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Slovenia Facts

Slovenia Facts | Republic of Slovenia Information | Slovenia Statistics | Slovenia

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 SLOVENIAN POLITICAL
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Background: The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though Communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
 
 
Common Name: Slovenia Local Official Name: Slovenija
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Slovenia Official Name: Republika Slovenija
Official Script Name: Slovenia Local Common Name: Slovenia
Former Name: Slovenia Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Janez DRNOVSEK
 
Government Type: parliamentary republic
 
Independence: 1991 June 25 (from Yugoslavia)
 
Constitution: adopted 1991 December 23, effective 1991 December 23
 
National Holiday: Independence Day/Statehood Day, 25 June
 
International Organization Participation: ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU (new member), FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NSG, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
 
Administrative Divisions: 182 municipalities (obcine, singular - obcina) and 11 urban municipalities* (mestne obcine , singular - mestna obcina ) Ajdovscina, Beltinci, Benedikt, Bistrica ob Sotli, Bled, Bloke, Bohinj, Borovnica, Bovec, Braslovce, Brda, Brezice, Brezovica, Cankova, Celje*, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Cerknica, Cerkno, Cerkvenjak, Crensovci, Crna na Koroskem, Crnomelj, Destrnik, Divaca, Dobje, Dobrepolje, Dobrna, Dobrova-Horjul-Polhov Gradec, Dobrovnik-Dobronak, Dolenjske Toplice, Dol pri Ljubljani, Domzale, Dornava, Dravograd, Duplek, Gorenja Vas-Poljane, Gorisnica, Gornja Radgona, Gornji Grad, Gornji Petrovci, Grad, Grosuplje, Hajdina, Hoce-Slivnica, Hodos-Hodos, Horjul, Hrastnik, Hrpelje-Kozina, Idrija, Ig, Ilirska Bistrica, Ivancna Gorica, Izola-Isola, Jesenice, Jezersko, Jursinci, Kamnik, Kanal, Kidricevo, Kobarid, Kobilje, Kocevje, Komen, Komenda, Koper-Capodistria*, Kostel, Kozje, Kranj*, Kranjska Gora, Krizevci, Krsko, Kungota, Kuzma, Lasko, Lenart, Lendava-Lendva, Litija, Ljubljana*, Ljubno, Ljutomer, Logatec, Loska Dolina, Loski Potok, Lovrenc na Pohorju, Luce, Lukovica, Majsperk, Maribor*, Markovci, Medvode, Menges, Metlika, Mezica, Miklavz na Dravskem Polju, Miren-Kostanjevica, Mirna Pec, Mislinja, Moravce, Moravske Toplice, Mozirje, Murska Sobota*, Muta, Naklo, Nazarje, Nova Gorica*, Novo Mesto*, Odranci, Oplotnica, Ormoz, Osilnica, Pesnica, Piran-Pirano, Pivka, Podcetrtek, Podlehnik, Podvelka, Polzela, Postojna, Prebold, Preddvor, Prevalje, Ptuj*, Puconci, Race-Fram, Radece, Radenci, Radlje ob Dravi, Radovljica, Ravne na Koroskem, Razkrizje, Ribnica, Ribnica na Pohorju, Rogasovci, Rogaska Slatina, Rogatec, Ruse, Salovci, Selnica ob Dravi, Semic, Sempeter-Vrtojba, Sencur, Sentilj, Sentjernej, Sentjur pri Celju, Sevnica, Sezana, Skocjan, Skofja Loka, Skofljica, Slovenj Gradec*, Slovenska Bistrica, Slovenske Konjice, Smarje pri Jelsah, Smartno ob Paki, Smartno pri Litiji, Sodrazica, Solcava, Sostanj, Starse, Store, Sveta Ana, Sveti Andraz v Slovenskih Goricah, Sveti Jurij, Tabor, Tisina, Tolmin, Trbovlje, Trebnje, Trnovska Vas, Trzic, Trzin, Turnisce, Velenje*, Velika Polana, Velike Lasce, Verzej, Videm, Vipava, Vitanje, Vodice, Vojnik, Vransko, Vrhnika, Vuzenica, Zagorje ob Savi, Zalec, Zavrc, Zelezniki, Zetale, Ziri, Zirovnica, Zuzemberk, Zrece note: there may be 45 more municipalities
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on civil law system
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Janez DRNOVSEK (since 22 December 2002) head of government: Prime Minister Janez JANSA (since 9 November 2004) cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 10 November and 1 December 2002 (next to be held in the fall of 2007); following National Assembly elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually nominated to become prime minister by the president and elected by the National Assembly; election last held 9 November 2004 (next National Assembly elections to be held October 2008) election results: Janez DRNOVSEK elected president; percent of vote - Janez DRNOVSEK 56.5%, Barbara BREZIGAR 43.5%; Janez JANSA elected prime minister; National Assembly vote - 57 to 27 Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament consisting of a National Assembly or Drzavni Zbor (90 seats; 40 are directly elected and 50 are selected on a proportional basis; note - the numbers of directly elected and proportionally elected seats varies with each election; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the National Council or Drzavni Svet (40 seats; this is primarily an advisory body with limited legislative powers; it may propose laws, ask to review any National Assembly decisions, and call national referenda; members - representing social, economic, professional, and local interests - are indirectly elected to five-year terms by an electoral college) elections: National Assembly - last held 3 October 2004 (next to be held October 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - SDS 29.1%, LDS 22.8%, ZLSD 10.2%, NSi 9%, SLS 6.8%, SNS 6.3%, DeSUS 4.1%, other 11.7%; seats by party - SDS 29, LDS 23, ZLSD 10, NSi 9, SLS 7, SNS 6, DeSUS 4, Hungarian and Italian minorities 1 each Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the Judicial Council); Constitutional Court (judges elected for nine-year terms by the National Assembly and nominated by the president)
 
Party Leaders: Democratic Party of Retired (Persons) of Slovenia or DeSUS [Karl ERJAVEC]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDS [Jelko KACIN]; New Slovenia or NSi [Andrej BAJUK]; Slovene Democratic Party or SDS [Janez JANSA]; Slovene National Party or SNS [Zmago JELINCIC]; Slovene People's Party or SLS [Janez PODOBNIK]; Slovene Youth Party or SMS [Darko KRANJC]; Social Democrats or SD [Borut PAHOR]
 
International Disputes: the Croatia-Slovenia land and maritime boundary agreement, which would have ceded most of Piran Bay and maritime access to Slovenia and several villages to Croatia, remains unratified and in dispute; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Slovenia must implement the strict Schengen border rules to curb illegal migration and commerce through southeastern Europe while encouraging close cross-border ties with Croatia
 
Illicit Drugs: minor transit point for cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin bound for Western Europe, and for precursor chemicals 
 
 
 SLOVENIAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Slovenia: Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 20,273 sq km 
Region: Eastern Europe Land Area Land: 20,151 sq km
Capitol City: Ljubljana Land Area Water: 122 sq km
      
Latitude: 046 07 N Border Boundary Land: 1,382 km
Longitude: 014 49 E Border Boundary Coastline: 46 km 
  
Arable Land: 8.53 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.43 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,864 m Location: Triglav
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Adriatic Sea
  
Largest City in Slovenia: Ljubljana Ljubljana Largest City Population: 295,000
  
Threatened Species: 85
 
Environmental Issues: Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
 
Irrigated Land: 30
 
Bordering Countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 670 km, Italy 232 km, Hungary 102 km
 
Natural Resources: lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower, forests
 
Geographical Terrain: a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east
 
Comparative Area of Slovenia: slightly smaller than New Jersey
 
Slovenia's Geography: despite its small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes
 

 SLOVENIAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
 
Natural Hazards: flooding and earthquakes
 
 
 SLOVENIAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: With its small transition economy and population of approximately two million, Slovenia is a model of economic success and stability for its neighbors in the former Yugoslavia. The country, which joined the EU in 2004, has excellent infrastructure, a well-educated work force, and an excellent central location. It enjoys a GDP per capita substantially higher than any of the other transitioning economies of Central Europe. In March 2004, Slovenia became the first transition country to graduate from borrower status to donor partner at the World Bank. Slovenia plans to adopt the euro by 2007 and has met the EU's Maastricht criteria for inflation. Despite its economic success, Slovenia faces growing challenges. Much of the economy remains in state hands and foreign direct investment (FDI) in Slovenia is one of the lowest in the EU on a per capita basis. Taxes are relatively high, the labor market is often seen as inflexible, and legacy industries are losing sales to more competitive firms in China, India, and elsewhere. The current center-right government, elected in October 2004, has pledged to accelerate privatization of a number of large state holdings and is interested in increasing FDI in Slovenia. In late 2005, the government's new Committee for Economic Reforms was elevated to cabinet-level status. The Committee's program includes plans for lowering the tax burden, privatizing state-controlled firms, improving the flexibility of the labor market, and increasing the government's efficiency.
 
 
GDP: $43,270,000,000 USD Currency: tolar
GDP per Capita: $21,500 USD Currency Code: SIT
GDP Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: tolars per US dollar - 192.71 (2005), 192.38 (2004), 207.11 (2003), 240.25 (2002), 242.75 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 2.80 % GDP of Industry: 36.90 %
GDP of Services: 60.30 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 2.50 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 10.10 % Tourism: 884,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.90 % Budget Revenue in USD: $16,020,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 23.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $16,730,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 13,230,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 5,811,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 12,470,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 5,975,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 34.93% Nuclear Electricity Production: 35.42%
Hydro Electricity Production: 29.42% Other Electricity Production: 0.23%
   
Oil Production: 11 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 52,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 1,100,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 5 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 1,040,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $18,970,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $62,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $5,000,000 USD
   
Agricultural Products: potatoes, hops, wheat, sugar beets, corn, grapes; cattle, sheep, poultry
 
Primary Industries: ferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.20 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $19,620,000,000 USD - machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, food
 
Import Partners: Germany 19.5%, Italy 18.6%, Austria 12%, France 7.2%, Croatia 4.2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $18,530,000,000 USD - manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
 
Export Partners: Germany 19.9%, Italy 12.7%, Croatia 9.4%, Austria 8.1%, France 8.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 28.40%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 920,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 6%, industry: 40%, services: 55%
 
  
 SLOVENIAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 177 Number of People with Radios: 805,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 48 Number of People with Televisions: 710,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 816,400 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 1,759,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 59,090 Internet Users: 1,090,000
 
Internet Country Code: .si Newspapers: 196
Two Letter Country Code: SI Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 386 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: 100% digital international: NA
 
  
 SLOVENIAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 38,400 km Railways: 1,229 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 2,537 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 6 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 454 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 13,935,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 7.60 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: registered in other countries: 26 (Antigua and Barbuda 6, Bahamas 1, Cyprus 4, Georgia 1, Liberia 2, Malta 3, Marshall Islands 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Singapore 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Koper
 
  
 SLOVENIAN PEOPLE
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Population: 2,010,347 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 8.98 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 98.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 10.31 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: -0.05% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.25 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 143,079 Population Female 0-14: 135,050
Population Male 15-64: 714,393 Population Female 15-64: 702,950
Population Male 65+: 121,280 Population Female 65+: 193,595
 
Population 0-14: 13.80% Literacy Rate: 99.70%
Population 15-64: 70.50% Literacy rate of Males: 99.70%
Population 65+: 15.70% Literacy rate of Females: 99.60%
 
Population that is Male: 47.50 % Population that is Female: 52.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 76.33 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 4.40 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 72.63 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 80.29 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 280
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.88
 
Nationality: SLOVENIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% 
 
  
Primary Language: Slovenian
 
Other Languages: Slovenian 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4%
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Catholic 57.8%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 2.4%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1%
 
  
 SLOVENIAN MILITARY
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Branches: Slovenian Army (includes air and naval forces)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 17 years
 
Manpower Available: 980,888 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 802,760 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 24,994 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.70
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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