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Singapore Facts

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 SINGAPOREAN POLITICAL
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Background: Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.
 
 
Common Name: Singapore Local Official Name: Singapura
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Singapore Official Name: Republic of Singapura
Official Script Name: Singapore Local Common Name: S'pore
Former Name: NA Territory of: none
 
Head of State: President Sellapan Rama (S. R.) NATHAN
 
Government Type: parliamentary republic
 
Independence: 1965 August 09 (from Malaysia)
 
Constitution: 1959 June 03, amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 9 August (1965)
 
International Organization Participation: APEC, APT, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: None
 
Dependent Areas: None
 
Legal System: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 21 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive branch: chief of state: President S. R. NATHAN (since 1 September 1999) note: uses S. R. NATHAN but his full name and the one used in formal communications is Sellapan RAMANATHAN head of government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Shunmugan JAYAKUMAR (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister WONG Kan Seng (since 1 September 2005); Senior Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 12 August 2004); Minister Mentor LEE Kuan Yew (since 12 August 2004) cabinet: appointed by president, responsible to parliament elections: president elected by popular vote for six-year term; last appointed 17 August 2005 - see note (next election to be held by August 2011); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by president election results: Sellapan Rama (S. R.) NATHAN appointed president in August 2005 after Presidential Elections Committee disqualified three other would-be candidates; scheduled election not held Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in addition, there are up to nine nominated members; the losing opposition candidate who came closest to winning a seat may be appointed as a "nonconstituency" member elections: last held 6 May 2006 (next to be held in 2011) election results: percent of vote by party - PAP 66.6%, WP 16.3%, SDA 13%, SDP 4.1%; seats by party - PAP 82, WP 1, SDA 1 Judicial branch: Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister, other judges are appointed by the president with the advice of the chief justice); Court of Appeals
 
Party Leaders: People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]; Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA [CHIAM See Tong]; Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan]; Workers' Party or WP [Sylvia Lim Swee LIAN] note: SDA includes National Solidarity Party or NSP, Singapore Justice Party or SJP, Singapore National Malay Organization or PKMS, Singapore People's Party or SPP
 
International Disputes: disputes persist with Malaysia over deliveries of fresh water to Singapore, Singapore's extensive land reclamation works, bridge construction, maritime boundaries, and Pedra Branca Island/Pulau Batu Putih - parties agree to ICJ arbitration on island dispute within three years; Indonesia and Singapore pledged in 2005 to finalize their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Batam Island; piracy remains a problem in the Malacca Strait
 
Illicit Drugs: as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapore is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue for money laundering 
 
 
 SINGAPOREAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Singapore: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
 
Continent: Asia Land Area Total: 692 sq km 
Region: South East Asia Land Area Land: 10 sq km
Capitol City: Singapore (Xinjiapo) Land Area Water: 682 sq km
      
Latitude: 001 22 N Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 103 48 E Border Boundary Coastline: 193 km 
  
Arable Land: 1.47 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.47 % Woodlands and Forests: 5.00
  
Highest Elevation: 166 m Location: Bukit Timah
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Singapore Strait
  
Largest City in Singapore: Singapore Singapore Largest City Population: 3,522,000
  
Threatened Species: 80
 
Environmental Issues: industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: None
 
Natural Resources: fish, deepwater ports
 
Geographical Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
 
Comparative Area of Singapore: slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Singapore's Geography: focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes
 

 SINGAPOREAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
 
Natural Hazards: NA
 
 
 SINGAPOREAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Singapore, a highly-developed and successful free-market economy, enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP equal to that of the four largest West European countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in electronics and manufacturing. It was hard hit in 2001-03 by the global recession, by the slump in the technology sector, and by an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003, which curbed tourism and consumer spending. The government hopes to establish a new growth path that will be less vulnerable to the external business cycle and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub. Fiscal stimulus, low interest rates, a surge in exports, and internal flexibility led to vigorous growth in 2004, with real GDP rising by 8% - by far the economy's best performance since but growth slowed to 5.7% in 2005.
 
 
GDP: $124,300,000,000 USD Currency: Singapore Dollar
GDP per Capita: $28,100 USD Currency Code: SGD
GDP Growth Rate: 6.40 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Singapore dollars per US dollar - 1.6644 (2005), 1.6902 (2004), 1.7422 (2003), 1.7906 (2002), 1.7917 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 0.00 % GDP of Industry: 33.90 %
GDP of Services: 66.10 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 0.40 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 3.10 % Tourism: 6,258,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $18,670,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $18,210,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 36,800,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 33,200,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 8,290 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 800,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 5,320,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 2,500,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $23,760,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: rubber, copra, fruit, orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish
 
Primary Industries: electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 9.50 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $118,300,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: Malaysia 14.4%, US 12.4%, China 10.8%, Japan 10.1%, Indonesia 5.5%, Saudi Arabia 4.7%, South Korea 4.5%
 
Export Amount in USD: $204,800,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment (including electronics), consumer goods, chemicals, mineral fuels
 
Export Partners: Malaysia 14.7%, US 11.5%, Indonesia 10.7%, Hong Kong 10.4%, China 9.5%, Japan 6%, Thailand 4.5%, Australia 4.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 42.50%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,280,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: manufacturing 18%, construction 6%, transportation and communication 11%, financial, business, and other services 39%, other 26%
 
  
 SINGAPOREAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 19 Number of People with Radios: 2,600,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 1,330,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,847,800 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 4,256,800
 
Internet Service Providers: 679,369 Internet Users: 2,421,800
 
Internet Country Code: .sg Newspapers: 324
Two Letter Country Code: SN Weights and Measures: Imperial and Metric
Phone Country Code: 65 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: General assessment: excellent service Domestic: excellent domestic facilities; launched 3G wireless service in February 2005 International: country code - 65; 9 submarine cables provide direct connection to more than 100 countries; 4 satellite earth stations, supplemented by VSAT coverage
 
  
 SINGAPOREAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 3,234 km Railways: 38 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 139 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 9 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 155 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 80,276,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 23.40 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 1,063 ships (1000 GRT or over) 31,033,735 GRT/49,715,650 DWT by type: bulk carrier 155, cargo 87, chemical tanker 136, container 214, liquefied gas 53, livestock carrier 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 353, refrigerated cargo 10, roll on/roll off 2, specialized tanker 11, vehicle carrier 40 foreign-owned: 592 (Australia 7, Bangladesh 1, Belgium 12, China 23, Denmark 52, Germany 9, Greece 9, Hong Kong 50, India 5, Indonesia 56, Italy 2, Japan 100, South Korea 17, Malaysia 35, Netherlands 2, Norway 90, Philippines 5, Slovenia 1, Sweden 12, Taiwan 59, Thailand 22, UAE 7, UK 9, US 7) registered in other countries: 285 (Antigua and Barbuda 1, Bahamas 12, Belize 6, Bolivia 3, Cambodia 4, Cayman Islands 10, Cyprus 1, Dominica 9, France 2, Honduras 11, Hong Kong 24, Indonesia 17, Isle of Man 7, North Korea 1, Liberia 28, Malaysia 44, Marshall Islands 6, Mongolia 10, Nigeria 1, Panama 67, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Thailand 6, Tuvalu 6, US 2, unknown 2)
 
Ports and Harbors: Singapore
 
  
 SINGAPOREAN PEOPLE
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Population: 4,492,150 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 9.34 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 6,882.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.28 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.42% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.23 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 362,329 Population Female 0-14: 337,964
Population Male 15-64: 1,666,709 Population Female 15-64: 1,750,736
Population Male 65+: 165,823 Population Female 65+: 208,589
 
Population 0-14: 15.60% Literacy Rate: 92.50%
Population 15-64: 76.10% Literacy rate of Males: 96.60%
Population 65+: 8.30% Literacy rate of Females: 88.60%
 
Population that is Male: 48.00 % Population that is Female: 52.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 81.71 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 2.29 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 79.31 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 84.49 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.20% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 4,100
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 9.12
 
Nationality: SINGAPOREAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9%
 
 
Primary Religion: Buddhist
 
Other Religions: Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%
 
  
 SINGAPOREAN MILITARY
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Branches: Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force, Air Defense
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 1,215,568 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 982,368 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $4,470,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 4.90
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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