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 Member of Member Iris Ember
 
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Joined: Wed Oct 12, 2011
 From: manila
turkish language

please help me..

I am so confused with how to use the proper pronoun.
I don't know when to use beni/seni/etc.... sana/bana etc.../bende/sende etc.../ kendim etc...

example:
I don't live by the rules of anyone.
What pronoun shall I use for " I" in this sentence?

Don't impose any of your silly rules on me.
Should I use "senin" for "your" in this sentence and should I use "bana" for "on me" in this sentence?

How will I say those 2 sentences in turkish too?

Waiting for your response...
Iris Ember
windjammer_mpv@yahoo.com

  Tue Nov 08, 2011 - 4:39 pm
 Member of Premium Members magdalenaa_b
 
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 Posts: 40
 
Joined: Fri Nov 12, 2004
 From: Warsaw/Istanbul
Pronouns and possessives

Pronoun:

I- ben
You- sen
He, she, it- o

We- biz
You- siz
They- onlar


Case forms:

Nominative: kim? ne? ben, sen, o, biz, siz, onlar

Genetive: kimin? neyin? (whose? the question about owner)
suffix: n, in, ın
Ahmet'in arabası. Ahmet's car.

Dativus: kime? neye? (to whom/where)
suffix: (y) a/e
Nere+y+e gidiyorsun? Where are you going?
Ev+e gidiyorum. I'm going home.
Pazar+a gidiyorum. I'm going to market place.
Londra+y+a gidiyorum. I'm going to London.
Hastane+y+e gidiyorum. I'm going to a hospital.

Locativus: kimde? neyde? (where? => inside or outside? at home, in France etc.)
Suffix: da/de, ta/te
Nere+de? Where?
Ev+de. At home.
Okul+da. In school.
Fransa+da. In France.
Market+te. In market.
Park+ta. In park.

Ablativus: kimden? Neyden? (from where?)
Suffix: dan/den, tan/ten
Ev+den. From home.
Varşova+dan. From Warsaw.
Ofis+ten. From office.

Accusativus: kimi ? neyi? (who or what I see/love?)
Suffix: (y) ı,i,u
Sen+i seviyorum. I love you.

Instrumentalis comentativus: kiminle? neyle? ile? (with whom, how)
Suffix: (y) la/le
Araba+y+la. Araba ile. By car.
Otobus+le. or Otobus ile. By bus.
Arkadaş ile. With friend.

Possessive:
My benim
Your senin
Her, his, its onun
Our bizim
Your sizin
Their onların

Mine benimki
yours seninki
hers, his onunku
ours bizimki
yours sizinki
theirs onlarınki

Me bana
You sana
her, him, it ona
us bize
you size
them onlara

Above informations are from my own source.

EDIT:
Below informations are from "Turkish Grammar for Foreign Students" by Mehmet Hengirmen.

Personal Pronouns: ben, sen, o, biz, siz, onlar
Demonstrative Pronouns: bu, şu, o , bunlar, şunlar, onlar
Interrogative pronouns: kim, kimler, ne, neler, kaç, hangi
Reflexive Pronouns: kendim, kendin, kendisi, kendimiz, kendiniz, kendileri
Indefinite Pronouns: biri, kimi, herkes, bazısı, birçoğu, herbiri
Relative Pronouns: Mehmet’inki, benimki, onlarınki
Possessive suffix (pronoun): kitabım, evimiz, komşunuz, çocukların


Personal Pronouns and suffixes showing a noun’s case.

Nominative: ben, sen, o, biz, siz, onlar
Genetive: benim, senin, onun, bizim, sizin, onların
Dativus: bana, sana, ona, bize, size, onlara
Locativus: bende, sende, onda, bizde, sizde, onlarda
Ablativus: benden, senden, ondan, bizden, sizden, onlardan
Accusativus: beni, seni, onu, bizi, sizi, onları


Last edited by: magdalenaa_b on Wed Nov 16, 2011 - 4:44 pm
  Wed Nov 16, 2011 - 4:21 pm
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