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Yemen Facts

Yemen Facts | Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics | Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Y

Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics
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Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics
Yemen Map
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
Background: North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border.
Common Name: Yemen Local Official Name: Al Yaman
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Yemen Official Name: Al Jumhuriyah al Yamaniyah
Official Script Name: Yemen Local Common Name: Yemen
Former Name: Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Y Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Field Marshall Ali Abdallah SALIH
Government Type: republic
Independence: 1990 May 22, (Republic of Yemen established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]); note - previously North Yemen had become
Constitution: 1991 May 16; amended 29 September 1994 and February 2001
National Holiday: Unification Day, 22 May
International Organization Participation: AFESD, AMF, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, ONUB, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNOCI, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO (observer)
Administrative Divisions: 19 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Abyan, 'Adan, Ad Dali', Al Bayda', Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, Al Mahrah, Al Mahwit, 'Amran, Dhamar, Hadramawt, Hajjah, Ibb, Lahij, Ma'rib, Sa'dah, San'a', Shabwah, Ta'izz note: for electoral and administrative purposes, the capital city of Sanaa is treated as an additional governorate
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on Islamic law, Turkish law, English common law, and local tribal customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Ali Abdallah SALIH (since 22 May 1990, the former president of North Yemen, assumed office upon the merger of North and South Yemen); Vice President Maj. Gen. Abd al-Rab Mansur al-HADI (since 3 October 1994) head of government: Prime Minister Abd al-Qadir BA JAMAL; Deputy Prime Ministers Rashid Muhammad al-ALIMI, Alawi Salah al-SALAMI, Ahmad Muhammad Abdallah al-SUFAN cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 20 September 2006 (next to be held September 2013); vice president appointed by the president; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president election results: Ali Abdallah SALIH elected president; percent of vote - Ali Abdallah SALIH 77.2%, Faisal bin SHAMLAN 21.8% Legislative Branch: a new constitutional amendment ratified on 20 February 2001 created a bicameral legislature consisting of a Shura Council (111 seats; members appointed by the president) and a House of Representatives (301 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) elections: last held 27 April 2003 (next to be held in April 2009) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - GPC 228, Islah 47, YSP 7, Nasserite Unionist Party 3, National Arab Socialist Ba'th Party 2, independents 14 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court
Party Leaders: there are more than 12 political parties active in Yemen, some of the more prominent are: General People's Congress or GPC [President Ali Abdallah SALIH]; Islamic Reform Grouping or Islah [Shaykh Abdallah bin Husayn al-AHMAR]; Nasserite Unionist Party [Abdal Malik al-MAKHLAFI]; National Arab Socialist Ba'th Party [Dr. Qasim SALAM]; Yemeni Socialist Party or YSP [Ali Salih MUQBIL]
International Disputes: Yemen protests Eritrea fishing around the Hanish Islands awarded to Yemen by the ICJ in 1999; Saudi Arabia still maintains the concrete-filled pipe as a security barrier along sections of the border with Yemen in 2004 to stem illegal cross-border activities; Yemen protests Saudi erection of a concrete-filled pipe as a security barrier in 2004 to stem illegal cross-border activities in sections of the boundary
Illicit Drugs: NA 
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
Location of Yemen: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Continent: Middle East Land Area Total: 527,970 sq km 
Region: Middle Eastern Land Area Land: 527,970 sq km
Capitol City: Sanaa Land Area Water: 0 sq km
Latitude: 015 00 N Border Boundary Land: 1,746 km
Longitude: 048 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 1,906 km 
Arable Land: 2.91 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.25 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 3,760 m Location: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb
Lowest Elevation: 0 m Location: Arabian Sea
Largest City in Yemen: Sana'a Sana'a Largest City Population: 1,231,000
Threatened Species: 84
Environmental Issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Irrigated Land: 5,500
Bordering Countries: Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km
Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west
Geographical Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula
Comparative Area of Yemen: slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming
Yemen's Geography: strategic location on Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes

  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
General Climate: mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east
Natural Hazards: sandstorms and dust storms in summer
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
Economic Overview: Yemen, one of the poorest countries in the Arab world, has reported meager growth since 2000. Its economic fortunes depend mostly on oil. Oil revenues increased in 2005 due to higher prices. Yemen was on an IMF-supported structural adjustment program designed to modernize and streamline the economy, which led to substantial foreign debt relief and restructuring. However, government dedication to the program waned in 2001 for political reasons. Yemen is struggling to control excessive spending and rampant corruption. The people have grown increasingly upset over the economic situation. In July 2005, a reduction in fuel subsidies sparked riots; over 20 Yemenis were killed and hundreds were injured.
GDP: $19,360,000,000 USD Currency: Yemeni rial
GDP per Capita: $900 USD Currency Code: YER
GDP Growth Rate: 2.80 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Yemeni rials per US dollar - 192.67 (2005), 184.78 (2004), 183.45 (2003), 175.63 (2002), 168.67 (2001)
GDP of Agriculture: 13.50 % GDP of Industry: 47.20 %
GDP of Services: 39.30 %  
Inflation Rate: 11.80 % Population in Poverty: 45.20 %
Unemployment Rate: 35.00 % Tourism: 88,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 3.00 % Budget Revenue in USD: $5,616,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 25.90 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $5,719,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 3,848,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 0 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 2,827,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 0 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 100.00% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 0.00% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 387,500 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 80,000 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 370,300 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 4,370,000,000 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 478,600,000,000 cu m
External Debt: $5,347,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $2,300,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
Primary Industries: crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair
Industrial Growth Rate: 3.00 %
Import Amount in USD: $4,190,000,000 USD - food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Import Partners: UAE 14.6%, Saudi Arabia 11.6%, China 9.1%, Kuwait 5%, India 4.5%
Export Amount in USD: $6,387,000,000 USD - crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish
Export Partners: China 36.5%, Chile 19.2%, Thailand 12.5%, Japan 5.4%, South Korea 4.4%, US 4.1%
GINI Index: 33.40%
Labor Force Number of People: 5,830,000
Labor Force by Occupations: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 9 Number of People with Radios: 1,050,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 7 Number of People with Televisions: 470,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 798,100 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 2,000,000
Internet Service Providers: 171 Internet Users: 220,000
Internet Country Code: .ye Newspapers: 15
Two Letter Country Code: YM Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: 967 Electricity Voltage: 220/230 Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: since unification in 1990, efforts have been made to create a national telecommunications network domestic: the national network consists of microwave radio relay, cable, tropospheric scatter, and GSM cellular mobile telephone systems international: country code - 967; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean), 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region), and 2 Arabsat; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia and Djibouti
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  


Highways: 6,200 km Railways: 0 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 1,377 km Waterways: 0 km
Airports: 16 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 48 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 16,162,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 1.00 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: total: 4 ships (1000 GRT or over) 15,400 GRT/18,072 DWT by type: cargo 1, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1 registered in other countries: 9 (Bolivia 1, Cambodia 3, North Korea 2, Panama 3)
Ports and Harbors: Aden, Nishtun
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
Population: 21 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 42.89 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 38.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 8.30 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 3.46% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 6.58 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 5 Population Female 0-14: 4
Population Male 15-64: 5 Population Female 15-64: 5
Population Male 65+: 275 Population Female 65+: 287
Population 0-14: 46.40% Literacy Rate: 50.20%
Population 15-64: 51.00% Literacy rate of Males: 70.50%
Population 65+: 2.60% Literacy rate of Females: 30.00%
Population that is Male: 52.00 % Population that is Female: 48.00%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 62.12 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 59.88 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 60.23 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 64.11 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 0.10% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 12,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 0
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: 1.04
Nationality: YEMENI
Ethnic Groups: predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans 
Primary Language: Arabic
Other Languages: Arabic
Primary Religion: Muslim
Other Religions: Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
Branches: Army (includes Special Forces), Navy (includes Marines), Air Force (includes Air Defense Force)
Manpower Fit to Serve: in May 2001, Yemen's National Defense Council abolished compulsory military service and authorized a years
Manpower Available: 7,926,335 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 5,583,111 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 467,158 People per year
Expenditures: $0 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 6.40
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
  Yemen Facts |  Republic of Yemen Information | Yemen Statistics  
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