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Swaziland Facts

Swaziland Facts | Kingdom of Swaziland Information | Swaziland Statistics | Swaziland

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SWAZI Flag
 
 SWAZI POLITICAL
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Background: Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s have pressured the monarchy (one of the oldest on the continent) to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy.
 
 
Common Name: Swaziland Local Official Name: Swaziland
Abbreviated Name: Kingdom of Swaziland Official Name: Swaziland
Official Script Name: Swaziland Local Common Name: Swaziland
Former Name: Swaziland Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: King MSWATI III
 
Government Type: monarchy; independent member of Commonwealth
 
Independence: 1968 September 6 (from UK)
 
Constitution: none (constitution of 6 September 1968 was suspended 12
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 September
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986) head of government: Prime Minister Sibusiso Barnabas DLAMINI (since 9 August 1996) cabinet: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch Legislative Branch: bicameral Parliament or Libandla, an advisory body, consists of the Senate (30 seats - 10 appointed by the House of Assembly and 20 appointed by the monarch; members serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats - 10 appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; members serve five-year terms) elections: House of Assembly - last held 16 and 24 October 1998 (next to be held NA 2003) election results: House of Assembly - balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates for election are nominated by the local council of each constituency and for each constituency the three candidates with the most votes in the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round Judicial Branch: High Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the monarch
 
Party Leaders: political parties are banned by the constitution - the following are considered political associations - Imbokodvo National Movement or INM [leader NA]; Ngwane National Libertatory Congress or NNLC [Obed DLAMINI, president]; People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president]; Swaziland National Front or SWANAFRO [Elmond SHONGWE, president]
 
International Disputes: Swaziland continues to press South Africa into ceding ethnic Swazi lands in Kangwane region of KwaZulu-Natal province that were long ago part of the Swazi Kingdom
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 SWAZI GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Swaziland: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 17,363 sq km 
Region: Southern African Land Area Land: 17,203 sq km
Capitol City: Mbabane; note - Lobamba is the royal and legislative capital Land Area Water: 160 sq km
      
Latitude: 026 30 S Border Boundary Land: 535 km
Longitude: 031 30 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 10.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,862 m Location: Emlembe
Lowest Elevation: 21 m Location: Great Usutu River
  
Largest City in Swaziland: Mbabane Mbabane Largest City Population: 73,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 690
 
Bordering Countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km
 
Natural Resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
 
Comparative Area of Swaziland: slightly smaller than New Jersey
 
Swaziland's Geography: landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa
 

 SWAZI CLIMATE
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General Climate: varies from tropical to near temperate
 
Natural Hazards: drought
 
 
 SWAZI ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: In this small landlocked economy, subsistence agriculture occupies more than 80% of the population. Manufacturing features a number of agroprocessing factories. Mining has declined in importance in recent years: diamond mines have shut down because of the depletion of easily accessible reserves; high-grade iron ore deposits were depleted by 1978; and health concerns have cut world demand for asbestos. Exports of soft drink concentrate, sugar, and wood pulp are the main earners of hard currency. Surrounded by South Africa, except for a short border with Mozambique, Swaziland is heavily dependent on South Africa from which it receives nine-tenths of its imports and to which it sends more than two-thirds of its exports. Remittances from the Southern African Customs Union and Swazi workers in South African mines substantially supplement domestically earned income. The government is trying to improve the atmosphere for foreign investment. Overgrazing, soil depletion, drought, and sometimes floods persist as problems for the future. Prospects for 2002 are strengthened by the country's status as a beneficiary of the US African Growth and Opportunity Act initiative.
 
 
GDP: $4,600,000,000 USD Currency: lilangeni
GDP per Capita: $4,200 USD Currency Code: SZL
GDP Growth Rate: 2.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: emalangeni per US dollar - 11.5808 (January 2002), 8.4933 (2001), 6.9056 (2000), 6.1087 (1999), 5.4807 (1998), 4.6032 (1997); note - the Swazi lilangeni is at par with the South African rand; emalangeni is the plural form of lilangeni
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 10.00 % GDP of Industry: 43.00 %
GDP of Services: 47.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 7.50 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 34.00 % Tourism: 319,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $448,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $506,900,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 362,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 900,660,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 564,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 55.80% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 44.20% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $336,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $104,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
 
Primary Industries: mining (coal), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.70 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $850,000,000 USD - motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
 
Import Partners: South Africa 89%, EU 5%, Japan 2%, Singapore 2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $702,000,000 USD - soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
 
Export Partners: South Africa 72%, EU 12%, UK 6%, Mozambique 4%, US 4%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 0
 
Labor Force by Occupations: NA
 
  
 SWAZI COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Radios: 170,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 5 Number of People with Televisions: 23,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 38,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 45,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 6 Internet Users: 6,000
 
Internet Country Code: .sz Newspapers: 27
Two Letter Country Code: SZ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +268 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: a somewhat modern but not an advanced system domestic: system consists of carrier-equipped, open-wire lines and low-capacity, microwave radio relay international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 SWAZI TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 1,064 km Railways: 297 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 77 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: NA
 
Ports and Harbors: NA
 
  
 SWAZI PEOPLE
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Population: 1,123,605 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 39.59 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 56.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 23.26 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.63% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.77 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 254,573 Population Female 0-14: 256,677
Population Male 15-64: 281,645 Population Female 15-64: 301,071
Population Male 65+: 12,027 Population Female 65+: 17,612
 
Population 0-14: 45.50% Literacy Rate: 78.30%
Population 15-64: 51.90% Literacy rate of Males: 78.00%
Population 65+: 2.60% Literacy rate of Females: 78.40%
 
Population that is Male: 47.50 % Population that is Female: 52.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 37.00 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 109.43 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 36.35 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 37.66 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 35.60% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 212,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 7,100
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: SWAZI
 
Ethnic Groups: African 97%, European 3% 
 
  
Primary Language: English
 
Other Languages: English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
 
 
Primary Religion: Zionist
 
Other Religions: Zionist (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship) 40%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%
 
  
 SWAZI MILITARY
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Branches: Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force (Army), Royal Swaziland Police Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 253,510 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 146,805 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $20,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 4.75
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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