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Tuvalu Facts

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 TUVALUAN POLITICAL
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Background: In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period.
 
 
Common Name: Tuvalu Local Official Name: Tuvalu
Abbreviated Name: Tuvalu Official Name: Tuvalu
Official Script Name: Tuvalu Local Common Name: Tuvalu
Former Name: Ellice Islands Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II
 
Government Type: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy
 
Independence: 1978 October 1 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1978 October 1
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 1 October
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, IFRCS (observer), IMO, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
 
Administrative Divisions: NA
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: NA
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Filoimea TELITO (since 15 April 2005) head of government: Prime Minister Apisai IELEMIA (since 14 August 2006) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by and from the members of Parliament; election last held 14 August 2006 (next to be held following parliamentary elections in 2010) election results: Apisai IELEMIA elected Prime Minister in a Parliamentary election on 14 August 2006 Legislative Branch: unicameral Parliament or Fale I Fono, also called House of Assembly (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 3 August 2006 (next to be held in 2010) election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 15 Judicial Branch: High Court (a chief justice visits twice a year to preside over its sessions; its rulings can be appealed to the Court of Appeal in Fiji); eight Island Courts (with limited jurisdiction)
 
Party Leaders: there are no political parties but members of Parliament usually align themselves in informal groupings
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 TUVALUAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Tuvalu: Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 26 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 26 sq km
Capitol City: Funafuti Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 008 00 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 178 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 24 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 66.67 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 5 m Location: unnamed location
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Tuvalu: Funafuti Funafuti Largest City Population: 6,000
  
Threatened Species: 7
 
Environmental Issues: since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; in 2000, the government appealed to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: fish
 
Geographical Terrain: very low-lying and narrow coral atolls
 
Comparative Area of Tuvalu: 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Tuvalu's Geography: one of the smallest and most remote countries on Earth; six of the coral atolls - Nanumea, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae - have lagoons open to the ocean; Nanumaya and Niutao have landlocked lagoons; Niulakita does not have a lagoon
 

 TUVALUAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)
 
Natural Hazards: severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, in 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level
 
 
 TUVALUAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Tuvalu consists of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil. The country has no known mineral resources and few exports. Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. Fewer than 1,000 tourists, on average, visit Tuvalu annually. Government revenues largely come from the sale of stamps and coins and remittances from seamen on merchant ships abroad. About 1,000 Tuvaluans are being repatriated from Nauru, with the decline of phosphate resources there. Substantial income is received annually from an international trust fund established in 1987 by Australia, NZ, and the UK and supported also by Japan and South Korea. Thanks to wise investments and conservative withdrawals, this fund has grown from an initial $17 million to over $35 million in 1999. The US Government is also a major revenue source for Tuvalu because of payments from a 1988 treaty on fisheries. In an effort to reduce its dependence on foreign aid, the government is pursuing public sector reforms, including privatization of some government functions and personnel cuts of up to 7%. Tuvalu derives around $1.5 million per year from the lease of its ".tv" Internet domain name. With merchandise exports only a fraction of merchandise imports, continued reliance must be placed on fishing and telecommunications license fees, remittances from overseas workers, official transfers, and income from overseas investments.
 
 
GDP: $14,940,000 USD Currency: Australian dollar
GDP per Capita: $1,600 USD Currency Code: AUD
GDP Growth Rate: 1.20 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Tuvaluan dollars or Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002), 1.9334 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 16.60 % GDP of Industry: 27.20 %
GDP of Services: 56.20 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.70 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 1,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $22,780,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $14,230,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 0 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 0 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $0 USD Received in economic aid: $13,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coconuts; fish
 
Primary Industries: fishing, tourism, copra
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 0.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $9,186,000 USD - food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods
 
Import Partners: Fiji 46.1%, Japan 18.9%, China 18.2%, Australia 7.7%, NZ 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $1,000,000 USD - copra, fish
 
Export Partners: Germany 60.5%, Italy 20.1%, Fiji 6.9%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 3,615
 
Labor Force by Occupations: note: people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and from wages sent home by those abroad (mostly workers in the phosphate industry and sailors)
 
  
 TUVALUAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Radios: 4,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 0 Number of People with Televisions: 800
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 700 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 0
 
Internet Service Providers: 1 Internet Users: 1,300
 
Internet Country Code: .tv Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: TV Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 688 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: serves particular needs for internal communications domestic: radiotelephone communications between islands international: country code - 688; international calls can be made by satellite
 
  
 TUVALUAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 8 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 0 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 5,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 52 ships (1000 GRT or over) 196,790 GRT/256,436 DWT by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 37, chemical tanker 1, container 2, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 4, specialized tanker 1 foreign-owned: 43 (China 23, Hong Kong 8, Kenya 1, Russia 2, Singapore 6, Thailand 1, Turkey 2)
 
Ports and Harbors: Funafuti
 
  
 TUVALUAN PEOPLE
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Population: 11,810 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 22.18 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 423.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.11 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.51% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.98 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 1,819 Population Female 0-14: 1,752
Population Male 15-64: 3,715 Population Female 15-64: 3,923
Population Male 65+: 228 Population Female 65+: 373
 
Population 0-14: 30.20% Literacy Rate: 0.00%
Population 15-64: 64.70% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 5.10% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 68.32 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 19.47 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 66.08 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 70.66 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
 
Nationality: TUVALUAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Polynesian 96%, Micronesian 4% 
 
  
Primary Language: Tuvaluan
 
Other Languages: Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
 
 
Primary Religion: Church of Tuvalu
 
Other Religions: Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%
 
  
 TUVALUAN MILITARY
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Branches: no regular military forces; Police Force
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 0 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 0 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 TUVALUAN RESOURCES
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