5,100,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 3,800,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 13,300,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 10,931 Internet Users: 2,540,000
 
Internet Country Code: .sa Newspapers: 57
Two Letter Country Code: SA Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 966 Electricity Voltage: 127/220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern system domestic: extensive microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and fiber-optic cable systems international: country code - 966; microwave radio relay to Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Yemen, and Sudan; coaxial cable to Kuwait and Jordan; submarine cable to Djibouti, Egypt and Bahrain; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (3 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Arabsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Indian Ocean region)
 
  
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 45,461 km Railways: 1,392 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 8,962 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 73 Heliports: 6
 
Motor Vehicles: 349 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 266,069,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 13.70 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 60 ships (1000 GRT or over) 837,272 GRT/1,064,377 DWT by type: cargo 5, chemical tanker 15, container 4, passenger/cargo 8, petroleum tanker 18, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 9 foreign-owned: 9 (Egypt 2, Kuwait 5, Sudan 1, UAE 1) registered in other countries: 55 (Bahamas 12, Comoros 3, Dominica 3, French Southern and Antarctic Lands 1, Liberia 24, Marshall Islands 1, Norway 3, Panama 8)
 
Ports and Harbors: Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jiddah, Yanbu' al Sinaiyah
 
  
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN PEOPLE
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Population: 27,019,731 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 29.34 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 11.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 2.58 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.18% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.00 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 5,261,530 Population Female 0-14: 5,059,041
Population Male 15-64: 9,159,519 Population Female 15-64: 6,895,616
Population Male 65+: 342,020 Population Female 65+: 302,005
 
Population 0-14: 38.20% Literacy Rate: 78.80%
Population 15-64: 59.40% Literacy rate of Males: 84.70%
Population 65+: 2.40% Literacy rate of Females: 70.80%
 
Population that is Male: 60.00 % Population that is Female: 40.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 75.67 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 12.81 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 73.66 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 77.78 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.01% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -4.94
 
Nationality: SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10% 
 
  
Primary Language: Arabic
 
Other Languages: Arabic
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim
 
  
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN MILITARY
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Branches: Land Forces (Army), Navy, Air Force, Air Defense Force, National Guard, Ministry of Interior Forces (paramilitary)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 6,182,821 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 11,252,056 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 481,834 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 10.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SAUDI OR SAUDI ARABIAN RESOURCES
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Saudi Arabia Spa and Resort Directory
 
Saudi Arabia Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Saudi Arabia Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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Saudi Arabia Travel Books
 
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Arabic Phrasebooks 
 
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Saudi Arabia Travel DVD's
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