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Uganda Facts

Uganda Facts | Republic of Uganda Information | Uganda Statistics | Uganda

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 UGANDAN POLITICAL
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Background: Uganda achieved independence from the UK in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed another 100,000 lives. During the 1990s the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.
 
 
Common Name: Uganda Local Official Name: Uganda
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Uganda Official Name: Uganda
Official Script Name: Uganda Local Common Name: Uganda
Former Name: Uganda Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI
 
Government Type: republic
 
Independence: 1962 October 9 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1995 October 8 (adopted by the interim, 284-member Cons
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 9 October
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
 
Administrative Divisions: 45 districts; Adjumani, Apac, Arua, Bugiri, Bundibugyo, Bushenyi, Busia, Gulu, Hoima, Iganga, Jinja, Kabale, Kabarole, Kalangala, Kampala, Kamuli, Kapchorwa, Kasese, Katakwi, Kibale, Kiboga, Kisoro, Kitgum, Kotido, Kumi, Lira, Luwero, Masaka, Masindi, Mbale, Mbarara, Moroto, Moyo, Mpigi, Mubende, Mukono, Nakasongola, Nebbi, Ntungamo, Pallisa, Rakai, Rukungiri, Sembabule, Soroti, Tororo note: there may be eleven more districts: Kaberamaido, Kamwenge, Kanungu, Kayunga, Kyenjojo, Mayngc, Nakapiripiti, Pader, Sironko, Wakiso, Yumbe
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: in 1995, the government restored the legal system to one based on English common law and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 29 January 1986); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government head of government: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 29 January 1986); Prime Minister Apollo NSIBAMBI (since 5 April 1999); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; the prime minister assists the president in the supervision of the cabinet cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among elected legislators election results: Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI elected president; percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI 69.3%, Kizza BESIGYE 27.8% elections: president reelected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 12 March 2001 (next to be held NA 2006); note - first popular election for president since independence in 1962 was held in 1996; prime minister appointed by the president Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly (303 members - 214 directly elected by popular vote, 81 nominated by legally established special interest groups [women 56, army 10, disabled 5, youth 5, labor 5], 8 ex officio members; members serve five-year terms) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; note - election campaigning by party was not permitted elections: last held 26 June 2001 (next to be held May or June 2006); Judicial Branch: Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the president and approved by the legislature); High Court (judges are appointed by the president)
 
Party Leaders: only one political organization, the National Resistance Movement or NRM [President MUSEVENI, chairman] is allowed to operate unfettered; note - the president maintains that the NRM is not a political party, but a movement which claims the loyalty of all Ugandans note: the new constitution requires the suspension of political parties while the Movement organization is in governance; of the political parties that exist but are prohibited from sponsoring candidates, the most important are the Ugandan People's Congress or UPC [Milton OBOTE]; Democratic Party or DP [Paul SSEMOGERERE]; Conservative Party or CP [Joshua S. MAYANJA-NKANGI]; Justice Forum [Muhammad Kibirige MAYANJA]; and National Democrats Forum [Chapaa KARUHANGA]
 
International Disputes: Tutsi, Hutu, and other ethnic groups, political rebels, and various government forces continue fighting in Great Lakes region, transcending the boundaries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 UGANDAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Uganda: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
 
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 236,040 sq km 
Region: Central African Land Area Land: 199,710 sq km
Capitol City: Kampala Land Area Water: 36,330 sq km
      
Latitude: 001 00 N Border Boundary Land: 2,698 km
Longitude: 032 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
  
Arable Land: 25.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 9.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 5,110 m Location: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley
Lowest Elevation: 621 m Location: Lake Albert
  
Largest City in Uganda: Kampala Kampala Largest City Population: 1,154,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; poaching is widespread
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
 
Irrigated Land: 90
 
Bordering Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km, Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km
 
Natural Resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land
 
Geographical Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains
 
Comparative Area of Uganda: slightly smaller than Oregon
 
Uganda's Geography: landlocked; fertile, well-watered country with many lakes and rivers
 

 UGANDAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
 
Natural Hazards: NA
 
 
 UGANDAN ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee is the major export crop and accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Ongoing Ugandan involvement in the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, corruption within the government, and slippage in the government's determination to press reforms raise doubts about the continuation of strong growth. In 2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion. Growth for 2001 was held back because of a continued decline in the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export.
 
 
GDP: $29,000,000,000 USD Currency: Ugandan shilling
GDP per Capita: $1,200 USD Currency Code: UGX
GDP Growth Rate: 5.10 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Ugandan shillings per US dollar - 1,738.7 (January 2002), 1,755.7 (2001), 1,644.5 (2000), 1,454.8 (1999), 1,240.2 (1998), 1,083.0 (1997)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 44.00 % GDP of Industry: 18.00 %
GDP of Services: 38.00 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.50 % Population in Poverty: 35.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 238,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 4.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $959,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 21.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,040,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 1,599,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 174,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 1,314,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 1,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.94% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 99.06% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $3,400,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $1,400,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, cut flowers
 
Primary Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 7.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $1,260,000,000 USD - capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals
 
Import Partners: Kenya 43.1%, US 7.0%, India 6.8%, South Africa 6.1%, Japan 3.4%
 
Export Amount in USD: $367,000,000 USD - coffee, fish and fish products, tea; gold, cotton, flowers, horticultural products
 
Export Partners: Germany 12.0%, Netherlands 10.2%, US 8.7%, Spain 8.0%, Belgium 7.1%
 
    
GINI Index: 37.40%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 12,000,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13%
 
  
 UGANDAN COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 42 Number of People with Radios: 5,000,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 8 Number of People with Televisions: 500,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 50,074 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 9,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 2 Internet Users: 25,000
 
Internet Country Code: .ug Newspapers: 2
Two Letter Country Code: UG Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +256 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: seriously inadequate; two cellular systems have been introduced, but a sharp increase in the number of main lines is essential; e-mail and Internet services are available domestic: intercity traffic by wire, microwave radio relay, and radiotelephone communication stations, fixed and mobile cellular systems for short range traffic international: satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 Inmarsat; analog links to Kenya and Tanzania
 
  
 UGANDAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 1,800 km Railways: 1,241 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 4 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 6 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,091 GRT/8,229 DWT ships by type: roll on/roll off 3 note: these ships are in cargo and passenger (ferry) service on Uganda's inland waterways
 
Ports and Harbors: Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell
 
  
 UGANDAN PEOPLE
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Population: 24,699,073 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 47.15 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 90.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 17.53 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 2.94% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.80 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 6,314,371 Population Female 0-14: 6,265,681
Population Male 15-64: 5,803,430 Population Female 15-64: 5,789,713
Population Male 65+: 247,798 Population Female 65+: 278,080
 
Population 0-14: 50.90% Literacy Rate: 62.70%
Population 15-64: 47.00% Literacy rate of Males: 74.00%
Population 65+: 2.10% Literacy rate of Females: 54.00%
 
Population that is Male: 50.00 % Population that is Female: 50.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 43.81 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 89.35 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 42.97 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 44.67 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 6.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 1,100,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 110,000
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.28
 
Nationality: UGANDAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8% 
 
  
Primary Language: Ganda or Luganda
 
Other Languages: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capit
 
 
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
 
Other Religions: Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%
 
  
 UGANDAN MILITARY
  Uganda Facts |  Republic of Uganda Information | Uganda Statistics  
  
Branches: Ugandan Peoples' Defense Force (including Army, Marine unit, Air Wing)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 5,302,787 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 2,879,083 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
 
Expenditures: $121,300,000 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 2.10
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 UGANDAN RESOURCES
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