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Tajikistan Facts

Tajikistan Facts | Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics | Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics
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Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics
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Background: The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and it is now in the process of strengthening its democracy and transitioning to a free market economy after its 1992-1997 civil war. There have been no major security incidents in recent years, although the country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community in the wake of the war in Afghanistan has brought increased economic development assistance, which could create jobs and increase stability in the long term. Tajikistan is in the early stages of seeking World Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership for Peace.
Common Name: Tajikistan Local Official Name: Tajikistan
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Tajikistan Official Name: Jumhurii Tojikiston
Official Script Name: Tajikistan Local Common Name: Tajikistan
Former Name: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Emomali RAHMONOV
Government Type: Republic
Independence: 1991 September 9 (from Soviet Union)
Constitution: 1994 November 6
National Holiday: Independence Day (or National Day), 9 September
International Organization Participation: AsDB, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIGA, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Administrative Divisions: 2 provinces (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and 1 autonomous province* (viloyati mukhtor); Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa), Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon* [Gorno-Badakhshan] (Khorugh), Viloyati Sughd (Khujand) note: the administrative center name follows in parentheses
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: Chief of state: President Emomali RAHMONOV (since 6 November 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 November 1992) head of government: Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 January 1999) Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly Elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 6 November 1999 (next to be held November 2006); prime minister appointed by the president Election results: Emomali RAHMONOV elected president; percent of vote - Emomali RAHMONOV 97%, Davlat USMON 2% Legislative Branch: bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the Assembly of Representatives (lower chamber) or Majlisi Namoyandagon (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the National Assembly (upper chamber) or Majlisi Milliy (34 seats; members are indirectly elected, 25 selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; 1 seat reserved for the former president; all serve five-year terms) elections: last held 27 February and 13 March 2005 for the Assembly of Representatives (next to be held February 2010) and 25 March 2005 for the National Assembly (next to be held February 2010) election results: Assembly of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDPT 74.9%, CPT 13.6%, Islamic Revival Party 8.9%, other 2.5%; seats by party - PDPT 51, CPT 5, Islamic Revival Party 2, independents 5; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PDPT 29, CPT 2, independents 3 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Party Leaders: Agrarian Party of Tajikistan or APT [Amir KARAKULOV]; Democratic Party or DPT [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV]; Islamic Revival Party [Said Abdullo NURI]; Party of Economic Reform or PER [Olimjon BOBOYEV]; People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMONOV]; Social Democratic Party or SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOYIROV]; Socialist Party or SPT [Abdualim GHAFFOROV]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]
International Disputes: Boundary agreements signed in 2002 cede 1,000 sq km of Pamir Mountain range to China in return for China relinquishing claims to 28,000 sq km of Tajikistani lands, but neither state has published maps of ceded areas and demarcation has not yet commenced; talks continue with Uzbekistan to delimit border and remove minefields; disputes in Isfara Valley delay delimitation with Kyrgyzstan.
Illicit Drugs: Major transit country for Afghan narcotics bound for Russian and, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of opium poppy for domestic consumption; Tajikistan seizes roughly 80% of all drugs captured in Central Asia and stands third worldwide in seizures of opiates (heroin and raw opium). 
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Location of Tajikistan: Central Asia, west of China
Continent: Asia Land Area Total: 143,100 sq km 
Region: Central Asia Land Area Land: 142,700 sq km
Capitol City: Dushanbe Land Area Water: 400 sq km
Latitude: 039 00 N Border Boundary Land: 3,651 km
Longitude: 071 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
Arable Land: 6.52 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.89 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 7,495 m Location: Qullai Ismoili Somoni
Lowest Elevation: 300 m Location: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo)
Largest City in Tajikistan: Dushanbe Dushanbe Largest City Population: 523,000
Threatened Species: 24
Environmental Issues: inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides.
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 7,200
Bordering Countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Natural Resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Geographical Terrain: Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest
Comparative Area of Tajikistan: slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Tajikistan's Geography: landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range in the north and the Pamirs in the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain in the former USSR

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General Climate: Midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
Natural Hazards: earthquakes and floods
  Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics  
Economic Overview: Tajikistan has one of the lowest per capita GDPs among the 15 former Soviet republics. Only 6% of the land area is arable; cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited in amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly in light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production. Even though 64% of its people continue to live in abject poverty, Tajikistan has experienced steady economic growth since 1997, but experienced a slight drop in its growth rate to 8% in 2005 from 10.6% in 2004. Continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises would further increase productivity. Tajikistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, widespread unemployment, and the external debt burden. A debt restructuring agreement was reached with Russia in December 2002, including a $250 million write-off of Tajikistan's $300 million debt to Russia. Tajikistan ranks third in the world in terms of water resources per head. A proposed investment to finish the hydropower dams Rogun and Sangtuda would substantially add to electricity production. If finished, Rogun will be the world's tallest dam.
GDP: $8,730,000,000 USD Currency: somoni
GDP per Capita: $1,200 USD Currency Code: TJS
GDP Growth Rate: 8.00 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Tajikistani somoni per US dollar - 3.1166 (2005), 2.9705 (2004), 3.0614 (2003), 2.7641 (2002), 2.3722 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 23.40 % GDP of Industry: 28.60 %
GDP of Services: 48.00 %  
Inflation Rate: 7.10 % Population in Poverty: 64.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 12.00 % Tourism: 511,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.20 % Budget Revenue in USD: $442,300,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 25.20 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $542,600,000 USD
Electricity Production: 16,500,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 3,874,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 15,050,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 4,810,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 2.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 98.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 354 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 30,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 25,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 1,400,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 1,400,000,000 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $888,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $67,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Primary Industries: aluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Industrial Growth Rate: 8.20 %
Import Amount in USD: $1,250,000,000 USD - electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs
Import Partners: Russia 19.3%, Kazakhstan 12.7%, Uzbekistan 11.5%, Azerbaijan 8.6%, China 7%, Ukraine 6.2%, Romania 4.6%, Turkmenistan 4%
Export Amount in USD: $950,000,000 USD - aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles
Export Partners: Netherlands 46.6%, Turkey 15.8%, Russia 9.1%, Uzbekistan 7.3%, Latvia 4.9%, Iran 4%
GINI Index: 34.70%
Labor Force Number of People: 3,700,000
Labor Force by Occupations: Agriculture 67.2%, Industry 7.5%, Services 25.3%
  Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 20 Number of People with Radios: 1,291,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 13 Number of People with Televisions: 820,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 245,200 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 47,600
Internet Service Providers: 63 Internet Users: 5,000
Internet Country Code: .tj Newspapers: 20
Two Letter Country Code: TI Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +992 Electricity Voltage: Volts
Telephone Systems: General assessment: poorly developed and not well maintained; many towns are not linked to the national network Domestic: cable and microwave radio relay International: country code - 992; linked by cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; Dushanbe linked by Intelsat to international gateway switch in Ankara (Turkey); satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 2 Intelsat
  Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics  


Highways: 27,767 km Railways: 482 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 579 km Waterways: 200 km
Airports: 17 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 26 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 5,566,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 4.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: NA
  Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics  
Population: 7,320,815 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 32.65 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 44.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.25 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.19% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 4.00 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 1,396,349 Population Female 0-14: 1,375,168
Population Male 15-64: 2,091,476 Population Female 15-64: 2,108,889
Population Male 65+: 154,162 Population Female 65+: 194,771
Population 0-14: 37.90% Literacy Rate: 99.40%
Population 15-64: 57.40% Literacy rate of Males: 99.60%
Population 65+: 4.80% Literacy rate of Females: 99.10%
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 64.94 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 106.49 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 62.03 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 68.00 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -2.48
Nationality: TAJIKISTANI
Ethnic Groups: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% 
Primary Language: Tajik
Other Languages: Russian widely used in government and business
Primary Religion: Sunni Muslim
Other Religions: Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10%
  Tajikistan Facts |  Republic of Tajikistan Information | Tajikistan Statistics  
Branches: Ground Troops, Air and Air Defense Troops, Mobile Troops
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
Manpower Available: 3,125,195 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,542,832 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 173,715 People per year
Expenditures: $35,400,000 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 3.90
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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