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Tonga Facts

Tonga Facts | Kingdom of Tonga Information | Tonga Statistics | Friendly Islands

Tonga Facts |  Kingdom of Tonga Information | Tonga Statistics Tonga Facts |  Kingdom of Tonga Information | Tonga Statistics
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 TONGAN POLITICAL
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Background: Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.
 
 
Common Name: Tonga Local Official Name: Tonga
Abbreviated Name: Kingdom of Tonga Official Name: Tonga
Official Script Name: Tonga Local Common Name: Tonga
Former Name: Friendly Islands Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: King Taufa'ahau TUPOU V
 
Government Type: constitutional monarchy
 
Independence: 1970 June 4 (from UK protectorate)
 
Constitution: 1875 November 4, revised 1967 January 1
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 4 June
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
 
Administrative Divisions: 3 island groups; Ha'apai, Tongatapu, Vava'u
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English law
 
Suffrage: 21 years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: King George TUPOU V (since 11 September 2006) head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Feleti SEVELE (since 11 February 2006); Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Viliami TANGI (since 16 May 2006) cabinet: Cabinet currently consists of 14 members, 10 appointed by the monarch for life; 4 appointed from among the elected members of the Legislative Assembly, including 2 each from the nobles and peoples representatives serving three year terms note: there is also a Privy Council that consists of the monarch, the cabinet, and two governors elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the monarch Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fale Alea (32 seats - 14 reserved for cabinet ministers sitting ex officio, 9 for nobles selected by the country's 33 nobles, and 9 elected by popular vote; members serve three-year terms) elections: last held 21 March 2005 (next to be held in 2008) election results: Peoples Representatives: percent of vote - HRDMT 70%; seats - HRDMT 7, independents 2 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the monarch); Court of Appeal (Chief Justice and high court justices from overseas chosen and approved by Privy Council)
 
Party Leaders: People's Democratic Party [Tesina FUKO]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 TONGAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Tonga: Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 748 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 718 sq km
Capitol City: Nuku'alofa Land Area Water: 30 sq km
      
Latitude: 020 00 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 175 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 419 km 
  
Arable Land: 20.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 14.67 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,033 m Location: unnamed location on Kao Island
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Tonga: Nuku'alofa Nuku'alofa Largest City Population: 37,000
  
Threatened Species: 15
 
Environmental Issues: deforestation results as more and more land is being cleared for agriculture and settlement; some damage to coral reefs from starfish and indiscriminate coral and shell collectors; overhunting threatens native sea turtle populations
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish, fertile soil
 
Geographical Terrain: most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base
 
Comparative Area of Tonga: four times the size of Washington, DC
 
Tonga's Geography: archipelago of 169 islands (36 inhabited)
 

 TONGAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)
 
Natural Hazards: cyclones (October to April); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou
 
 
 TONGAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Tonga, a small, open, South Pacific island economy, has a narrow export base in agricultural goods. Squash, coconuts, bananas, and vanilla beans are the main crops, and agricultural exports make up two-thirds of total exports. The country must import a high proportion of its food, mainly from New Zealand. The country remains dependent on external aid and remittances from Tongan communities overseas to offset its trade deficit. Tourism is the second-largest source of hard currency earnings following remittances. The government is emphasizing the development of the private sector, especially the encouragement of investment, and is committing increased funds for health and education. Tonga has a reasonably sound basic infrastructure and well-developed social services. High unemployment among the young, a continuing upturn in inflation, pressures for democratic reform, and rising civil service expenditures are major issues facing the government.
 
 
GDP: $178,500,000 USD Currency: pa'anga
GDP per Capita: $2,200 USD Currency Code: TOP
GDP Growth Rate: 2.40 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: pa'anga per US dollar - 1.96 (2005), 1.9716 (2004), 2.142 (2003), 2.1952 (2002), 2.1236 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 23.00 % GDP of Industry: 27.00 %
GDP of Services: 50.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 11.10 % Population in Poverty: 24.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 13.00 % Tourism: 31,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $56,970,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $83,880,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 34,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 31,620,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 800 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $80,700,000 USD Received in economic aid: $19,300,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: squash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, ginger, black pepper; fish
 
Primary Industries: tourism, fishing
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 1.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $122,000,000 USD - foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals
 
Import Partners: NZ 33.4%, Fiji 26.7%, Australia 10.5%, US 8.4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $34,000,000 USD - squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops
 
Export Partners: Japan 41.5%, US 33.1%, NZ 6.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 33,910
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 65%, industry and services: 35%
 
  
 TONGAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 6 Number of People with Radios: 61,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 3 Number of People with Televisions: 2,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 11,200 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 16,400
 
Internet Service Providers: 18,775 Internet Users: 3,000
 
Internet Country Code: .to Newspapers: 72
Two Letter Country Code: TN Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 676 Electricity Voltage: 240 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: competition between Tonga Telecommunications Corporation (TCC) and Shoreline Communications Tonga (SCT) is accelerating expansion of telecommunications; SCT recently granted authority to develop high-speed digital service for telephone, Internet, and television domestic: fully automatic switched network international: country code - 676; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 TONGAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 184 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 1 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 216 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 121,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 1.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 16 ships (1000 GRT or over) 62,185 GRT/72,960 DWT by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 10, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 1 foreign-owned: 4 (Australia 1, Norway 1, Switzerland 1, UK 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Nuku'alofa
 
  
 TONGAN PEOPLE
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Population: 114,689 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 25.37 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 139.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 5.28 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.01% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 3.00 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 20,679 Population Female 0-14: 19,843
Population Male 15-64: 34,399 Population Female 15-64: 34,964
Population Male 65+: 2,059 Population Female 65+: 2,745
 
Population 0-14: 35.30% Literacy Rate: 98.90%
Population 15-64: 60.50% Literacy rate of Males: 98.80%
Population 65+: 4.20% Literacy rate of Females: 99.00%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 69.82 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 12.30 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 67.32 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 72.45 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: TONGAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Polynesian, Europeans 
 
  
Primary Language: Tongan
 
Other Languages: Tongan, English
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)
 
  
 TONGAN MILITARY
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Branches: Tonga Defense Services: Land Force (Royal Guard), Naval Force (includes Royal Marines, Air Wing)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 50,247 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 41,182 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 3,124 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 TONGAN RESOURCES
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