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Tanzania Facts

Tanzania Facts | United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics | United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

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 TANZANIAN POLITICAL
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
Background: Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
 
 
Common Name: Tanzania Local Official Name: Tanzania
Abbreviated Name: United Republic of Tanzania Official Name: Tanzania
Official Script Name: Tanzania Local Common Name: Tanzania
Former Name: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Benjamin William MKAPA
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1964 April 26 (Tanganyika became independent 1961 Decem
 
Constitution: 1977 April 25; major revisions 1984 October
 
National Holiday: Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G- 6, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 25 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kagera, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 November 1995); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; Prime Minister Frederick SUMAYE (since NA) does not function as the head of government head of government: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 November 1995); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; Prime Minister Frederick SUMAYE (since NA) does not function as the head of government note: Zanzibar elects a president who is head of government for matters internal to Zanzibar; Amani Abeid KARUME was elected to that office on 29 October 2000 cabinet: Cabinet ministers, including the prime minister, are appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly election results: Benjamin William MKAPA reelected president; percent of vote - Benjamin William MKAPA 71.7%, Ibrahim Haruna LIPUMBA 16.3%, Augustine Lyatonga MREME 7.8%, John Momose CHEYO 4.2% elections: president and vice president elected on the same ballot by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 29 October 2000 (next to be held NA October 2005); prime minister appointed by the president Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (274 seats - 232 elected by popular vote, 37 allocated to women nominated by the president, five to members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives; members serve five-year terms); note - in addition to enacting laws that apply to the entire United Republic of Tanzania, the Assembly enacts laws that apply only to the mainland; Zanzibar has its own House of Representatives to make laws especially for Zanzibar (the Zanzibar House of Representatives has 50 seats, directly elected by universal suffrage to serve five-year terms) election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CCM 244, CUF 16, CHADEMA 4, TLP 3, UDP 2, Zanzibar representatives 5; Zanzibar House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CCM 34, CUF 16 elections: last held 29 October 2000 (next to be held NA October 2005) Judicial Branch: Permanent Commission of Enquiry (official ombudsman); Court of Appeal (consists of a chief justice and four judges); High Court (consists of a Jaji Kiongozi and 29 judges appointed by the president; holds regular sessions in all regions); District Courts; Primary Courts (limited jurisdiction and appeals can be made to the higher courts)
 
Party Leaders: Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo or CHADEMA [Bob MAKANI, chairman]; Chama Cha Mapinduzi or CCM (Revolutionary Party) [Benjamin William MKAPA, chairman]; Civic United Front or CUF [Seif Sharif HAMAD, secretary-general]; Democratic Party (unregistered) [Reverend Christopher MTIKLA]; National Convention for Construction and Reform or NCCR [James MBATIA, secretary general]; Tanzania Labor Party or TLP [Augustine Lyatonga MREMA, chairman]; Union for Multiparty Democracy or UMD [leader NA]; United Democratic Party or UDP [John CHEYO]
 
International Disputes: Tanzania and Malawi maintain a largely dormant dispute over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and current location of historical boundary in the meandering Songwe River
 
Illicit Drugs: growing role in transshipment of Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined for South African, European, and US markets and of South Asian methaqualone bound for Southern Africa 
 
 
 TANZANIAN GEOGRAPHY
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
 
Location of Tanzania: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 945,087 sq km 
Region: Central African Land Area Land: 886,037 sq km
Capitol City: Dar es Salaam Land Area Water: 59,050 sq km
      
Latitude: 006 00 S Border Boundary Land: 3,402 km
Longitude: 035 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,424 km 
  
Arable Land: 4.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 1.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 5,895 m Location: Kilimanjaro
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Indian Ocean
  
Largest City in Tanzania: Dar es Salaam Dar es Salaam Largest City Population: 2,245,000
  
Threatened Species: 379
 
Environmental Issues: soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban
 
Irrigated Land: 1,550
 
Bordering Countries: Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km
 
Natural Resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
 
Geographical Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
 
Comparative Area of Tanzania: slightly larger than twice the size of California
 
Tanzania's Geography: Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the south
 

 TANZANIAN CLIMATE
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
 
General Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
 
Natural Hazards: flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought
 
 
 TANZANIAN ECONOMY
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. Growth in 1991-2001 featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Natural gas exploration in the Rufiji Delta looks promising and production could start by 2002. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Continued donor support and solid macroeconomic policies should support steady real GDP growth of 5% in 2002 and 2003.
 
 
GDP: $22,100,000,000 USD Currency: Tanzanian shilling
GDP per Capita: $610 USD Currency Code: TZS
GDP Growth Rate: 5.00 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Tanzanian shillings per US dollar - 924.70 (January 2002), 876.41 (2001), 800.41 (2000), 744.76 (1999), 664.67 (1998), 612.12 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 48.40 % GDP of Industry: 16.70 %
GDP of Services: 34.90 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 5.00 % Population in Poverty: 51.10 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 450,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 2.80 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,010,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 30.10 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,380,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 2,765,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 2,616,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 45,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 18.08% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 81.92% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $6,800,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $963,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves (Zanzibar), corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
 
Primary Industries: primarily agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer, salt
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 8.40 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1,550,000,000 USD - consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
 
Import Partners: South Africa 11.5%, Japan 9.3%, UK 7.0%, Australia 6.2%
 
Export Amount in USD: $827,000,000 USD - gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
 
Export Partners: UK 22.0%, India 14.8%, Germany 9.9%, Netherlands 6.9%
 
    
GINI Index: 38.20%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 13,495,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 80%, industry and services 20%
 
  
 TANZANIAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 25 Number of People with Radios: 8,800,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 103,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 127,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 30,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 6 Internet Users: 115,000
 
Internet Country Code: .tz Newspapers: 4
Two Letter Country Code: TZ Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +255 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: fair system operating below capacity and being modernized for better service; VSAT (very small aperture terminal) system under construction domestic: trunk service provided by open wire, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, and fiber-optic cable; some links being made digital international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)
 
  
 TANZANIAN TRANSPORTATION
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  

   

Highways: 4,250 km Railways: 3,569 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 982 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 11 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 2 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 2,466,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.10 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 21,987 GRT/27,121 DWT ships by type: cargo 2, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1, short-sea passenger 1
 
Ports and Harbors: Bukoba, Dar es Salaam, Kigoma, Kilwa Masoko, Lindi, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pangani, Tanga, Wete, Zanzibar
 
  
 TANZANIAN PEOPLE
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
 
Population: 37,187,939 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 39.12 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 37.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 13.02 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.60% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.33 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 8,338,764 Population Female 0-14: 8,247,789
Population Male 15-64: 9,674,951 Population Female 15-64: 9,847,084
Population Male 65+: 9,847,084 Population Female 65+: 595,591
 
Population 0-14: 44.60% Literacy Rate: 67.80%
Population 15-64: 52.50% Literacy rate of Males: 79.40%
Population 65+: 2.90% Literacy rate of Females: 56.80%
 
Population that is Male: 49.50 % Population that is Female: 50.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 51.70 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 77.85 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 50.76 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 52.67 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 8.09% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 1,300,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 140,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.08
 
Nationality: TANZANIAN
 
Ethnic Groups: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African 
 
  
Primary Language: Kiswahili or Swahili
 
Other Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the m
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
 
  
 TANZANIAN MILITARY
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
  
Branches: Tanzanian People's Defense Force (including Army, Navy, and Air Force), paramilitary Police Field Force Unit (including Police Marine Unit and Police Air Wing), territorial militia
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 8,636,817 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 4,997,257 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $19,000,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.20
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 TANZANIAN RESOURCES
  Tanzania Facts |  United Republic of Tanzania Information | Tanzania Statistics  
  
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