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United Arab Emirates Facts

United Arab Emirates Facts | United Arab Emirates Information | United Arab Emirates Statistics | Trucial Oman, Trucial States

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EMIRATI Flag
 
 EMIRATI POLITICAL
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Background: The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.
 
 
Common Name: United Arab Emirates Local Official Name: United Arab Emirates
Abbreviated Name: United Arab Emirates Official Name: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah
Official Script Name: United Arab Emirates Local Common Name: UAE
Former Name: Trucial Oman, Trucial States Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan
 
Government Type: federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates
 
Independence: 1971 December 2 (from UK)
 
Constitution: 1971 December 2 (made permanent in 1996)
 
National Holiday: Independence Day, 2 December
 
International Organization Participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 
Administrative Divisions: 7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: federal court system introduced in 1971; applies to all emirates except Dubayy (Dubai) and Ra's al Khaymah, which are not fully integrated into the federal judicial system; all emirates have secular courts to adjudicate criminal, civil, and commercial mat
 
Suffrage: NA years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 3 November 2004), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 4 November 2004); Vice President and Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006) head of government: Prime Minister and Vice President MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers SULTAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 November 1990) and HAMDAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 October 2003) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation; meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power elections: president and vice president elected by the FSC for five-year terms (no term limits); election last held 3 November 2004 upon the death of the UAE's Founding Father and first President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (next to be held 2009); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president election results: KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan elected president by a unanimous vote of the FSC; MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum unanimously reaffirmed vice president Legislative Branch: unicameral Federal National Council (FNC) or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states to serve two-year terms) elections: President KHALIFA in December 2005 announced that indirect elections would be held in early 2006 for half of the seats in the FNC; the other half would be filled by appointment note: reviews legislation, but cannot change or veto Judicial Branch: Union Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
 
Party Leaders: NA
 
International Disputes: the United Arab Emirate 2006 Yearbook published a map and text rescinding the 1974 boundary with Saudi Arabia, as stipulated in a treaty filed with the UN in 1993, on the grounds that the agreement was not formally ratified; boundary agreement was signed and ratified with Oman in 2003 for entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves, but contents of the agreement and maps showing the alignment have not been published; Iran and UAE dispute Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which Iran occupies
 
Illicit Drugs: the UAE is a drug transshipment point for traffickers given its proximity to Southwest Asian drug producing countries; the UAE's position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering; anti-money-laundering controls improving, but informal banking remains unregulated 
 
 
 EMIRATI GEOGRAPHY
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Location of United Arab Emirates: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
 
Continent: Middle East Land Area Total: 82,880 sq km 
Region: Middle Eastern Land Area Land: 82,880 sq km
Capitol City: Abu Dhabi Land Area Water: 0 sq km
      
Latitude: 024 00 N Border Boundary Land: 867 km
Longitude: 054 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,318 km 
  
Arable Land: 0.77 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 2.27 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,527 m Location: Jabal Yibir
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Persian Gulf
  
Largest City in United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi Largest City Population: 904,000
  
Threatened Species: 19
 
Environmental Issues: lack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Irrigated Land: 760
 
Bordering Countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
 
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas
 
Geographical Terrain: flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
 
Comparative Area of United Arab Emirates: slightly smaller than Maine
 
United Arab Emirates's Geography: strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil
 

 EMIRATI CLIMATE
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General Climate: desert; cooler in eastern mountains
 
Natural Hazards: frequent sand and dust storms
 
 
 EMIRATI ECONOMY
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Economic Overview: The UAE has an open economy with a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Its wealth is based on oil and gas output (about 30% of GDP), and the fortunes of the economy fluctuate with the prices of those commodities. Since the discovery of oil in the UAE more than 30 years ago, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. At present levels of production, oil and gas reserves should last for more than 100 years. The government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up its utilities to greater private sector involvement. Higher oil revenue, strong liquidity, and cheap credit in 2005 led to a surge in asset prices (shares and real estate) and consumer inflation. Any sharp correction to the UAE's equity markets could damage investor and consumer sentiment and affect bank asset quality. In April 2004, the UAE signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) with Washington and in November 2004 agreed to undertake negotiations toward a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the US.
 
 
GDP: $115,800,000,000 USD Currency: Emirati dirham
GDP per Capita: $45,200 USD Currency Code: AED
GDP Growth Rate: 8.80 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: Emirati dirhams per US dollar - 3.6725 (2005), 3.6725 (2004), 3.6725 (2003), 3.6725 (2002), 3.6725 (2001) note: officially pegged to the US dollar since February 2002
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 4.00 % GDP of Industry: 58.50 %
GDP of Services: 37.50 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 10.50 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 2,481,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $34,930,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $29,410,000,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 45,120,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 38,320,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 2,396,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 44,790,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 310,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 37,880,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 2,500,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 7,190,000,000 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 97,800,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 6,006,000,000 cu m
   
External Debt: $34,470,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $0 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $5,200,000,000 USD
   
Agricultural Products: dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
 
Primary Industries: petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 4.00 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $60,150,000,000 USD - machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
 
Import Partners: UK 10%, China 9.7%, US 9.4%, India 9.2%, Germany 5.9%, Japan 5.4%, France 4.7%, Singapore 4.1%
 
Export Amount in USD: $103,100,000,000 USD - crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
 
Export Partners: Japan 24.6%, South Korea 9.8%, Thailand 5.6%, India 4.3%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 2,800,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: services 78%, industry 15%, agriculture 7%
 
  
 EMIRATI COMMUNICATIONS
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Radio Broadcast Stations: 23 Number of People with Radios: 820,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 15 Number of People with Televisions: 310,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 1,237,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 4,535,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 337,092 Internet Users: 1,397,200
 
Internet Country Code: .ae Newspapers: 156
Two Letter Country Code: AE Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 971 Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern fiber-optic integrated services; digital network with rapidly growing use of mobile cellular telephones; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai domestic: microwave radio relay, fiber optic and coaxial cable international: country code - 971; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; submarine cables to Qatar, Bahrain, India, and Pakistan; tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia
 
  
 EMIRATI TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 1,088 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 6,511 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 23 Heliports: 4
 
Motor Vehicles: 193 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 79,499,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 34.40 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 58 ships (1000 GRT or over) 656,003 GRT/891,837 DWT by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 7, chemical tanker 5, container 6, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 20, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 1 foreign-owned: 10 (Greece 2, Kuwait 8) registered in other countries: 259 (Bahamas 16, Barbados 1, Belize 5, Cambodia 1, Comoros 6, Cyprus 11, Dominica 2, Georgia 1, Hong Kong 2, India 6, Iran 1, Jordan 11, Kiribati 1, North Korea 6, Liberia 18, Malta 5, Marshall Islands 3, Mexico 1, Mongolia 5, Norway 1, Panama 105, Philippines 1, Saint Kitts and Nevis 19, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 11, Saudi Arabia 1, Sierra Leone 3, Singapore 7, Somalia 1, Sri Lanka 2, Syria 1, unknown 5)
 
Ports and Harbors: Al Fujayrah, Khawr Fakkan, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Mina' Rashid, Mina' Saqr, Mina' Zayid, Sharjan
 
  
 EMIRATI PEOPLE
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Population: 2,602,713 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 18.96 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 36.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.40 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.52% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.88 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 331,012 Population Female 0-14: 317,643
Population Male 15-64: 1,125,286 Population Female 15-64: 726,689
Population Male 65+: 74,700 Population Female 65+: 27,383
 
Population 0-14: 24.90% Literacy Rate: 77.90%
Population 15-64: 71.20% Literacy rate of Males: 76.10%
Population 65+: 3.90% Literacy rate of Females: 81.70%
 
Population that is Male: 71.50 % Population that is Female: 28.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 75.44 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 14.09 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 72.92 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 78.08 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.18% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.66
 
Nationality: EMIRATI
 
Ethnic Groups: Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982) note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982) 
 
  
Primary Language: Arabic
 
Other Languages: Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
 
 
Primary Religion: Muslim
 
Other Religions: Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%
 
  
 EMIRATI MILITARY
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Branches: Army, Navy (includes Marines and Coast Guard), Air and Air Defense Force, paramilitary forces (includes Federal Police Force)
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
 
Manpower Available: 1,150,575 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 946,646 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 60,323 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 3.10
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 EMIRATI RESOURCES
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United Arab Emirates Spa and Resort Directory
 
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