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Suriname Facts

Suriname Facts | Republic of Suriname Information | Suriname Statistics | Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana

Suriname Facts |  Republic of Suriname Information | Suriname Statistics Suriname Facts |  Republic of Suriname Information | Suriname Statistics
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 SURINAMESE POLITICAL
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Background: First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party New Front coalition - returned to power in 1991 and has ruled since.
 
 
Common Name: Suriname Local Official Name: Suriname
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Suriname Official Name: Republiek Suriname
Official Script Name: Suriname Local Common Name: Suriname
Former Name: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN
 
Government Type: constitutional democracy
 
Independence: 1975 November 25 (from Netherlands)
 
Constitution: ratified 1987 September 30
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 25 November
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, Caricom, CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (suspended), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt); Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on Dutch legal system incorporating French penal theory
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 August 2000); Vice President Ram SARDJOE (since 3 August 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 August 2000); Vice President Ram SARDJOE (since 3 August 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly or, if no presidential or vice presidential candidate receives a two-thirds constitutional majority in the National Assembly after two votes, by a simple majority in the larger United People's Assembly (893 representatives from the national, local, and regional councils), for five-year terms (no term limits); election last held 25 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010) election results: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN reelected president; percent of vote - Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN 62.9%, Rabin PARMESSAR 35.4%, other 1.7%; note - after two votes in the parliament failed to secure a two-thirds majority for a candidate, the vote then went to a special session of the United People's Assembly on 3 August 2005 Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 25 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - NF 39.73%, NDP 22.2%, VVV 13.79%, A-Com 7.21%, A-1 5.86%, other 7.42%; seats by party - NF 23, NDP 15, VVV 5, A-Com 5, A-1 3 Judicial Branch: Cantonal Courts and a Court of Justice as an appellate court (justices are nominated for life)
 
Party Leaders: Alternative-1 or A-1 (a coalition of Amazone Party of Suriname or APS [Kenneth VAN GENDEREN], Democrats of the 21st Century or D-21 [Soewarto MOESTADJA], Nieuw Suriname or NS [Radjen Nanan PANDAY], Political Wing of the FAL or PVF [Jiwan SITAL], Trefpunt 2000 or T-2000 [Arti JESSURUN]); General Interior Development Party or ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Desire BOUTERSE]; New Front for Democracy and Development or NF (a coalition which includes A-Combination or A-Com [leader NA], Democratic Alternative 1991 or DA-91 which split from the A-1 before the elections of May 2005 and are an independent, business-oriented party [Winston JESSURUN], National Party Suriname or NPS [Ronald VENETIAAN], United Reform Party or VHP [Ram SARDJOE], Pertjaja Luhur or PL [Salam Paul SOMOHARDJO], Surinamese Labor Party or SPA [Siegfried GILDS]); Party for Democracy and Development in Unity or DOE [Marten SCHALKWIJK]; People's Alliance for Progress or VVV (a coalition of Democratic National Platform 2000 or DNP-2000 [Jules WIJDENBOSCH], Grassroots Party for Renewal and Democracy or BVD [Tjan GOBARDHAN], Party for National Unity and Solidarity of the Highest Order or KTPI [Willy SOEMITA], Party for Progression, Justice, and Perseverance or PPRS [Renee KAIMAN], Pendawalima or PL [Raymond SAPOEN]); Progressive Laborers and Farmers Union or PALU [Jim HOK]; Progressive Political Party or PPP [Surinder MUNGRA]; Seeka [Paul ABENA]; Union of Progressive Surinamers or UPS [Sheoradj PANDAY]
 
International Disputes: area claimed by French Guiana between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa); Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) arbitration to resolve the long-standing dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters
 
Illicit Drugs: growing transshipment point for South American drugs destined for Europe via the Netherlands and Brazil; transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing 
 
 
 SURINAMESE GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Suriname: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana
 
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 163,270 sq km 
Region: Southern American Land Area Land: 161,470 sq km
Capitol City: Paramaribo Land Area Water: 1,800 sq km
      
Latitude: 004 00 N Border Boundary Land: 1,707 km
Longitude: 056 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 386 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.36 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.06 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,230 m Location: Juliana Top
Lowest Elevation: -2 m Location: unnamed location in the coastal plain
  
Largest City in Suriname: Paramaribo Paramaribo Largest City Population: 233,000
  
Threatened Species: 58
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 510
 
Bordering Countries: Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km
 
Natural Resources: timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps
 
Comparative Area of Suriname: slightly larger than Georgia
 
Suriname's Geography: smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast
 

 SURINAMESE CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds
 
Natural Hazards: NA
 
 
 SURINAMESE ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The economy is dominated by the mining industry, which accounts for more than a third of GDP and subjects government revenues to mineral price volatility. The short-term economic outlook depends on the government's ability to control inflation and on the development of projects in the bauxite and gold mining sectors. Suriname's economic prospects for the medium term will depend on continued commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and to the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition. The government of Ronald VENETIAAN, in his first term, implemented an austerity program, raised taxes, and attempted to control spending. Economic policies are likely to remain the same during VENETIAAN's second term. Prospects for local onshore oil production are good, as a drilling program is underway. Offshore oil drilling was given a boost in 2004 when the State Oil Company (Staatsolie) signed exploration agreements with Repsol, Mearsk, and Occidental.
 
 
GDP: $2,893,000,000 USD Currency: Surinamese guilder
GDP per Capita: $6,600 USD Currency Code: SRG
GDP Growth Rate: 5.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Surinamese dollars per US dollar - 2.7317 (2005), Surinamese guilders per US dollar - 2.7336 (2004), 2.6013 (2003), 2.3468 (2002), 2.1785 (2001) note: during 1998, the exchange rate splintered into four distinct rates; in January 1999 the government floa
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 13.00 % GDP of Industry: 22.00 %
GDP of Services: 78.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 9.50 % Population in Poverty: 70.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 9.50 % Tourism: 57,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $392,600,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $425,900,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 2,014,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,873,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 35.82% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 64.18% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 12,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 14,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 1,370 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 1,644 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 150,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $504,300,000 USD Received in economic aid: $46,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: paddy rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; shrimp; forest products
 
Primary Industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 6.50 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $750,000,000 USD - capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
 
Import Partners: US 29.3%, Netherlands 17.5%, Trinidad and Tobago 12.7%, China 6.5%, Japan 5.2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $881,000,000 USD - alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
 
Export Partners: Norway 23.5%, US 16.5%, Canada 16.1%, Belgium 9.7%, France 7.9%, UAE 7.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 156,700
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture: 8%, industry: 14%, services: 78%
 
  
 SURINAMESE COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 18 Number of People with Radios: 300,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 63,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 81,100 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 232,800
 
Internet Service Providers: 126 Internet Users: 30,000
 
Internet Country Code: .sr Newspapers: 68
Two Letter Country Code: NS Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 597 Electricity Voltage: 127 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: international facilities are good domestic: microwave radio relay network international: country code - 597; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 SURINAMESE TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 1,168 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 51 km Waterways: 1,200 km
Airports: 5 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 199 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 2,110,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 5.10 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 1,078 GRT/1,214 DWT by type: cargo 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Paramaribo
 
  
 SURINAMESE PEOPLE
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Population: 439,117 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 18.02 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 3.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.27 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 0.20% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.32 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 65,412 Population Female 0-14: 62,069
Population Male 15-64: 145,913 Population Female 15-64: 138,076
Population Male 65+: 12,223 Population Female 65+: 15,424
 
Population 0-14: 29.00% Literacy Rate: 88.00%
Population 15-64: 64.70% Literacy rate of Males: 92.30%
Population 65+: 6.30% Literacy rate of Females: 84.10%
 
Population that is Male: 52.00 % Population that is Female: 48.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 69.01 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 23.02 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 66.66 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 71.47 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 1.70% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 5,200
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -8.76
 
Nationality: SURINAMESE
 
Ethnic Groups: Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country i 
 
  
Primary Language: Dutch
 
Other Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
 
 
Primary Religion: Hindu
 
Other Religions: Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%
 
  
 SURINAMESE MILITARY
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Branches: National Army, Naval Element, Air Wing
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 215,351 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 150,736 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.70
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SURINAMESE RESOURCES
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Suriname Spa and Resort Directory
 
Suriname Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Suriname Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

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