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Western Samoa Facts

Western Samoa Facts | Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics | Western Samoa

Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics
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Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics
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 SAMOAN POLITICAL
  Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
Background: New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.
 
 
Common Name: Western Samoa Local Official Name: Western Samoa
Abbreviated Name: Independent State of Samoa Official Name: Western Samoa
Official Script Name: Western Samoa Local Common Name: Western Samoa
Former Name: Western Samoa Territory of: NA
 
Head of State: Chief Tanumafili II MALIETOA
 
Government Type: mix of parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 
Independence: 1962 January 1 (from New Zealand-administered UN truste
 
Constitution: 1962 January 1
 
National Holiday: Independence Day Celebration, 1 June
 
International Organization Participation: ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, IPU, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
 
Administrative Divisions: 11 districts; A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga, Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupa'itea, Tuamasaga, Va'a-o-Fonoti, Vaisigano
 
Dependent Areas: NA
 
Legal System: based on English common law and local customs; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
 
Suffrage: 21 years of age years
 
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: Chief Tanumafili II MALIETOA (cochief of state from 1 January 1962 until becoming sole chief of state 5 April 1963) head of government: Prime Minister Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA (since 1996); note - TUILA'EPA served as deputy prime minister from 1992 and assumed the duties of acting prime minister in 1996, when former Prime Minister TOFILAU Eti Alesana resigned in poor health; TUILA'EPA was confirmed as prime minister (November 1998) after TOFILAU died; Deputy Prime Minister MISA Telefoni (since 2001) cabinet: Cabinet consists of 12 members, appointed by the chief of state on the prime minister's advice elections: upon the death of Chief Tanumafili II MALIETOA, a new chief of state will be elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve a five-year term (no term limits); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the chief of state with the approval of the Legislative Assembly Legislative Branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fono (49 seats - 47 elected by voters affiliated with traditional village-based electoral districts, 2 elected by independent, mostly non-Samoan or part-Samoan, voters who cannot, (or choose not to) establish a village affiliation; only chiefs (matai) may stand for election to the Fono from the 47 village-based electorates; members serve five-year terms) elections: election last held 31 March 2006 (next election to be held not later than March 2011) election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - HRPP 35, SDUP 10, independents 4 Judicial Branch: Court of Appeal; Supreme Court; District Court; Land and Titles Court
 
Party Leaders: Human Rights Protection Party or HRPP [Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA]; Samoa Christian Party or TCP [Tuala Tiresa MALIETOA]; Samoa Democratic United Party or SDUP [LE MAMEA Ropati]; Samoa Party or SP [Su'a Rimoni Ah CHONG]; Samoa Progressive Political Party or SPPP [Toeolesulusulu SIUEVA]
 
International Disputes: NA
 
Illicit Drugs: NA 
 
 
 SAMOAN GEOGRAPHY
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Location of Western Samoa: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
 
Continent: Australia Land Area Total: 2,944 sq km 
Region: South Pacific Oceania Land Area Land: 2,934 sq km
Capitol City: Apia Land Area Water: 10 sq km
      
Latitude: 013 35 S Border Boundary Land: 0 km
Longitude: 172 20 W Border Boundary Coastline: 403 km 
  
Arable Land: 21.13 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 24.30 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
  
Highest Elevation: 1,857 m Location: Mauga Silisili
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Pacific Ocean
  
Largest City in Western Samoa: Apia Apia Largest City Population: 38,000
  
Threatened Species: 0
 
Environmental Issues: soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing
 
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Irrigated Land: 0
 
Bordering Countries: NA
 
Natural Resources: hardwood forests, fish, hydropower
 
Geographical Terrain: two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior
 
Comparative Area of Western Samoa: slightly smaller than Rhode Island
 
Western Samoa's Geography: occupies an almost central position within Polynesia
 

 SAMOAN CLIMATE
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General Climate: tropical; rainy season (October to March), dry season (May to October)
 
Natural Hazards: occasional typhoons; active volcanism
 
 
 SAMOAN ECONOMY
  Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
 
Economic Overview: The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force, and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. The decline of fish stocks in the area is a continuing problem. Tourism is an expanding sector, accounting for 25% of GDP; about 88,000 tourists visited the islands in 2001. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.
 
 
GDP: $1,000,000,000 USD Currency: tala
GDP per Capita: $2,100 USD Currency Code: SAT
GDP Growth Rate: 5.50 %
  
Currency Exchange Rate History: tala per US dollar - 2.7103 (2005), 2.7807 (2004), 2.9732 (2003), 3.3763 (2002), 3.478 (2001)
  
  
GDP of Agriculture: 11.40 % GDP of Industry: 58.40 %
GDP of Services: 30.20 %  
   
Inflation Rate: 3.30 % Population in Poverty: 0.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 0.00 % Tourism: 85,000.00 visitors each year
   
Consumption by lowest 10%: 0.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $171,300,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 0.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $78,100,000 USD
   
Electricity Production: 116,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 107,900,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
 
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 59.22% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 40.78% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
   
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 1,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
   
External Debt: $177,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $30,800,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
   
Agricultural Products: coconuts, bananas, taro, yams, coffee, cocoa
 
Primary Industries: food processing, building materials, auto parts
 
Industrial Growth Rate: 2.80 %
  
  
Import Amount in USD: $285,000,000 USD - machinery and equipment, industrial supplies, foodstuffs
 
Import Partners: NZ 31%, Australia 22.6%, US 13.5%, Japan 7.5%, Fiji 6%, China 4.6%
 
Export Amount in USD: $94,000,000 USD - fish, coconut oil and cream, copra, taro, automotive parts, garments, beer
 
Export Partners: Australia 75.9%, American Samoa 13.6%, US 6.5%
 
    
GINI Index: 0.00%
 
Labor Force Number of People: 90,000
 
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 65%, services 30%, industry 5%
 
  
 SAMOAN COMMUNICATIONS
  Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
 
Radio Broadcast Stations: 7 Number of People with Radios: 174,849
Television Broadcast Stations: 2 Number of People with Televisions: 8,634
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 13,300 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 24,000
 
Internet Service Providers: 10,680 Internet Users: 6,000
 
Internet Country Code: .ws Newspapers: 0
Two Letter Country Code: WS Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 685 Electricity Voltage: Volts
  
Telephone Systems: general assessment: adequate domestic: NA international: country code - 685; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
 
  
 SAMOAN TRANSPORTATION
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Highways: 332 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 0 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 0 Heliports: 0
 
Motor Vehicles: 0 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 0 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  
Merchant Marines: total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 7,091 GRT/8,127 DWT by type: cargo 1 foreign-owned: 1 (Germany 1)
 
Ports and Harbors: Apia
 
  
 SAMOAN PEOPLE
  Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
 
Population: 178,631 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 16.43 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 60.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 6.62 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: -0.20% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 2.94 babies born per woman
 
Population Male 0-14: 23,492 Population Female 0-14: 22,653
Population Male 15-64: 74,202 Population Female 15-64: 44,894
Population Male 65+: 5,299 Population Female 65+: 6,368
 
Population 0-14: 26.10% Literacy Rate: 99.70%
Population 15-64: 67.30% Literacy rate of Males: 99.60%
Population 65+: 6.60% Literacy rate of Females: 99.70%
 
Population that is Male: 52.50 % Population that is Female: 47.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 71.00 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 26.85 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 68.20 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 73.94 years
 
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.00% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 12
Number of people who died of AIDS: 3
   
Disease Risk:
 
Diseases:
 
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -11.76
 
Nationality: SAMOAN
 
Ethnic Groups: Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4% 
 
  
Primary Language: Samoan
 
Other Languages: Samoan (Polynesian), English
 
 
Primary Religion: Christian
 
Other Religions: Congregationalist 34.8%, Roman Catholic 19.6%, Methodist 15%, Latter-Day Saints 12.7%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%, other Christian 4.5%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.1%
 
  
 SAMOAN MILITARY
  Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
  
Branches: no regular military forces; Samoa Police Force Note: Samoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
 
Manpower Available: 58,722 People
 
Manpower Fit to Serve: 45,294 People
 
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 2,306 People per year
 
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
 
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.00
 
 
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
 SAMOAN RESOURCES
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Western Samoa Spa and Resort Directory
 
Western Samoa Home Exchanges and Home Swaps
 
Western Samoa Vacation Rentals And Holiday Villas
 

Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
Western Samoa Travel Books
 
Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
Samoan Phrasebooks 
 
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Western Samoa Travel DVD's
Western Samoa Facts |  Independent State of Samoa Information | Western Samoa Statistics  
Western Samoa Videos
 

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