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Sierra Leone Facts

Sierra Leone Facts | Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics | Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics
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Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics
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SIERRA LEONEAN Flag
 
 SIERRA LEONEAN POLITICAL
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  
Background: Since 1991, civil war between the government and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) has resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (well over one-third of the population) many of whom are now refugees in neighboring countries. After several setbacks, the end to the eleven-year conflict in Sierra Leone may finally be near at hand. With the support of the UN peacekeeping force and contributions from the World Bank and international community, demobilization and disarmament of the RUF and Civil Defense Forces (CDF) combatants has been completed. Reestablishment of government authority throughout the country is slowly proceeding and national elections took place in May 2002.
 
 
Common Name: Sierra Leone Local Official Name: Sierra Leone
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Sierra Leone Official Name: Sierra Leone
Official Script Name: Sierra Leone Local Common Name: Sierra Leone
Former Name: Sierra Leone Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH
 
Government Type: constitutional democracy
 
Independence: 1961 April 27 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1991 October 1 (subsequently amended several times)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 27 April
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 3 provinces and 1 area*; Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western*
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English law and customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 March 1996, reinstated 10 March 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 March 1996, reinstated 10 March 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Ministers of State appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 14 May 2002 (next to be held NA May 2007); note - president's tenure of office is limited to two five-year terms election results: Ahmad Tejan KABBAH reelected president; percent of vote - Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (SLPP) 70.6%, Ernest KOROMA 22.4% Legislative Branch: unicameral Parliament (124 seats - 112 elected by popular vote, 12 filled by paramount chiefs elected in separate elections; members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 14 May 2002 (next to be held NA May 2007) election results: percent of vote by party - SLPP 70.06%, APC 22.35%, PLP 3%, others 4.59%; seats by party - SLPP 83, APC 27, PLP 2 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; Appeals Court; High Court
 
Party Leaders: All People's Congress or APC [Alhaji Sat KOROMA, interim chairman]; Citizens United for Peace and Progress or CUPP [Alfred Musa CONTEH, interim chairman]; Coalition for Progress Party or CPP [Jeridine WILLIAM-SARHO, interim leader]; Democratic Center Party or DCP [Adu Aiah KOROMA]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [George E. L. PALMER]; Democratic Party or DP [Henry BALO, acting chairman]; National Alliance Democratic Party or NADP [Mohamed Yahya SILLAH, chairman]; National Democratic Alliance or NDA [Amadu M. B. JALLOH]; National People's Party or NPP [Andrew TURAY]; National Republican Party or NRP [Stephen Sahr MAMBU]; National Unity Movement or NUM [Sam LEIGH, interim chairman]; National Unity Party or NUP [John BENJAMINE, interim leader]; Peace and Liberation Party or PLP [Darlington MORRISON, interim chairman]; People's Democratic Alliance or PDA [Cpl. (Ret.) Abdul Rahman KAMARA, interim chairman]; People's Democratic Party or PDP [Osman KAMARA]; People's National Convention or PNC [Edward John KARGBO]; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Abass Chernok BUNDU, chairman]; Revolutionary United Front Party or RUFP [Foday Saybana SANKOH, chairman]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Andrew Victor LUNGAY]; Sierra Leone People's Party or SLPP [Ahmad Tejan KABBAH, chairman]; United National People's Party or UNPP [John KAREFA-SMART in exile, Raymond KAMARA, acting leader]; Young People's Party or YPP [Cornelius DEVEAUS, interim chairman]
 
International Disputes: ongoing conflict in Sierra Leone has engendered refugee movements into neighboring Guinea and Liberia
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 SIERRA LEONEAN GEOGRAPHY
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  
 
Location of Sierra Leone: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 71,740 sq km 
Region: Western African Land Area Land: 71,620 sq km
Capitol City: Freetown Land Area Water: 120 sq km
      
Latitude: 008 30 N Border Boundary Land: 958 km
Longitude: 011 30 W Border Boundary Coastline: 402 km 
  
Arable Land: 7.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,948 m Location: Loma Mansa (Bintimani)
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Sierra Leone: Freetown Freetown Largest City Population: 822,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
 
Irrigated Land: 290
 
Bordering Countries: Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km
 
Natural Resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
 
Geographical Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east
 
Comparative Area of Sierra Leone: slightly smaller than South Carolina
 
Sierra Leone's Geography: rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa
 

 SIERRA LEONEAN CLIMATE
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  
 
General Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)
 
Natural Hazards: dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms
 
 
 SIERRA LEONEAN ECONOMY
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: Sierra Leone is an extremely poor African nation with tremendous inequality in income distribution. It does have substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources. However, the economic and social infrastructure is not well developed, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development, following a 10-year civil war. About two-thirds of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture. Manufacturing consists mainly of the processing of raw materials and of light manufacturing for the domestic market. There are plans to reopen bauxite and rutile mines shut down during the conflict. The major source of hard currency consists of the mining of diamonds. The fate of the economy depends upon the maintenance of domestic peace and the continued receipt of substantial aid from abroad.
 
 
GDP: $2,700,000,000 USD Currency: leone
GDP per Capita: $500 USD Currency Code: SLL
GDP Growth Rate: 3.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: leones per US dollar - 2,212.47 (January 2002), 1,985.89 (2001), 2,092.13 (2000), 1,804.20 (1999), 1,563.62 (1998), 981.48 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 43.00 % GDP of Industry: 27.00 %
GDP of Services: 30.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 15.00 % Population in Poverty: 68.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 6,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.50 % Budget Revenue in USD: $96,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 43.60 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $351,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 245,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 227,850,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $1,300,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $103,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
 
Primary Industries: mining (diamonds); small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $145,000,000 USD - foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals
 
Import Partners: Czech Republic 26.7%, UK 26.6%, US 5.1%, Netherlands 4.6%
 
Export Amount in USD: $65,000,000 USD - diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish
 
Export Partners: NZ 33.7%, Belgium 32.6%, US 7.4%, France 5.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 62.90%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 1,369,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
 
  
 SIERRA LEONEAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 11 Number of People with Radios: 1,120,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 53,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 25,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 30,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 20,000
 
Internet Country Code: .sl Newspapers: 5
Two Letter Country Code: SL Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +232 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: marginal telephone and telegraph service domestic: national microwave radio relay trunk system, made unserviceable by military activities, is now operating from Freetown to Bo and Kenema (April 2001) international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 SIERRA LEONEAN TRANSPORTATION
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  

   

Highways: 936 km Railways: 84 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 800 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 2
 
Motor Vehicles: 10 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Bonthe, Freetown, Pepel
 
  
 SIERRA LEONEAN PEOPLE
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  
 
Population: 5,614,743 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 44.58 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 66.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 18.83 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 3.21% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.94 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,230,530 Population Female 0-14: 1,280,084
Population Male 15-64: 1,397,070 Population Female 15-64: 1,528,986
Population Male 65+: 87,256 Population Female 65+: 90,817
 
Population 0-14: 44.70% Literacy Rate: 31.40%
Population 15-64: 52.10% Literacy rate of Males: 45.40%
Population 65+: 3.20% Literacy rate of Females: 18.20%
 
Population that is Male: 47.00 % Population that is Female: 53.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 45.96 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 144.38 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 43.01 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 49.01 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 2.99% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 68,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 8,200
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 6.32
 
Nationality: SIERRA LEONEAN
 
Ethnic Groups: 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Free
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%
 
  
 SIERRA LEONEAN MILITARY
  Sierra Leone Facts |  Republic of Sierra Leone Information | Sierra Leone Statistics  
  
Branches: Army (RSLAF)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 1,203,682 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 583,946 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $10,300,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.50
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SIERRA LEONEAN RESOURCES
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