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Venezuela Facts

Venezuela Facts | Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics | Venezuela

Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics
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Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics
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  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
Background: Venezuela was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and New Granada, which became Colombia). For most of the first half of the 20th century, Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms. Democratically elected governments have held sway since 1959. Hugo CHAVEZ, president since 1999, has promoted a controversial policy of "democratic socialism," which purports to alleviate social ills while at the same time attacking globalization and undermining regional stability. Current concerns include: a weakening of democratic institutions, political polarization, a politicized military, drug-related violence along the Colombian border, increasing internal drug consumption, overdependence on the petroleum industry with its price fluctuations, and irresponsible mining operations that are endangering the rain forest and indigenous peoples.
Common Name: Venezuela Local Official Name: Venezuela
Abbreviated Name: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Official Name: Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela
Official Script Name: Venezuela Local Common Name: Venezuela
Former Name: Venezuela Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias
Government Type: federal republic
Independence: 1811 July 5 (from Spain)
Constitution: 1999 December 30
National Holiday: Independence Day, 5 July
Administrative Divisions: 23 states (estados, singular - estado), 1 federal district* (distrito federal), and 1 federal dependency** (dependencia federal); Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Dependencias Federales**, Distrito Federal*, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Vargas, Yaracuy, Zulia note: the federal dependency consists of 11 federally controlled island groups with a total of 72 individual islands
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on organic laws as of July 1999; open, adversarial court system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 February 1999); Vice President Jose Vicente RANGEL Vale (since 28 April 2002); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 February 1999); Vice President Jose Vicente RANGEL Vale (since 28 April 2002) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 3 December 2006 (next to be held December 2012) note: in 1999, a National Constituent Assembly drafted a new constitution that increased the presidential term to six years; an election was subsequently held on 30 July 2000 under the terms of this new constitution election results: Hugo CHAVEZ Frias reelected president; percent of vote - Hugo CHAVEZ Frias 63%, Manuel ROSALES 37% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly or Asamblea Nacional (167 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; three seats reserved for the indigenous peoples of Venezuela) elections: last held 4 December 2005 (next to be held in 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - pro-government 167 (MVR 114, PODEMOS 15, PPT 11, indigenous 2, other 25), opposition 0 Judicial Branch; Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribuna Suprema de Justicia (magistrates are elected by the National Assembly for a single 12-year term)
Party Leaders: Christian Democrats or COPEI [Eduardo FERNANDEZ]; Democratic Action or AD [Jesus MENDEZ Quijada]; Fatherland for All or PPT [Jose ALBORNOZ]; Fifth Republic Movement or MVR [Hugo CHAVEZ]; Justice First [Julio BORGES]; Movement Toward Socialism or MAS [Hector MUJICA]; Venezuela Project or PV [Henrique SALAS Romer]; We Can or PODEMOS [Ismael GARCIA]
International Disputes: claims all of the area west of the Essequibo River in Guyana, preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Guyana has expressed its intention to join Barbados in asserting claims before the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) that Trinidad and Tobago's maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into their waters; dispute with Colombia over Los Monjes islands and maritime boundary near the Gulf of Venezuela; Colombian-organized illegal narcotics and paramilitary activities penetrate Venezuela's shared border region resulting in several thousand residents migrating away from the border; US, France, and the Netherlands recognize Venezuela's claim to give full effect to Aves Island, which creates a Venezuelan EEZ/continental shelf extending over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea; Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines protest Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation and other states' recognition of it
Illicit Drugs: small-scale illicit producer of opium and coca for the processing of opiates and coca derivatives; however, large quantities of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana transit the country from Colombia bound for US and Europe; significant narcotics-related money-laundering activity, especially along the border with Colombia and on Margarita Island; active eradication program primarily targeting opium; increasing signs of drug-related activities by Colombian insurgents on border 
  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
Location of Venezuela: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana
Continent: South America Land Area Total: 912,050 sq km 
Region: Southern American Land Area Land: 882,050 sq km
Capitol City: Caracas Land Area Water: 30,000 sq km
Latitude: 008 00 N Border Boundary Land: 4,993 km
Longitude: 066 00 W Border Boundary Coastline: 2,800 km 
Arable Land: 2.85 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.88 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 5,007 m Location: Pico Bolivar (La Columna)
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Caribbean Sea
Largest City in Venezuela: Caracas Caracas Largest City Population: 3,127,000
Threatened Species: 150
Environmental Issues: sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations
Environmental Agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Irrigated Land: 5,750
Bordering Countries: Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds
Geographical Terrain: Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast
Comparative Area of Venezuela: slightly more than twice the size of California
Venezuela's Geography: on major sea and air routes linking North and South America; Angel Falls in the Guiana Highlands is the world's highest waterfall

  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
General Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Natural Hazards: subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts
  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
Economic Overview: Venezuela continues to be highly dependent on the petroleum sector, accounting for roughly one-third of GDP, around 80% of export earnings, and over half of government operating revenues. Government revenue also has been bolstered by increased tax collection, which has surpassed its 2005 collection goal by almost 50%. Tax revenue is the primary source of non-oil revenue, which accounts for 53% of the 2006 budget. A disastrous two-month national oil strike, from December 2002 to February 2003, temporarily halted economic activity. The economy remained in depression in 2003, declining by 9.2% after an 8.9% fall in 2002. Output recovered strongly in 2004-2005, aided by high oil prices and strong consumption growth. Venezuela continues to be an important source of crude oil for the US market. Both inflation and unemployment remain fundamental problems.
GDP: $162,100,000,000 USD Currency: bolivar
GDP per Capita: $6,400 USD Currency Code: VEB
GDP Growth Rate: 9.30 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: bolivares per US dollar - 2,089.8 (2005), 1,891.3 (2004), 1,607 (2003), 1,161 (2002), 723.7 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 4.00 % GDP of Industry: 41.90 %
GDP of Services: 54.10 %  
Inflation Rate: 16.00 % Population in Poverty: 47.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 12.20 % Tourism: 587,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.80 % Budget Revenue in USD: $39,630,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 36.50 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $41,270,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 87,440,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 81,320,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 22.87% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 77.13% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 3,081,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 29,700,000,000 cu m
Oil Consumption: 530,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 29,700,000,000 cu m
Oil Exports: 2,100,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 75,590,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 4,191,000,000,000 cu m
External Debt: $41,510,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $740,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $41,510,000,000 USD
Agricultural Products: corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish
Primary Industries: petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly
Industrial Growth Rate: 7.20 %
Import Amount in USD: $24,630,000,000 USD - raw materials, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, construction materials
Import Partners: US 31.6%, Colombia 11%, Brazil 9.1%, Mexico 6.9%
Export Amount in USD: $52,730,000,000 USD - petroleum, bauxite and aluminum, steel, chemicals, agricultural products, basic manufactures
Export Partners: US 51.2%, Netherlands Antilles 7.3%, Canada 2.4%
GINI Index: 49.10%
Labor Force Number of People: 12,310,000
Labor Force by Occupations: services 64%, industry 23%, agriculture 13%
  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 212 Number of People with Radios: 10,750,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 66 Number of People with Televisions: 4,100,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 3,605,500 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 12,496,000
Internet Service Providers: 51,968 Internet Users: 3,040,000
Internet Country Code: .ve Newspapers: 206
Two Letter Country Code: VE Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 58 Electricity Voltage: 120 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: modern and expanding domestic: domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations; recent substantial improvement in telephone service in rural areas; substantial increase in digitalization of exchanges and trunk lines; installation of a national interurban fiber-optic network capable of digital multimedia services international: country code - 58; 3 submarine coaxial cables; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 PanAmSat; participating with Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia in the construction of an international fiber-optic network
  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  


Highways: 32,308 km Railways: 682 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 10,421 km Waterways: 7,100 km
Airports: 129 Heliports: 1
Motor Vehicles: 110 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 187,395,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 8.20 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 56 ships (1000 GRT or over) 824,941 GRT/1,327,924 DWT by type: bulk carrier 7, cargo 10, chemical tanker 2, container 1, liquefied gas 6, passenger/cargo 12, petroleum tanker 18 foreign-owned: 13 (Denmark 3, Greece 3, India 1, Mexico 3, Panama 1, Russia 1, Spain 1) registered in other countries: 15 (Bahamas 1, Panama 14)
Ports and Harbors: Amuay, La Guaira, Maracaibo, Puerto Cabello, Punta Cardon
  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
Population: 25,730,435 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 18.71 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 28.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 4.92 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.38% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.23 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 3,860,116 Population Female 0-14: 3,620,440
Population Male 15-64: 8,494,944 Population Female 15-64: 8,410,874
Population Male 65+: 609,101 Population Female 65+: 734,960
Population 0-14: 29.10% Literacy Rate: 93.40%
Population 15-64: 65.70% Literacy rate of Males: 93.80%
Population 65+: 5.20% Literacy rate of Females: 93.10%
Population that is Male: 51.00 % Population that is Female: 49.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 74.54 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 21.54 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 71.49 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 77.81 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.70% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 110,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 4,100
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.11
Nationality: VENEZUELAN
Ethnic Groups: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people 
Primary Language: Spanish
Other Languages: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
Primary Religion: Roman Catholic
Other Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%
  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
Branches: National Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas Nacionales or FAN): Ground Forces or Army (Fuerzas Terrestres or Ejercito), Naval Forces (Fuerzas Navales or Armada; includes Marines, Coast Guard), Air Force (Fuerzas Aereas or Aviacion), Armed Forces of Cooperation or National Guard (Fuerzas Armadas de Cooperacion or Guardia Nacional)
Manpower Fit to Serve: 18 years
Manpower Available: 12,373,634 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 10,059,790 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 489,696 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 1.20
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
  Venezuela Facts |  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Information | Venezuela Statistics  
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