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Vanuatu Facts

Vanuatu Facts | Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics | New Hebrides

Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics
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Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics
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Background: Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceeding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.
Common Name: Vanuatu Local Official Name: Vanuatu
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Vanuatu Official Name: Ripablik blong Vanuatu
Official Script Name: Vanuatu Local Common Name: Vanuatu
Former Name: New Hebrides Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Father John BANI
Government Type: parliamentary republic
Independence: 1980 July 30 (from France and UK)
Constitution: 1980 July 30
National Holiday: Independence Day, 30 July
International Organization Participation: ACCT, ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Administrative Divisions: 6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: unified system being created from former dual French and British systems
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Kalkot Matas KELEKELE (since 16 August 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Ham LINI (since 11 December 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Sato KILMAN (since 11 December 2004) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament elections: president elected for a five-year term by an electoral college consisting of Parliament and the presidents of the regional councils; election for president last held 16 August 2004 (next to be held in 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament from among its members; election for prime minister last held 29 July 2004 (next to be held following general elections in 2008) election results: Kalkot Matas KELEKELE elected president, with 49 votes out of 56, after several ballots on 16 August 2004 Legislative Branch: unicameral Parliament (52 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 6 July 2004 (next to be held 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NUP 10, UMP 8, VP 8, VRP 4, MPP 3, VGP 3, other and independent 16; note - political party associations are fluid note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of culture and language Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission)
Party Leaders: Jon Frum Movement [Song KEASPAI]; Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]; National United Party or NUP [Hem LINI]; Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI]; Vanuatu Greens Party or VGP [Moana CARCASSES]; Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]
International Disputes: Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by Vanuatu and France
Illicit Drugs: NA 
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Location of Vanuatu: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 12,200 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 12,200 sq km
Capitol City: Port-Vila Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 016 00 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 167 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 2,528 km 
Arable Land: 1.64 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 6.97 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 1,877 m Location: Tabwemasana
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
Largest City in Vanuatu: Vila Vila Largest City Population: 26,000
Threatened Species: 29
Environmental Issues: a majority of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; deforestation
Environmental Agreements: party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94 signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 0
Bordering Countries: NA
Natural Resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Geographical Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Comparative Area of Vanuatu: slightly larger than Connecticut
Vanuatu's Geography: a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes

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General Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
Natural Hazards: tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began 27 November 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis
  Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics  
Economic Overview: This South Pacific island economy is based primarily on small-scale agriculture, which provides a living for 65% of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, with about 50,000 visitors in 2004, are other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. GDP growth rose less than 3% on average in the 1990s. In response to foreign concerns, the government has promised to tighten regulation of its offshore financial center. In mid-2002 the government stepped up efforts to boost tourism. Agriculture, especially livestock farming, is a second target for growth. Australia and New Zealand are the main suppliers of tourists and foreign aid.
GDP: $276,300,000 USD Currency: vatu
GDP per Capita: $2,900 USD Currency Code: VUV
GDP Growth Rate: 6.80 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: vatu per US dollar - NA (2005), 111.79 (2004), 122.19 (2003), 139.2 (2002), 145.31 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 26.00 % GDP of Industry: 12.00 %
GDP of Services: 62.00 %  
Inflation Rate: -1.60 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 1.70 % Tourism: 50,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $75,700,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $72,230,000 USD
Electricity Production: 410,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 38,130,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 620 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $81,200,000 USD Received in economic aid: $37,800,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish
Primary Industries: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Industrial Growth Rate: 1.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $117,100,000 USD - machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels
Import Partners: Australia 18.4%, Japan 16.6%, Singapore 14.7%, Poland 8.5%, NZ 7.2%, Fiji 6.3%
Export Amount in USD: $34,110,000 USD - copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee
Export Partners: Thailand 46.5%, India 14.1%, Poland 7.9%, Turkey 7.7%, Japan 6.9%
GINI Index: 0.00%
Labor Force Number of People: 76,410
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 65%, services 30%, industry 5%
  Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 7 Number of People with Radios: 67,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 1 Number of People with Televisions: 2,300
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 6,800 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 12,700
Internet Service Providers: 413 Internet Users: 7,500
Internet Country Code: .vu Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: NH Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 678 Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: NA domestic: NA international: country code - 678; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
  Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics  


Highways: 256 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 3 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 36 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 62,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.30 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 51 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,340,132 GRT/1,908,687 DWT by type: bulk carrier 29, cargo 8, container 1, liquefied gas 2, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 2, vehicle carrier 5 foreign-owned: 51 (Australia 2, Canada 5, Denmark 6, Estonia 1, Japan 28, Poland 5, Russia 1, Switzerland 2, US 1)
Ports and Harbors: Forari, Port-Vila, Santo (Espiritu Santo)
  Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics  
Population: 208,869 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 22.72 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 17.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 7.82 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.49% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.70 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 34,804 Population Female 0-14: 33,331
Population Male 15-64: 67,919 Population Female 15-64: 65,138
Population Male 65+: 4,027 Population Female 65+: 3,650
Population 0-14: 32.60% Literacy Rate: 74.00%
Population 15-64: 63.70% Literacy rate of Males: 0.00%
Population 65+: 3.70% Literacy rate of Females: 0.00%
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 62.85 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 53.80 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 61.34 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 64.44 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 0
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 0.00
Nationality: NI-VANUATU
Ethnic Groups: Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7%
Primary Religion: Presbyterian
Other Religions: Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman Catholic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3%
  Vanuatu Facts |  Republic of Vanuatu Information | Vanuatu Statistics  
Branches: no regular military forces; security forces comprise the Vanuatu Police Force (VPF) and paramilitary Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF), which includes Vanuatu's naval force, known as the Police Maritime Wing (PMW); border security in Vanuatu is the joint responsibility of the Customs and Inland Revenue Service, VPF, VMF, and PMW
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 50,221 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 33,837 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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