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Zambia Facts

Zambia Facts | Republic of Zambia Information | Zambia Statistics | Northern Rhodesia

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Background: The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with at least two parties filing legal petitions challenging the results. Opposition parties currently hold a majority of seats in the National Assembly.
Common Name: Zambia Local Official Name: Zambia
Abbreviated Name: Republic of Zambia Official Name: Zambia
Official Script Name: Zambia Local Common Name: Zambia
Former Name: Northern Rhodesia Territory of: NA
Head of State: President Levy MWANAWASA
Government Type: republic
Independence: 1964 October 24 (from UK)
Constitution: 1991 August 2
National Holiday: Independence Day, 24 October
Administrative Divisions: 9 provinces; Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western
Dependent Areas: NA
Legal System: based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years of age years
Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches: Executive Branch: chief of state: President Levy MWANAWASA (since 2 January 2002); Vice President Enoch KAVINDELE (since 4 May 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Levy MWANAWASA (since 2 January 2002); Vice President Enoch KAVINDELE (since 4 May 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 27 December 2001 (next to be held NA 2006); vice president appointed by the president election results: Levy MWANAWASA elected president; percent of vote - Levy MWANAWASA 29%, Anderson MAZOKA 27%, Christon TEMBO 13%, Tilyenji KAUNDA 10%, Godfrey MIYANDA 8%, Benjamin MWILA 5%, Michael SATA 3% Legislative Branch: unicameral National Assembly (150 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 27 December 2001 (next to be held NA 2006) election results: percent of vote by party - MMD 45.9%, UPND 32.4%, UNIP 8.8%, FDD 8.1%, HP 2.7%, PF 0.7%, ZRP 0.7%, independents 0.7%; seats by party - MMD 68, UPND 48, UNIP 13, FDD 12, HP 4, PF 1, ZRP 1, independents 1; seats not determined 2 Judicial Branch: Supreme Court (the final court of appeal; justices are appointed by the president); High Court (has unlimited jurisdiction to hear civil and criminal cases)
Party Leaders: Agenda for Zambia or AZ [Inonge MBIKUSITA-LEWANIKA]; Forum for Democracy and Development or FDD [Christon TEMBO]; Heritage Party or HP [Godfrey MIYANDA]; Liberal Progressive Front or LPF [Roger CHONGWE, president]; Movement for Multiparty Democracy or MMD [Frederick CHILUBA, president]; National Citizens Coalition or NCC [Nevers MUMBA, president]; National Leadership for Development or NLD [Yobert SHAMAPANDE]; National Party or NP [Dr. Sam CHIPUNGU]; Patriotic Front or PF [Michael SATA]; Zambian Republican Party or ZRP [Benjamin MWILA]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Gwendoline Konie]; United National Independence Party or UNIP [Francis NKHOMA, president]; United Party for National Development or UPND [Anderson MAZOKA]
International Disputes: NA
Illicit Drugs: transshipment point for moderate amounts of methaqualone, small amounts of heroin, and cocaine bound for Southern Africa and possibly Europe; regional money-laundering center 
  Zambia Facts |  Republic of Zambia Information | Zambia Statistics  
Location of Zambia: Southern Africa, east of Angola
Continent: Africa Land Area Total: 752,614 sq km 
Region: Southern African Land Area Land: 740,724 sq km
Capitol City: Lusaka Land Area Water: 11,890 sq km
Latitude: 015 00 S Border Boundary Land: 5,664 km
Longitude: 030 00 E Border Boundary Coastline: 0 km 
Arable Land: 7.00 % Pastures: 0.00 %
Crops: 0.00 % Woodlands and Forests: 0.00
Highest Elevation: 2,301 m Location: unnamed location in Mafinga Hills
Lowest Elevation: 329 m Location: Zambezi river
Largest City in Zambia: Lusaka Lusaka Largest City Population: 1,577,000
Threatened Species: 37
Environmental Issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks
Environmental Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Irrigated Land: 460
Bordering Countries: Angola 1,110 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km
Natural Resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
Geographical Terrain: mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains
Comparative Area of Zambia: slightly larger than Texas
Zambia's Geography: landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zimbabwe

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General Climate: tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)
Natural Hazards: tropical storms (November to April)
  Zambia Facts |  Republic of Zambia Information | Zambia Statistics  
Economic Overview: Despite progress in privatization and budgetary reform, Zambia's economy has a long way to go. Privatization of government-owned copper mines relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly improved the chances for copper mining to return to profitability and spur economic growth. However, low mineral prices have slowed the benefits from privatizing the mines and reduced incentives for further private investment in the sector. In late 2000, Zambia was determined to be eligible for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative, but Zambia has not yet finalized its Poverty Reduction Strategy paper. Unemployment rates remain high, but GDP growth should continue at about 4%. Inflation should remain close to 20%.
GDP: $8,500,000,000 USD Currency: Zambian kwacha
GDP per Capita: $870 USD Currency Code: ZMK
GDP Growth Rate: 3.90 %
Currency Exchange Rate History: Zambian kwacha per US dollar - 3,848.65 (January 2002), 3,610.94 (2001), 3,110.84 (2000), 2,388.02 (1999), 1,862.07 (1998), 1,314.50 (1997)
GDP of Agriculture: 24.00 % GDP of Industry: 25.00 %
GDP of Services: 51.00 %  
Inflation Rate: 21.50 % Population in Poverty: 86.00 %
Unemployment Rate: 50.00 % Tourism: 456,000.00 visitors each year
Consumption by lowest 10%: 1.10 % Budget Revenue in USD: $1,200,000,000 USD
Consumption by upper 10%: 41.00 % Budget Expenditures in USD: $1,250,000,000 USD
Electricity Production: 7,822,000,000 kWh Electricity Exports: 1,536,000,000 kWh
Electricity Consumption: 5,838,000,000 kWh Electricity Imports: 100,000,000 kWh

Electricity Production by Source:
Fossil Fuel Electricity Production: 0.51% Nuclear Electricity Production: 0.00%
Hydro Electricity Production: 99.49% Other Electricity Production: 0.00%
Oil Production: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m
Oil Consumption: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m
Oil Exports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m
Oil Imports: 0 barrels per day Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m
Proven Oil Reserves: 0 barrels Proven Natural Gas Reserves: 0 cu m
External Debt: $5,800,000,000 USD Received in economic aid: $651,000,000 USD
  Donated in economic aid: $0 USD
Agricultural Products: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca); cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides; coffee
Primary Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture
Industrial Growth Rate: 5.10 %
Import Amount in USD: $12,050,000,000 USD - machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing
Import Partners: South Africa 67.1%, UK 9.8%, Zimbabwe 7.5%, US 5.9%
Export Amount in USD: $876,000,000 USD - copper 55%, cobalt, electricity, tobacco, flowers, cotton
Export Partners: UK 25.2%, South Africa 24.5%, Switzerland 9.4%, Malawi 7.5%
GINI Index: 52.60%
Labor Force Number of People: 3,400,000
Labor Force by Occupations: agriculture 85%, industry 6%, services 9%
  Zambia Facts |  Republic of Zambia Information | Zambia Statistics  
Radio Broadcast Stations: 28 Number of People with Radios: 1,200,000
Television Broadcast Stations: 9 Number of People with Televisions: 277,000
Number of People with Mainline Telephones: 130,000 Number of People with Mobile Phones: 75,000
Internet Service Providers: 5 Internet Users: 15,000
Internet Country Code: .zm Newspapers: 14
Two Letter Country Code: ZM Weights and Measures:
Phone Country Code: +260 Electricity Voltage: Volts
Telephone Systems: general assessment: facilities are aging but still among the best in Sub-Saharan Africa domestic: high-capacity microwave radio relay connects most larger towns and cities; several cellular telephone services in operation; Internet service is widely available; very small aperture terminal (VSAT) networks are operated by private firms international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)
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Highways: 0 km Railways: 2,157 km
Gas And Oil Pipelines: 1,724 km Waterways: 2,250 km
Airports: 11 Heliports: 0
Motor Vehicles: 1 per 1,000 people CO2 Emissions: 2,455,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
  Per capita CO2 emissions: 0.30 Metric Tons of CO2 per year
Merchant Marines: NA
Ports and Harbors: Mpulungu
  Zambia Facts |  Republic of Zambia Information | Zambia Statistics  
Population: 9,959,037 people type - nationality Birth Rate: 41.01 births per 1,000 people
Population Density: 14.00 people per sq km Death Rate: 21.89 deaths per 1,000 people
Population Growth: 1.90% per year Fertility Rate per Women: 5.43 babies born per woman
Population Male 0-14: 2,357,581 Population Female 0-14: 2,335,644
Population Male 15-64: 2,497,360 Population Female 15-64: 2,519,227
Population Male 65+: 106,160 Population Female 65+: 143,065
Population 0-14: 47.10% Literacy Rate: 78.90%
Population 15-64: 50.40% Literacy rate of Males: 85.70%
Population 65+: 2.50% Literacy rate of Females: 72.60%
Population that is Male: 49.50 % Population that is Female: 50.50%
Life expectancy at birth in years: 37.35 years Infant mortality rate - baby deaths per 1000 births: 89.39 Babies die per 1,000 births
Life expectancy at birth for Males: 37.05 years Life expectancy at birth for Females: 37.66 years
Rate of AIDS/HIV infection: 19.95% Number of people living with AIDS or HIV: 870,000
Number of people who died of AIDS: 99,000
Disease Risk:
Net Migration Rate per 1,000 people: -0.16
Nationality: ZAMBIAN
Ethnic Groups: African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2% 
Primary Language: English
Other Languages: English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages
Primary Religion: Christian
Other Religions: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
  Zambia Facts |  Republic of Zambia Information | Zambia Statistics  
Branches: Army, Air Force, Police, paramilitary forces
Manpower Fit to Serve: NA years
Manpower Available: 2,313,567 People
Manpower Fit to Serve: 1,228,385 People
Amount of Manpower Available each Year: 0 People per year
Expenditures: $32,500,000 USD per year
Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP: 0.90
Note: Phrasebase uses a variety of sources when compiling the facts and information presented above. This information is continually updated throughout the year.
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