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Spain Facts

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 SPANISH POLITICAL
  Spain Facts |  Kingdom of Spain Information | Spain Statistics  
Background: Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II, but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization (Spain joined the EU in 1986), have given Spain one of the most dynamic economies in Europe and made it a global champion of freedom. Continuing challenges include Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) terrorism and relatively high unemployment.
 
 
Common Name: Spain Local Official Name: Espana
Abbreviated Name: Kingdom of Spain Official Name: Spain
Official Script Name: Spain Local Common Name: Spain
Former Name: Spain Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: King JUAN CARLOS I
 
Government Type: parliamentary monarchy
 
Independence: the Iberian peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the Muslim occupation that began in the early 8th century AD and lasted nearly seven centuries; the small Christian redoubts of the north began the reconquest almost imm
 
Constitution: 1978 December 6, effective 1978 December 29
 
National Holiday: Hispanic Day, 12 October
 
International Organization Participation: AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BCIE, BIS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMEE, UNRWA, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
 
Administrative Divisions: 17 autonomous communities (comunidades autonomas, singular - comunidad autonoma)and 2 autonomous cities* (ciudades autonomas, singular - ciudad autonoma); Andalucia, Aragon, Asturias, Baleares (Balearic Islands), Ceuta*, Canarias (Canary Islands), Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y Leon, Cataluna, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Melilla*, Murcia, Navarra, Pais Vasco (Basque Country) note: the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla plus three small islands of Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, administered directly by the Spanish central government, are all located along the coast of Morocco and are collectively referred to as Places of Sovereignty (Plazas de Soberania)
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: civil law system, with regional applications; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: King JUAN CARLOS I (since 22 November 1975); Heir Apparent Prince FELIPE, son of the monarch, born 30 January 1968 head of government: President of the Government and Prime Minister Jose Luis RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO (since 17 April 2004); First Vice President and Deputy Prime Minister (and Minister of the Presidency) Maria Teresa FERNANDEZ DE LA VEGA (since 18 April 2004) and Second Vice President (and Minister of Economy and Finance) Pedro SOLBES (since 18 April 2004) cabinet: Council of Ministers designated by the president note: there is also a Council of State that is the supreme consultative organ of the government, but its recommendations are non-binding elections: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually proposed president by the monarch and elected by the National Assembly; election last held 14 March 2004 (next to be held March 2008); vice presidents appointed by the monarch on the proposal of the president election results: Jose Luis RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO (PSOE) elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 52.29% Legislative Branch: bicameral; General Courts or National Assembly or Las Cortes Generales consists of the Senate or Senado (259 seats - 208 members directly elected by popular vote and the other 51 appointed by the regional legislatures to serve four-year terms) and the Congress of Deputies or Congreso de los Diputados (350 seats; members are elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation to serve four-year terms) elections: Senate - last held 14 March 2004 (next to be held March 2008); Congress of Deputies - last held 14 March 2004 (next to be held March 2008) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PP 49%, PSOE 38.9%, Entesa Catalona de Progress 5.7%, CiU 1.99%, PNV 2.8%, CC 1.4%; seats by party - PP 102, PSOE 81, Entesa Catalona de Progress 12, CiU 4, PNV 6, CC 3; Congress of Deputies - percent of vote by party - PSOE 43.3%, PP 37.8%, CiU 3.2%, ERC 2.5%, PNV 1.6%, IU 3.2%, CC 0.9%; seats by party - PSOE 164, PP 148, CiU 10, ERC 8, PNV 7, IU 2, CC 3, other 8 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court or Tribunal Supremo
 
Party Leaders: Basque Nationalist Party or PNV [Josu Jon IMAZ]; Canarian Coalition or CC (a coalition of five parties) [Paulino RIVERO Baute]; Convergence and Union or CiU [Artur MAS i Gavarro] (a coalition of the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia or CDC [Artur MAS i Gavarro] and the Democratic Union of Catalonia or UDC [Josep Antoni DURAN y LLEIDA]); Entesa Catalonia de Progress (a Senate coalition grouping four Catalan parties - PSC, ERC, ICV, EUA); Galician Nationalist Bloc or BNG [Anxo Manuel QUINTANA]; Party of Independents from Lanzarote or PIL [Dimas MARTIN Martin]; Popular Party or PP [Mariano RAJOY]; Republican Left of Catalonia or ERC [Joan Puigcercos BOIXASSA]; Spanish Socialist Workers Party or PSOE [Jose Luis RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO]; United Left or IU (a coalition of parties including the PCE and other small parties) [Gaspar LLAMAZARES]
 
International Disputes: in 2003, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to remain a British colony and against a "total shared sovereignty" arrangement while demanding participation in talks between the UK and Spain; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy; Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and the islands of Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Penon de Alhucemas and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters; Morocco serves as the primary launching site of illegal migration into Spain from North Africa; Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz
 
Illicit Drugs: key European gateway country and consumer for Latin American cocaine and North African hashish entering the European market; destination and minor transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin; money-laundering site for Colombian narcotics trafficking organizations and organized crime 
 
 
 SPANISH GEOGRAPHY
  Spain Facts |  Kingdom of Spain Information | Spain Statistics  
 
Location of Spain: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France
 
Continent: Europe Land Area Total: 504,782 sq km 
Region: Western Europe Land Area Land: 499,542 sq km
Capitol City: Madrid Land Area Water: 5,240 sq km
      
Latitude: 040 00 N Border Boundary Land: 1,917 km
Longitude: 004 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 4,964 km 
  
Arable Land: 27.18 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 9.85 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 3,718 m Location: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Atlantic Ocean
  
Largest City in Spain: Madrid Madrid Largest City Population: 4,070,000
  
Threatened Species: 141
 
Environmental Issues: pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; water quality and quantity nationwide; air pollution; deforestation; desertification
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
 
Irrigated Land: 37,800
 
Bordering Countries: Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km
 
Natural Resources: coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land
 
Geographical Terrain: large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north
 
Comparative Area of Spain: slightly more than twice the size of Oregon
 
Spain's Geography: strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar
 

 SPANISH CLIMATE
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General Climate: temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast
 
Natural Hazards: periodic droughts
 
 
 SPANISH ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The Spanish economy boomed from 1986 to 1990, averaging five percent annual growth. After a European-wide recession in the early 1990s, the Spanish economy resumed moderate growth starting in 1994. Spain's mixed capitalist economy supports a GDP that on a per capita basis is 80% that of the four leading West European economies. The center-right government of former President AZNAR successfully worked to gain admission to the first group of countries launching the European single currency (the euro) on 1 January 1999. The AZNAR administration continued to advocate liberalization, privatization, and deregulation of the economy and introduced some tax reforms to that end. Unemployment fell steadily under the AZNAR administration but remains high at 10.1%. Growth of 2.5% in 2003, 2.6% in 2004, and 3.4% in 2005 was satisfactory given the background of a faltering European economy. The socialist president, RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO, has initiated economic and social reforms that are generally popular among the masses of people, but that are anathema to religious and other conservative elements. Adjusting to the monetary and other economic policies of an integrated Europe, reducing unemployment, and absorbing widespread social changes will pose challenges to Spain over the next few years.
 
 
GDP: $1,033,000,000,000 USD Currency: euro
GDP per Capita: $25,600 USD Currency Code: EUR
GDP Growth Rate: 3.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 4.00 % GDP of Industry: 29.50 %
GDP of Services: 66.50 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.40 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 9.20 % Tourism: 0.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.80 % Budget Revenue in USD: $440,900,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 25.20 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $448,400,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 247,300,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 7,500,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 231,200,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 8,700,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 56.78% Nuclear Electricity Production: 27.83%
Hydro Electricity Production: 12.49% Other Electricity Production: 2.90%
   
Oil Production: 24,540 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 216,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 1,544,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 23,270,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 135,100 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 1,582,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 17,260,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 10,500,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 2,662,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $970,700,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $1,330,000,000 USD
   
Agricultural Products: grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish
 
Primary Industries: textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.70 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $271,800,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, semifinished goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, measuring and medical control instruments
 
Import Partners: Germany 15%, France 14.5%, Italy 8.5%, UK 5.8%, Netherlands 4.9%, China 4.3%
 
Export Amount in USD: $194,300,000,000 USD - machinery, motor vehicles; foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, medicines, other consumer goods
 
Export Partners: France 19.4%, Germany 11.4%, Portugal 9.5%, UK 8.5%, Italy 8.4%
 
    
GINI Index: 32.50%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 20,670,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 5.3%, industry: 30.1%, services: 64.6%
 
  
 SPANISH COMMUNICATIONS
  Spain Facts |  Kingdom of Spain Information | Spain Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 924 Number of People with Radios: 13,100,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 224 Number of People with Televisions: 16,200,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 18,322,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 41,328,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 1,380,541 Internet Users: 19,204,000
 
Internet Country Code: .es Newspapers: 100
Two Letter Country Code: SP Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 34 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: generally adequate, modern facilities; teledensity is 44 main lines for each 100 persons domestic: NA international: country code - 34; 22 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), NA Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to adjacent countries
 
  
 SPANISH TRANSPORTATION
  Spain Facts |  Kingdom of Spain Information | Spain Statistics  

   

Highways: 659,629 km Railways: 14,873 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 11,548 km Waterways: 1,000 km
Airports: 96 Heliports: 8
 
Motor Vehicles: 521 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 273,017,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 6.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 169 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,902,839 GRT/1,874,161 DWT by type: bulk carrier 9, cargo 13, chemical tanker 14, container 27, liquefied gas 9, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 49, petroleum tanker 15, refrigerated cargo 5, roll on/roll off 20, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 5 foreign-owned: 36 (Cuba 1, Denmark 1, Germany 12, Italy 2, Mexico 3, Norway 7, UK 1, Uruguay 2, US 7) registered in other countries: 112 (Bahamas 12, Belize 3, Brazil 4, Cambodia 1, Cape Verde 1, Cuba 1, Cyprus 7, Italy 1, Malta 6, Marshall Islands 3, Nigeria 1, Panama 53, Portugal 15, Saint Kitts and Nevis 2, UK 1, Venezuela 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Algeciras, Barcelona, Cartagena, Gijon, Huelva, La Coruna, Tarragona, Valencia
 
  
 SPANISH PEOPLE
  Spain Facts |  Kingdom of Spain Information | Spain Statistics  
 
Population: 40,379,842 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 10.06 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 81.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 9.72 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.13% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 1.28 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 3,000,686 Population Female 0-14: 2,821,325
Population Male 15-64: 13,751,963 Population Female 15-64: 13,653,426
Population Male 65+: 2,993,496 Population Female 65+: 4,176,946
 
Population 0-14: 14.40% Literacy Rate: 97.90%
Population 15-64: 67.80% Literacy rate of Males: 98.70%
Population 65+: 17.70% Literacy rate of Females: 97.20%
 
Population that is Male: 48.00 % Population that is Female: 52.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 79.65 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 4.37 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 76.32 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 83.20 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.70% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 140,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.99
 
Nationality: SPANISH
 
Ethnic Groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types 
 
  
Primary Language: Castilian Spanish
 
Other Languages: Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%; note - Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
 
  
 SPANISH MILITARY
  Spain Facts |  Kingdom of Spain Information | Spain Statistics  
  
Branches: Spanish Armed Forces: Army, Navy (Armada Espanola, AE; includes Marine Corps), Air Force (Ejercito del Aire, EdA)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 20 years
 
Manpower Available: 18,521,645 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 15,057,821 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 455,189 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.20
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SPANISH RESOURCES
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Spain Spa and Resort Directory
 
Spain Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Spain Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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