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Solomon Islands Facts

Solomon Islands Facts | Solomon Islands Information | Solomon Islands Statistics | British Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands Facts |  Solomon Islands Information | Solomon Islands Statistics Solomon Islands Facts |  Solomon Islands Information | Solomon Islands Statistics
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 SOLOMON ISLANDER POLITICAL
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Background: The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the bitterest fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, Prime Minister Sir Allen KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has been very effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.
 
 
Common Name: Solomon Islands Local Official Name: Solomon Islands
Abbreviated Name: Solomon Islands Official Name: Solomon Islands
Official Script Name: Solomon Islands Local Common Name: Solomon Islands
Former Name: British Solomon Islands Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
 
Government Type: parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: 1978 July 7 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1978 July 7
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 7 July
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 9 provinces and 1 capital territory*; Central, Choiseul (Lauru), Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell/Bellona, Temotu, Western
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: English common law, which is widely disregarded
 
Suffrage: 21 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Nathaniel WAENA (since 7 July 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Manasseh SOGAVARE (since 4 May 2006); note - Prime Minister Snyder RINI, elected on 18 April 2006 and sworn in on 20 April 2006, resigned on 26 April prior to no confidence vote in parliament; SOGAVARE elected on 4 May cabinet: Cabinet consists of 20 members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of Parliament elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of Parliament for up to five years (eligible for a second term); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of Parliament Legislative Branch: unicameral National Parliament (50 seats; members elected from single-member constituencies by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 5 April 2006 (next to be held in 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - National Party 6.9%, SIPRA 6.3%, Democratic 4.9%, PAP 6.3%, LAFARI 2.8%, Liberal 5%, SOCRED 4.3%, independents 60.3%; seats by party - National Party 4, SIPRA 4, Democratic 3, PAP 3, LAFARI 2, Liberal 2, SOCRED 2, independents 30 Judicial Branch: Court of Appeal
 
Party Leaders: Association of Independent Members or AIM [Thomas CHAN]; Christian Alliance Solomon Islands or CASI [Edward RONIA]; LAFARI Party [John GARO]; National Party [Francis HILLY]; People's Alliance Party or PAP [Sir Allan KEMAKEZA]; Social Credit Party or SOCRED [Manasseh Damukana SOGAVARE]; Solomon First Party [David QUAN]; Solomon Islands Democratic Party [Gabriel SURI]; Solomon Islands Labor Party or SILP [Joses TUHANUKU]; Solomon Islands Liberal Party [Bartholomew ULUFA'ALU]; Solomon Islands Party for Rural Advancement or SIPRA [Job D. TAUSINGA]; United Party [Sir Peter KENILOREA] note: in general, Solomon Islands politics is characterized by fluid coalitions
 
International Disputes: Australian Defense Force leads the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) at the invitation of the Solomon Islands' Government to maintain civil and political order and reinforce regional security
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 SOLOMON ISLANDER GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Solomon Islands: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 28,450 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 27,540 sq km
Capitol City: Honiara Land Area Water: 910 sq km
      
Latitude: 008 00 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 159 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 5,313 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.62 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 2.04 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 2,447 m Location: Mount Makarakomburu
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Solomon Islands: Honiara Honiara Largest City Population: 68,000
  
Threatened Species: 73
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls
 
Comparative Area of Solomon Islands: slightly smaller than Maryland
 
Solomon Islands's Geography: strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea
 

 SOLOMON ISLANDER CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
 
Natural Hazards: typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity
 
 
 SOLOMON ISLANDER ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI has enabled a return to law and order, a new period of economic stability, and modest growth as the economy rebuilds.
 
 
GDP: $800,000,000 USD Currency: Solomon Islands dollar
GDP per Capita: $600 USD Currency Code: SBD
GDP Growth Rate: 4.40 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Solomon Islands dollars per US dollar - 7.5299 (2005), 7.4847 (2004), 7.5059 (2003), 6.7488 (2002), 5.278 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 42.00 % GDP of Industry: 11.00 %
GDP of Services: 47.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 6.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 21,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $49,700,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $75,100,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 55,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 51,150,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 1,270 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $166,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $122,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: cocoa beans, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit; timber; cattle, pigs; fish
 
Primary Industries: fish (tuna), mining, timber
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $159,000,000 USD - food, plant and equipment, manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals
 
Import Partners: Australia 25.8%, Singapore 25.3%, NZ 4.6%, Fiji 4.2%, Papua New Guinea 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $171,000,000 USD - timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa
 
Export Partners: China 40.7%, South Korea 13.2%, Thailand 6.9%, Japan 6.3%, Philippines 4.5%, Italy 4.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 249,200
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 75%, industry 5%, services 20%
 
  
 SOLOMON ISLANDER COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Radios: 57,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 0 Number of People with Televisions: 3,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 74,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 6,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 2,658 Internet Users: 8,400
 
Internet Country Code: .sb Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: BP Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 677 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: NA international: country code - 677; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 SOLOMON ISLANDER TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 34 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 2 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 161,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.40 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: Honiara, Malloco Bay, Shortland Harbor, Viru Harbor, Yandina
 
  
 SOLOMON ISLANDER PEOPLE
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Population: 552,438 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 30.01 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 17.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 3.92 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.61% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.91 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 116,370 Population Female 0-14: 111,834
Population Male 15-64: 154,793 Population Female 15-64: 151,308
Population Male 65+: 8,696 Population Female 65+: 9,437
 
Population 0-14: 41.30% Literacy Rate: 0.00%
Population 15-64: 55.40% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 3.30% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 72.91 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 20.63 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 70.40 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 75.55 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: SOLOMON ISLANDER
 
Ethnic Groups: Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% 
 
  
Primary Language: Melanesian pidgin
 
Other Languages: Melanesian pidgin in much of the country is lingua franca; English is official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population note: 120 indigenous languages
 
 
Primary Religion: Anglican
 
Other Religions: Church of Melanesia 32.8%, Roman Catholic 19%, South Seas Evangelical 17%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11.2%, United Church 10.3%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.4%, other Christian 4.4%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2%
 
  
 SOLOMON ISLANDER MILITARY
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Branches: no regular military forces; Royal Solomon Islands Police (RSIP)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 114,253 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 92,796 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 6,033 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SOLOMON ISLANDER RESOURCES
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