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Senegal Facts

Senegal Facts | Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics | Senegal

Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics
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Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics
Senegal Map
  Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics  
Background: Independent from France in 1960, Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. However, the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989. Despite peace talks, a southern separatist group sporadically has clashed with government forces since 1982. Senegal has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping.
Common Name: Senegal Local Official Name: Senegal
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Senegal Official Name: Republique du Senegal
Official Script Name: Senegal Local Common Name: Senegal
Former Name: Senegal Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Abdoulaye WADE
Government Type: republic under multiparty democratic rule
Independence: 4 April 1960 (from France)
Constitution: (a new constitution was adopted 2001 January 7)
National Holiday: Independence Day, 4 April
Administrative Divisions: 10 regions (regions, singular - region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Saint-Louis, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor note: there may be another region called Matam
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on French civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court; the Council of State audits the government's accounting office; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Abdoulaye WADE (since 1 April 2000) head of government: Prime Minister Madior BOYE (since 3 March 2001) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president election results: Abdoulaye WADE elected president; percent of vote in the second round of voting - Abdoulaye WADE (PDS) 58.49%, Abdou DIOUF (PS) 41.51% elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term under new constitution; election last held 27 February and 19 March 2000 (next to be held 27 February 2005); prime minister appointed by the president Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (120 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 29 April 2001 (next to be held NA 2006) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SOPI Coalition 89, AFP 11, PS 10, other 10 note: the former National Assembly, dissolved in the spring of 2001, had 140 seats Judicial Branch: Constitutional Court; Council of State; Court of Final Appeals or Cour de Cassation; Court of Appeals; note-the judicial system was reformed in 1992
Party Leaders: African Party for Democracy and Socialism or And Jef (also known as PADS/AJ) [Landing SAVANE, secretary general]; African Party of Independence [Majhemout DIOP]; Alliance of Forces of Progress or AFP [Moustapha NIASSE]; Democratic and Patriotic Convention or CDP (also known as Garab-Gi) [Dr. Iba Der THIAM]; Democratic League-Labor Party Movement or LD-MPT [Dr. Abdoulaye BATHILY]; Front for Socialism and Democracy or FSD [Cheikh Abdoulaye DIEYE]; Gainde Centrist Bloc or BGC [Jean-Paul DIAS]; Independence and Labor Party or PIT [Amath DANSOKHO]; National Democratic Rally or RND [Madier DIOUF]; Senegalese Democratic Party or PDS [Abdoulaye WADE]; Socialist Party or PS [Ousmane Tanor DIENG]; SOPI Coalition (a coalition led by the PDS) [Abdoulaye WADE]; Union for Democratic Renewal or URD [Djibo Leyti KA]; other small parties
International Disputes: Senegalese separatists disrupt legal border trade with smuggling, cattle rustling, and other illegal activities in Guinea-Bissau
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin moving to Europe and North America; illicit cultivator of cannabis 
  Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics  
Location of Senegal: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 196,190 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 192,000 sq km
Capitol City: Dakar Land Area Water: 4,190 sq km
Latitude: 014 00 N Border Boundary Land: 2,640 km
Longitude: 014 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 531 km 
Arable Land: 12.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 581 m Location: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
Largest City in Senegal: Dakar Dakar Largest City Population: 1,999,000
Threatened Species: 29
Environmental Issues: wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Irrigated Land: 710
Bordering Countries: The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km
Natural Resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore
Geographical Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast
Comparative Area of Senegal: slightly smaller than South Dakota
Senegal's Geography: westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal

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General Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Natural Hazards: lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts
  Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics  
Economic Overview: In January 1994, Senegal undertook a bold and ambitious economic reform program with the support of the international donor community. This reform began with a 50% devaluation of Senegal's currency, the CFA franc, which is linked at a fixed rate to the French franc. Government price controls and subsidies have been steadily dismantled. After seeing its economy contract by 2.1% in 1993, Senegal made an important turnaround, thanks to the reform program, with real growth in GDP averaging 5% annually during 1995-2001. Annual inflation had been pushed down to less than 1%, but rose to an estimated 3.3% in 2001. Investment rose steadily from 13.8% of GDP in 1993 to 16.5% in 1997. As a member of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Senegal is working toward greater regional integration with a unified external tariff. Senegal also realized full Internet connectivity in 1996, creating a miniboom in information technology-based services. Private activity now accounts for 82% of GDP. On the negative side, Senegal faces deep-seated urban problems of chronic unemployment, trade union militancy, juvenile delinquency, and drug addiction
GDP: $16,200,000,000 USD Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
GDP per Capita: $1,580 USD Currency Code: XOF
GDP Growth Rate: 5.70 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79 (January 2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1 January 1999, the XOF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF per euro
GDP of Agriculture: 18.50 % GDP of Industry: 20.70 %
GDP of Services: 60.80 %  
Inflation Rate: 3.30 % Population in Poverty: 54.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 48.00 % Tourism: 369,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 1.40 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,373,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 42.80 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,373,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 1,320,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,228,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $3,100,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $362,600,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Primary Industries: agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials
Industrial Growth Rate: 5.20 %
Import Amount in USD: $1,300,000,000 USD - foods and beverages, consumer goods, capital goods, petroleum products
Import Partners: France 27%, Nigeria 19%, Germany 4%, US 4%, Italy 3%
Export Amount in USD: $1,000,000,000 USD - fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
Export Partners: France 19%, Italy 12%, Spain 6%, Cote d'Ivoire 2%
GINI Index: 41.30%
Labor Force Number of People: 0
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 70%
  Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 24 Number of People with Radios: 1,240,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 361,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 234,916 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 373,965
Internet Service Providers: 15 Internet Users: 40,000
Internet Country Code: .sn Newspapers: 5
Two Letter Country Code: SG Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +221 Electricity Voltage: Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: good system domestic: above-average urban system; microwave radio relay, coaxial cable and fiber-optic cable in trunk system international: 4 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
  Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics  


Highways: 4,271 km Railways: 906 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 897 km
Airports: 9 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 18 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 3,133,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.40 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: Dakar, Kaolack, Matam, Podor, Richard Toll, Saint-Louis, Ziguinchor
  Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics  
Population: 10,589,571 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 36.99 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 47.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.14 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.91% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.03 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 2,321,789 Population Female 0-14: 2,290,105
Population Male 15-64: 2,710,178 Population Female 15-64: 2,943,554
Population Male 65+: 159,445 Population Female 65+: 164,500
Population 0-14: 43.50% Literacy Rate: 39.10%
Population 15-64: 53.40% Literacy rate of Males: 51.10%
Population 65+: 3.10% Literacy rate of Females: 28.90%
Population that is Male: 48.00 % Population that is Female: 52.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 62.93 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 55.41 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 61.29 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 64.61 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 1.40% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 95,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 10,000
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.21
Nationality: SENEGALESE
Ethnic Groups: Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4% 
Primary Language: French
Other Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Primary Religion: Muslim
Other Religions: Muslim 94%, indigenous beliefs 1%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic
  Senegal Facts |  Republic of Senegal Information | Senegal Statistics  
Branches: rmy, Navy, Air Force, National Gendarmerie, National Police (Surete Nationale)
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years of age years
Manpower Available: 2,406,337 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,257,423 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 114,189 People per year
Expenditures: $68,600,000 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.40
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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