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Seychelles Facts

Seychelles Facts | Republic of Seychelles Information | Seychelles Statistics | Seychelles

Seychelles Facts |  Republic of Seychelles Information | Seychelles Statistics Seychelles Facts |  Republic of Seychelles Information | Seychelles Statistics
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Seychelles Facts |  Republic of Seychelles Information | Seychelles Statistics Seychelles Facts |  Republic of Seychelles Information | Seychelles Statistics
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SEYCHELLOIS Flag
 
 SEYCHELLOIS POLITICAL
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Background: A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993.
 
 
Common Name: Seychelles Local Official Name: Seychelles
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Seychelles Official Name: Seychelles
Official Script Name: Seychelles Local Common Name: Seychelles
Former Name: Seychelles Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President France Albert RENE
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1976 June 29 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1993 June 18
 
National Holiday: Constitution Day (National Day), 18 June
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 23 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Louis, Anse Royale, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand' Anse (on Mahe), Grand' Anse (on Praslin), La Digue, La Riviere Anglaise, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe La Rue, Port Glaud, Saint Louis, Takamaka
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English common law, French civil law, and customary law
 
Suffrage: 17 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President France Albert RENE (since 5 June 1977); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 31 August-2 September 2001 (next to be held NA 2006) election results: France Albert RENE reelected president; percent of vote - France Albert RENE (SPPF) 54.19%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN (UO) 44.95%, Philippe BOULLE 0.86%; note - the first time that presidential elections have been held separately from legislative elections cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president head of government: President France Albert RENE (since 5 June 1977); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (34 seats - 25 elected by popular vote, 9 allocated on a proportional basis to parties winning at least 10 % of the vote; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 20-22 March 1998 (next to be held by 2003) election results: percent of vote by party - SPPF 61.7%, UO 26.1%, DP 12.1%; seats by party - SPPF 30, UO 3, DP 1 note: the 9 awarded seats are apportioned according to the percentage that each party won of the total vote Judicial Branch: Court of Appeal; Supreme Court; judges for both courts are appointed by the president
 
Party Leaders: Democratic Party or DP [James MANCHAM]; Seychelles National Party or SNP (formerly the United Opposition or UO) [Wavel RAMKALAWAN]; Seychelles People's Progressive Front or SPPF [France Albert RENE] - the governing party
 
International Disputes: claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 SEYCHELLOIS GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Seychelles: Eastern Africa, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 455 sq km 
Region: Eastern African Land Area Land: 455 sq km
Capitol City: Victoria Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 004 35 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 055 40 E Border Boundary Coastline: 491 km 
  
Arable Land: 2.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 13.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 905 m Location: Morne Seychellois
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Indian Ocean
  
Largest City in Seychelles: Victoria Victoria Largest City Population: 28,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees
 
Geographical Terrain: Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
 
Comparative Area of Seychelles: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Seychelles's Geography: 40 granitic and about 50 coralline islands
 

 SEYCHELLOIS CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
 
Natural Hazards: lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible
 
 
 SEYCHELLOIS ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Since independence in 1976, per capita output in this Indian Ocean archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which employs about 30% of the labor force and provides more than 70% of hard currency earnings, and by tuna fishing. In recent years the government has encouraged foreign investment in order to upgrade hotels and other services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming, fishing, and small-scale manufacturing. The vulnerability of the tourist sector was illustrated by the sharp drop in 1991-92 due largely to the Gulf war and once again following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the US. Other issues facing the government are the curbing of the budget deficit, including the containment of social welfare costs, and further privatization of public enterprises. Growth slowed in 1998-2001, due to sluggish tourist and tuna sectors. Also, tight controls on exchange rates and the scarcity of foreign exchange have impaired short-term economic prospects. The black market value of the Seychelles rupee is half the official exchange rate; without a devaluation of the currency the tourist sector should remain sluggish as vacationers seek cheaper destinations such as Comoros, Mauritius, and Madagascar.
 
 
GDP: $605,000,000 USD Currency: Seychelles rupee
GDP per Capita: $7,600 USD Currency Code: SCR
GDP Growth Rate: 1.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Seychelles rupees per US dollar - 5.7458 (January 2002), 5.8575 (2001), 5.7138 (2000), 5.3426 (1999), 5.2622 (1998), 5.0263 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 3.10 % GDP of Industry: 26.30 %
GDP of Services: 70.60 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 6.10 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 125,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $249,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $262,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 160,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 148,800,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $240,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $16,400,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (tapioca), bananas; broiler chickens; tuna fish
 
Primary Industries: fishing; tourism; processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $360,200,000 USD - machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
 
Import Partners: Italy 13.3%, South Africa 10.7%, France 9.9%, UK 8.0%, Singapore 7.7%
 
Export Amount in USD: $182,600,000 USD - canned tuna, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports)
 
Export Partners: UK 48.1%, Italy 23.1%, France 14.8%, Netherlands 2.7%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 30,900
 
Labor Force by Occupations: industry 19%, services 71%, agriculture 10%
 
  
 SEYCHELLOIS COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 5 Number of People with Radios: 42,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 11,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 19,635 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 16,316
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 6,000
 
Internet Country Code: .sc Newspapers: 46
Two Letter Country Code: SE Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +248 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: effective system domestic: radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago international: direct radiotelephone communications with adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
 
  
 SEYCHELLOIS TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 176 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 7 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 112 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,086 GRT/10,192 DWT ships by type: cargo 2 note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: South Africa 2
 
Ports and Harbors: Victoria
 
  
 SEYCHELLOIS PEOPLE
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Population: 80,098 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 17.27 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 177.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.57 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.47% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.81 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 11,238 Population Female 0-14: 11,002
Population Male 15-64: 25,763 Population Female 15-64: 27,086
Population Male 65+: 1,667 Population Female 65+: 3,342
 
Population 0-14: 27.80% Literacy Rate: 58.00%
Population 15-64: 66.00% Literacy rate of Males: 56.00%
Population 65+: 6.20% Literacy rate of Females: 60.00%
 
Population that is Male: 46.50 % Population that is Female: 53.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 70.97 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 16.86 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 65.48 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 76.63 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -5.99
 
Nationality: SEYCHELLOIS
 
Ethnic Groups: mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official), French (official), Creole
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 86.6%, Anglican 6.8%, other Christian 2.5%, other 4.1%
 
  
 SEYCHELLOIS MILITARY
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Branches: Army, Coast Guard (includes Air Wing), Presidential Protection Unit (includes Presidential Guard), Police Force (includes Police Mobile Unit, a special weapons and tactics unit capable of assisting the Army in maintaining internal stability)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 23,210 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 11,554 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $11,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.80
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SEYCHELLOIS RESOURCES
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Seychelles Spa and Resort Directory
 
Seychelles Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Seychelles Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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