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Ainu Language Facts and Information

Information About Ainu Language

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Ainu speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Other
Branch: Independent
Continent: Asia
Country: China
Region: Yengixar (Shule) town, Hanalik and Paynap villages in the Kashgar area, and Gewoz village near Hoban; Hetian, Luopu, Moyu, Shache, Yingjisha and Shulekuche counties of southwestern Xinjiang Autonomous Region.
Countries Where Spoken: 5,000 (1988).
Countries Where Official: China
Native Speakers: 5,000
Speakers Total: 5,000
Phrasebase members who speak Ainu at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Ainu at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Ainu: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Ainu: 0
Three Letter Code: AIB
Alternative Names: AYNU, AINI, ABDAL
Summary: The language has the same grammar as Uyghur but much Persian vocabulary. Some consider it to be a dialect of Uyghur, others to be an Iranian language heavily influenced by Uyghur. The government counts them as Uyghur. They speak Aynu in the family, but Uyghur to outsiders. The Uyghur despise them and call them "Abdal" or "beggar." They do not intermarry with the Uyghur. Different from the Ainu spoken in Russia and Japan. Caste of circumcisers.

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